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Essay on “The Role of Youth in India” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

The Role of Youth in India

Essay No. 01

Youth  is  the  backbone  of  a  country.  Youth  can  play  an  important role  in  building  a   strong  and  united  India.  Unfortunately, for decades, since independence, youth  have  felt  neglected, disillusioned  and  rudderless.  They need  a  sense  of  direction, involvement  and  responsibility.  The  youth  power  should  be harnessed  to  tackle  the  age-old  social  evils  and  other  problems facing  the  country.  Now  that  the  voting  age  has  been  lowered to  18,  youth  can  play  a  critical  role  in  the  coming  years  to transform  the  hopes  and  aspirations  of  the  nation  into  a  reality. They  should  act  judiciously.  They  should  not  become  pawns  in the  hands  of  politicians.  Thus  in   India  of  tomorrow,  youth  is assured  of  a  decisive  role  in  the  task  of  nation-building  even though  indirectly.

Youth  in  any  country  form  its  backbone.  It  is  on  youths  shoulders  that the  responsibility  for  change,  progress  and  innovations  lies.  Youth  are  starry eyed,  full  of  idealism  and  bubbling  with  energy  to  honestly  fight  for  a cause.  Every  age  suffers  from  the  conservation  of  its  elders.  It  is  the  youth only  who  have  the  necessary  courage  and  initiative  to  break  out  the  taboos and  crippling  practices.  Mao-tse  Tung  of  China  realised  this  latent  power and  dedication  of  the  youth  of  his  country.  He,  therefore,  entrusted  them with  the  Cultural  Revolution—a  movement  intended   to  weed  out  the deadwood  in  the  party,  who  stood  for  status  quo.  Again  in  our  own. country,  our  youth  played  a  significant  role  in  the  freedom   struggle  and made  considerable  sacrifices.

But,  unfortunately,  since  the  attainment  of  Independence,  the  youth  in  the country  have  been going  adrift. They have  not  been  associated  with the contemporary  national  problems.  They have  not  been  assimilated  in  the mainstream  of  national  life.  The  youth   feel  alienated  and,  therefore to  a certain  extent,  frustrated.  Unless  there  are  worthy  causes  or  challenging problems  to  give  our  youth  a  chance  to  show  their  mettle,  there   is  bound to  be  a  sense  of  directionlessness  and  dissatisfaction.  And  the  youth India  for  decades  has  felt  neglected.  Consequently  their  energies  and  stamina are  getting  misdirected  into  negative  thinking  and  destructive  activities. Partly  the  leadership  of  the  country  is  responsible  for  this  state  of  affairs vis-a-vis  the  youth.

If  one  surveys  the  national  scene  today  and  studies  the  structure—social, economic  and  religious—of  Indian  society,  one  can  easily  earmark  the fields  and  problems  which  need  youths  dynamism  and  dedication. Mahatma  Gandhi  and  Jawaharlal  Nehru  dreamt  of  a  beautiful,  united and  strong  India.  The  youth  of  today.  can  play   a  sterling  role  in  the realization  of  this  dream.  Not  only  will  the  youth  lend  a  helping  hand  in tackling  the  ills  affecting  the  country,  but  also  they  will  not  feel  bitter and  alienated,

We  are  well  aware  of  the  extensive  damage  that  is  being  done  to  the fabric  of  our  national  structure  by  parochial  thinking  along  caste  and communal  lines.  It  is  time,  we  shed  our  partisan  prejudices  and  worked jointly  for  the  progress  of  the  county.  It  is  time  a  concerted  effort  was made  to  rid  our  national  life  of  caste  and  communal  strife,  so  that  there could  be  a  homogeneous,  peaceful  and  progressive India.  And  no  other section  of  society  is  more  suited  for  this  onerous  task  than  the  youth. ,They  can,  with  their  liberal  outlook,  decide  to shed  casteism  and  communal  bias  and  propagate  this  thinking  among.  others  also.  They  can  go  in  for inter-caste  and  inter-community  marriages  and  thus  create  fellow-feeling among  different  sets  of  people.  They  can  also  decide  to  drop  their  caste-reflecting  surnames.  This  will  enable  them  to  carve  out  their  own  individual identities  rather  than  falling  hack  upon  the  goodwill  of  the  caste.

