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Essay on “World Book Day-April 23” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

World Book Day-April 23

World Book Day is celebrated on April 23rd every year throughout the world. By doing so UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), seeks to promote reading, publishing and the protection, of intellectual property through copyright. 23rd  April is a symbolic date for world literature because, by a strange twist of fate, the 23rd April 1616 marked the death of three of the greatest authors and playwrights of all time : Cervantes, Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la vega.

It is also the date of birth or death of other prominent authors such as Maurice Druon, K. Laxness, Vladimir Nabokov, Josep Pla and Manuel Vallejo. It was, therefore, a natural choice for UNESCO’s General Conference to pay a world – wide tribute to books and authors on this date,  encouraging everyone, and in particular young people , to discover the pleasure of reading and gain a renewed respect for the irreplaceable contributions of those who have furthered the social and cultural progress of humanity. 

The success of the World Book and Copyright Day will depend Primarily on the Support received from all parties concerned, (authors, publishers, teachers, librarians, public and private institutions, humanitarian NGOs and the mass media), who have been mobilized, in each country, by UNESCO National Commissions, UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations, Associated Schools and  Libraries, and by all     those who feel motivated to work together in this world celebration of books and authors.

The main aim of Word Book Day is to encourage children to explore the pleasures of reading books and providing them with me opportunity to have a book of their own.

A library is a collection of information, sources, resources and services, organized for use, and maintained by a public body,  an institution, or a private individual. In the more traditional sense, it means a collection of books. This collection and services  are  used  by people who   choose not to – or cannot afford to – purchase an can reasonably be expected to have, or who require professional assistance with their research.

However, with the collection of media other   than books for storing information , many libraries are now also repositories and access points for maps, prints or other documents and artworks on various storage media such as microfilm, microfiche, audio  tapes, CDs, LPs, cassettes, video tapes and DVDs, and provide public  facilities to access CD- ROM and subscription databases and the Internet. Thus, modern libraries are increasingly  being redefined as places to get unrestricted access to information in many formats provide the services of specialists who are experts in matters related to finding and organizing information and interpreting information needs, called librarians. 

More recently, libraries are understood as extending beyond the physical walls of a building. By including material accessible by electronic means, and by providing the assistance of librarians in navigating and analyzing tremendous amounts of knowledge with a variety of digital tools.

The  term ‘ library’ has itself acquired a secondary meaning : “a collection of useful material for common use”, and in  this sense is used in fields such as computer science mathematics and statistics, electronics and biology.

Building a family Library

A home library doesn’t have to be elaborate or expensive to provide rich reading experience. Fancy books aren’t necessarily the best way to capture a child’s imagination. Nevertheless, a good family library does involve time and space time to find materials that will interest all the readers in the family, and space to keep and enjoy them. Here are some questions that might come to mind as you plan a family library :

Where is the best place to set up our library?

Many families have found that setting aside a spot in the home for a family library helps them make reading, a part of family life. you don’t need much space; a corner of a room with a bookshelf, comfortable furniture, and adequate lighting is just fine.

How large should our library be?

Variety counts and not size. Instead of focusing on the number of books, keep in mind the special interests and preferences of each member of the family. Ask your children what they like to read, and try to stock up on their favorite subjects and authors. A small collection of books, thoughtfully gathered over time, is better than a large collection that goes unread.

How should we display our collection?

In a way that in the family to dig in, sturdy bookcases, built- in shelves, and open magazine racks are excellent place to display and store reading material. An orange crate works well, too. A floor-to- ceiling wall system with glass doors might be beautiful to  behold, but would discourage a young reader who could not get to books inside. Be sure to put reading material for the youngest  readers on the lowest shelves. You may want to group together books about your child’s favorite topics – from dinosaurs to space travel  or books by a favorite author.

What kinds of reading materials should we include?

Just about anything goes in a family library. Paperback and hardcover books, a dictionary , an atlas, songbooks, magazines for parents and kids, newspapers, and even mail –order catalogs all have a place. Keep the ages and interests of family members in mind when selecting material ,and get their suggestions. Make sure, there is something for everyone at every reading level.

A shelf of One’s Own

Children may want a place separate from the family library to keep books that have special meaning or value for them. By encouraging children to set aside their personal favourites. You are helping them express their affection for books, and showing them that you respect their reading. 

Here are some tips for helping your children set up their own collections;

Find a special place for your children’s books. If your children’s room does not already have a bookshelf or bookcase , you can use a box, basket, or other sturdy container,. Plastic stacking cubes work well and come in a variety of colors.

As often as possible, let your children choose the books they want to read and add to their collection. A book- buying trip to a yard sale or bookstore can be a fun Saturday morning family activity.