Another  important  task  that  the  youth  can  successfully  undertake  is  to eliminate  the  curse  of  dowry.  Dowry  is  responsible  for  a  large  number  of  deaths  of  innocent  married  girls  and  harassment  of  the  parents  of  the marriageable  daughters.  The  birth  of  a  daughter  in  Indian  society  is  an unwelcome  event.  It  generates  gloom  and  despair  among  the  parents  simply because  of  the  large  dowry  which  will  be required  for   marrying  the  girl. The  youth—both  boys  and  girls—can  take  a  pledge  not  to  give  and  accept dowry.  Also  they  can  force  their  parents  to  stop  this  desirable  practice.  This  problem  directly  concerns  the  youth  themselves.  Therefore,  they  can easily  tight  it  and  save  lives  from  being  lost.  The  youth  in  the  cities  can get  in  touch  with  the  youth  in  the  rural,  areas  and  educate them with a view  to  creating  a  mass  movement  for the  abolition  of  dowry. Where legal  sanctions  against  dowry   have  nearly  failed,  this  social  movement  by the  youth  will  prove  effective.

Another  nagging  problem  that  India  faces  today  is  that of population explosion. According to the 1991  census,  India’s  population  was 84.63 crores.  In  a  country,  where  every  minute  a  child  is  born,  all planning  is bound  to  come  to  nought.  All  economic  progress  is  certain  to  be  nullified by  the  increase  in  the population.  With  ever  increasing  mouths  to  feed, the  government’s  efforts  to  strengthen  the  economic  situation  have  yielded poor  results.  Inflation has become  a  chrome  feature.  The  masses  of  pool people  have  been  reeling  under  the  impact  of  rising  prices.  Government has  no  doubt  initiated  several  measures  to  curb  population.  However,  this again  is  a:problem  which  requires  mass-education  about  the.  ill-effects  of large  families  on  the  nation,  on  the  family  as  a  unit,  and  even  on  the health  of  the  mother  and  on  the  future  of  children.  It  is  again  the  youth  of the  country  who  can  be  of  tremendous  help  in  solving  this  nearly unsurmountabl  problem.  First,  they  themselves  should  resolve  to  limit their  own  families  when  they  get  married.  The  youth  can  organise  camps in  the  rural  areas  with  a  view  to  educating  them  about  the  benefits  of small  families.  The  village  folk  are  generally  suspicious  of  government officials,  nurses  and  doctors.  If  a  ground  has  been  prepared,  then  the  family planning  officials  will  meet  with  better  success,  as  they  will  get  the villagers  Cooperation.

Our  is  a  developing  nation.  Our  resources  are  limited.  Crores  of  rupees  are being  spent  by  the government  on  literacy  programmes ,  like  adult  education. Still the literacy  rate  remains  pretty  low.  The  educated  youth,  particularly the  students,  should  come  forward  during  the  holidays,  and  visit  villages to  teach  the  villagers.  They  can  teach  them  elementary  reading  and  writing They  can  also  educate  them  about  the  laws  of  hygiene  and  need  for cleanliness,  and  harmful  effects  of  drinking  and  tobacco  chewing.

Widespread  corruption  is  another  problem  which  can  be  tackled  by  the youth.  They  should  organize  themselves  and  form  anti-corruption  cells (independent  of  government  control)  and  take  up  particular  cases. corruption  and  expose  the  guilty both  politicians  and  public  servants.  They, have  the  required  boldness .They  have  the  sincerity  of  purpose  to  unravel Corrupt  deals  and  officials  and  put  them  to  shame.  This  will  prevent  people from indulging  in  corrupt  practices.

Of  late,  the  government  has  become  conscious  of  the  need  to  tap  the youth-power  The  youth  are  being  associated  with  the  political  and  social, activities  more  actively.  It  is  essential  that  the  Young  and  dynamic  youth should  be  given  ample  -opportunities  to  participate  in  the  task  of  nation building. The  should  follow  the  footsteps  of  youth  leaders  like  late  Sanjay Gandhi  and  Rajiv  Gandhi  who  started  their  political  career  with  Indian Youth  Congress (IYC).

With  the  lowering  Of  the  voting  age  to  18,  the  young  have  suddenly  become political important.  The new voters can decisively tilt the political scales at a general election. Realising this, all the political parties are trying to involve more youth in their political agenda. It depends on the youth not to become pawn in the hands of politicians, but to be judicious. The youth should cast their vote after weighing all the pros and cons. Undoubtedly, in the India of tomorrow the young are going to play a decisive role in choosing their leaders. It is a big responsibility and it will involve the in the task of national reconstruction. Hence, the youth is going to play a crucial role in the coming years to translate the hopes and aspirations of the nations into reality.

Youth  is  the  most  vital  human  resource  of  the  nation  on  whom  the present  and  future  of  the  country  depend.  The  Department  of  Youth Affairs  and  Sports  is  implementing  a  number  of  schemes  of  youth development.  Several  initiatives  taken  in  the  past  have  given  a  new thrust  to  the  youth  programmes  for  channelising  the  abundant  energy of  the  youth  into  constructive  activities.  The  National  Youth  Policy also  seeks  to  provide  the  youth  with  new  opportunities  to  participate  in nation-building  activities.


Essay No. 02


Role of Youth

Youth are the valuable human resource of every country. They constitute about one-third. of the total population of India. During the freedom struggle, the youth of our country played a significant role. But after independence,’ they have become inactive. There is a generation gap between the old -and the young. Most of the youth are misdirected. They should be guided and their energies should be utilized for the progress of the nation. India today is burdened with many social, political and economic problems. The youth can-come forward and check them, and work for the betterment of the nation. The youth can also provide relief to afflicted persons during natural calamities. By performing a constructive role, the youth can make India preposterous in every field.

Youth constitute about 34% of the total population of India. The youth today have often been misunderstood by the elders. There has always been a struggle between tradition and modernity. The elders consider the youth to be immature and inexperienced. The widening generation gap has made them feel alienated. The growing population has complicated the problem of unemployment. Reservations and nepotism have further complicated the problems of unemployment. Schools and colleges do not groom them for a bright future. All these factors have frustrated the youth.

Students constitute majority of the youth. They indulge in acts of indiscipline in different schools, colleges and universities. Thus, their energies are being misused for destructive purposes. They hold rallies and resort to strikes, etc. They go to the extent of taking law into their own hands. They lack proper guidance and good leadership. They should be guided so that they use their energies for concrete purposes.

The students alone cannot be blamed for this. Political leaders exploit student power for their own political ends. If there is good leadership, students’ power can be utilized for bringing about social, economic and political reforms.

India today is facing many problems in the social and economic sphere. Corruptions, increasing population, illiteracy rate, social evils etc. are some of the burning problems. The youth should take an active part to solve these problems, which have delayed the progress of the country.

The population of India has crossed the one billion mark. This has hindered the progress of the country. Though various programmes and reforms have been implemented yet they didn’t bring any positive effects. Family planning programmes have not been totally accepted by the people. Youth organisations should take up the responsibility of educating the poor about the benefits of family planning. Illiteracy is another burning problem in our country. The youth should encourage the illiterate parents to send their children to school. They should initiate steps to teach the illiterate people. They could give them elementary education. They should also educate them about the need for cleanliness.

One of the worst social problems faced by India is the evil of dowry. The youth should come forward and fight against this practice. They should not come under the pressure of their parents to demand, give or accept dowry.

Services of youth can he taken for national integration. The youth should fight against communalism, casteism, linguism, regionalism, etc. The youth should play a responsible role for the betterment of the country. By performing a constructive role, the youth can bring prosperity in India.


Essay No. 03

Indian Youth

India’s population is more than 100 crores, out of which 40% are in the age group of 15 and 30. They form a huge reservoir of energy and cream of the country. Wisdom and discretion are not the monopoly of the elders alone. The young men and women are also intelligent and wise and much of a nation’s progress and future depend upon them. According to Samuel Johnson, “Young men have more virtue than old men; they have more generous sentiments in every respect.” And in the words of Lord Byron:

The days of our youth are the days

of our glory;

And the myrtle and ivy of sweet

two and twenty

Are worth all our laurels, though

ever so plenty.

Young people are full of abundant energy, courage, spirit for adventure, imagination, hope and ambition. These can be very well used in constructive and developmental activities. These should not be allowed either to go waste or used for destructive purposes. The young men and women of India should be fully involved in the creative work of nation-building and reconstruction. The younger generation, which is more generous, flexible, sensitive and dynamic, can do wonders if properly guided and motivated. It is with the help of the young men and women of China that Mao Tsetung, the chairman of the People’s Republic of China (1949-59) and of the Chinese Communist Party, effected the great Cultural Revolution which transformed the whole of China into one of the great political and military powers of the world. Mao was well aware of the power, exuberance, spontaneity, ebullience and unlimited energy of the youth and used these to great advantage for himself and China. Besides China, there are many other countries like France and Indonesia, etc. where the youth has helped in changing the course of history in more ways than one.