Take your children to the library regularly. Even a child with a well- stocked bookshelf needs a frequent. Fresh supply of books. Encourage your children to keep their library books alongside their own books and to treat them with the same care and affection. Children’s librarians can be a big help in suggesting books for your library.

Give your children books or magazine subscriptions as gifts. Encourage them to give books as gifts to other family members.

For babies and young toddlers, choose sturdy books that can survive rough handling. Board books, for example, have thick pages that can be turned easily and wiped clean. 

Display a few books with their covers facing out. An appealing cover might entice a youngster to pick up the book and peek inside. 

Types of libraries

Libraries can be divided into categories by several methods

Academic libraries

These libraries are located on the campuses of colleges and universities and serve primarily the students and faculty of the that and other academic institutions. Some academic libraries, especially those at public institutions, are accessible to the general public in whole or in part. 

School libraries

Most public and private primary and secondary schools have libraries designed to support the school’s curriculum.

Research libraries

These libraries are intended for supporting scholarly research, and therefore maintain permanent collection and attempt to provide access to all necessary material. Research libraries are most often academic libraries or national libraries, but many large special libraries have research libraries within their special field and a very few of the largest public libraries also serve as research libraries.

Public libraries or public lending libraries

These libraries provide service to the general public and make at least some of their books a available for borrowing, so that readers may use them at home over a period of days or weeks. Typically, libraries issue library cards to community members wishing to borrow books. Many public libraries also serve as community organizations that provide free services and evens to the public, such as babysitting classes and story time.

 Special libraries

All other libraries fall into this category. Many private business and public organizations, including hospitals, museums, research laboratories, law firms ,and many government departments and agencies, maintain their own libraries for the use of their employees in doing specialized research related to their work. Special  libraries may or may not be accessible to some identified part of the general public. Branches of a large academic or research libraries dealing with particular subjects are also usually called “special libraries”.

Circulation libraries

Many institutions make a distinction  between circulation libraries (where materials are expected and intended to be loaned to patrons, institutions, or other    libraries) and collecting libraries (where the materials are selected on a basis of their natures or subject matter). Many modern libraries are a mixture of both, as they contain a general collection for circulation, and a reference collection which is often more specialized , as well as restricted to the library premises. 

The National Library of India

The National Library, India is the largest library in the country. it is an institution of National Importance under the ‘Department of Culture, Ministry of Tourism & Culture,  Government of India’. The library is designated to collect, disseminate and preserve the printed material produced in the country. The library is situated on a scenic 30 acres Belvedere Estate, in Kolkata, formerly Calcutta City. ‘its collection  is in excess of one million books.

Before independence, it was the official residence of Lt. Governor of Bengal. Afterwards the Government of India  changed the name of the Imperial Library as the National Library, and the collection was shifted from The Esplanade to the present Belvedere Estate. On February 1, 1953 the National Library was opened to the public.

Aims of the National Library, India

Acquisition and conservation of all significant national production of printed material, excluding ephemera

Collection of printed material concerning the Country, no matter where and in what language it is published, and as a corollary, the acquisition of photographic records of such material that is not available within the country.

Acquisition and  conservation of foreign material required by the country.

Rendering of bibliographical and documents services of current and retrospective material, both general and specialized.

Active as a referral centre purveying full and accurate knowledge

EJournal is an all- electronic, e- mail delivered, peer- reviewed , academic periodical. We are particularly interested in theory and interpretation , alternation and replication of electronic “text”- including “Display” – broadly defined. We are also interested in the broader social, psychological, literary, economic and pedagogical implications of computer – mediated networks. The journal’s    essays are delivered free to Internet addresses. Recipients may make paper copies; EJournal will provide authenticated paper copy from our read- only archive if needed by academic deans or others.      

Electronic Books

An e-book, an electronic book, is an electronic ( or digital) equivalent of a conventional printed book. The term has occasionally been used ambiguously to either an individual work in a digital format, or a hardware device used to read books in digital format, more specifically called an e- book device or e-book  reader. E-book are an emerging and rapidly changing technology, that can branch to include other formats, such as online magazines, such as the Grantville Gazette, published by Baen’s Books, or digital books designed to be listened to as audio books.

The term e-text is a broader term than e-book , and is also used for the particular case  of data in ASCII text format, rather than  books in proprietary file formats. It also includes the academic e- text, which commonly contains components such as facsimile images, apparatus criticus , and scholarly commentary on the work from one or more editors specially qualified to  edit the author work in question.

An e-book is commonly bundled by a publisher for distribution (as an e-book or an internet newspaper), whereas e-text is distributed in plain text on the Web, or in the case of academic works, in the form of discrete media such as compact discs.  Metadata commonly include details about author, title, publisher, an copyright date; less common are details regarding language, genre , relevant copyright conventions, etc. 

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