It is easy to blame the youth of India for impatience, indiscipline, irreverence for the elders, authority and social customs. But all these reflect one-sidedness and lack of proper understanding on the part of the eiders and grown-ups. No doubt the youth of modern India has its own limitations and problems, etc. but these can be removed or decreased to a great extent by sympathy, understanding and appreciation. If the youth of India have any shortcomings and faults, the elders are to blame because the former mirror the latter.

Proper orientation and positive steps are needed to engage the youth of the country in nation-building activities. Their zeal, enthusiasm and energy need to be channelised in developmental activities and social reconstruction. The Indian youth, full of inexhaustible power, is always eager to do something positive, constructive and appreciable for the society and the nation.

In order to harness the youth-power of the country, a National Youth Policy has been framed to instill in the youth a deep awareness of national ideals of secularism, non-violence, integration and our ancient historical and cultural heritage. It also aims at developing qualities of discipline, self-reliance, leadership, justice, fair play, sporting spirit and scientific temper so as to enable them to combat superstitions, obscurantism and other numerous social ills and evils.

With the above objectives in view, adventure institutions, cultural centres, Yuvak Kendras, and sports centres, etc. have been established in various important cities and towns of the country. For example, Indian Mountaineering Foundation, New Delhi and National Adventure Foundation are two important institutions for promotion of adventure. These provide training facilities and financial assistance for undertaking mountaineering, biking, trekking, expeditions, explorations, cycle-tours, etc. to promote a feeling of oneness and unity. The young men and women from one part of the country exchange visits with their counterparts from other parts. It helps them to familiarize themselves with different environments, lifestyles and social customs.

Then there is the National Service Scheme (NSS). Its main objective is to involve the college and +2 level students on a voluntary and selective basis in the programme of social service and national development. Started in 1969, now it is being implemented in all the states and union territories and covers over 5,000 colleges. Under this scheme, rural and slum reconstruction, repair of roads and school-buildings, village ponds, tanks, tree plantation, conservation of environment, health and family welfare, and adult and women education, etc. are undertaken. NSS students also help local authorities in implementing various relief and rehabilitation programmes. At times of natural calamities, like floods, droughts, famines and earthquakes, NSS students and volunteers play a very important, positive and constructive role.

There are special schemes for the tribal youth to give them vocational training and to update their skills to help them in self-employment. There are youth hostels strewn all over the country to promote travel among young men and women, by providing cheap accommodation when on educational tours and excursions to historical and cultural places. The Nehru YuvakKendras, about 446 in number and spread all over the country, serve non-students and rural youth to improve their personality and employment capability. Under the international scouting and guiding movement, the Bharat Scouts and Guides and All India Boys Scouts Association are inculcating in the Indian youth a spirit of loyalty, patriotism and thoughtfulness for others.

But still more and vigorous efforts are needed to solve the problems of the youth. They are a frustrated lot for want of proper employment opportunities. Our education system does not take note of their requirements and, therefore, fails to prepare them well for life and career. The red-tapism, nepotism, caste considerations and favouritism further add to their problems and frustration. For want of proper leadership and ideals, they suffer from lack of direction, purpose and decisiveness. The task of tackling these and other problems of the youth is difficult and challenging but not impossible. It is the duty of the government, voluntary agencies, corporate world and the society to see that youth-power is properly harnessed, that young men and women are properly educated and trained and subsequently satisfactorily employed. The advanced and developed countries have been investing heavily for the last many decades in schemes and programmes related to the training, education, orientation and welfare of their youth.

With the passage of time, the number of young people in India is likely to increase and so it becomes imperative that more effective ways and means are found to use their vast energy in economic reconstruction and social regeneration activities. Perhaps, one of the best ways can be their greater involvement in welfare schemes, community development programmes and nation-building activities so as to generate in them a sense of purpose, pride, self-confidence and relevance. It is only by such means and efforts that the young people in India can be given the much needed self-confidence and a sense of fulfillment and belonging. They can be inspired to work in the slums, villages and hamlets in their spare time. They can be urged to adopt families, villages or clusters of houses to improve sanitation, education, social awareness, economic condition and skills of the people residing in them.


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  1. Gunesh Bharathiya says:

    good one ….

  2. Rudraa says:

    Thanks for help. These essays are very nice

  3. Yashika says:

    Thank you so much today in class I have to represent the same speech

  4. Yashika says:

    I read many paragraphs but these 3 paragraph I found very interesting it is amazing and thank you so much for posting this paragraph. Surly I will represent this speech.

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