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Essay on “Means Of Transport And Communication” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Means Of Transport And  Communication

Transport includes railway transport, road transport, shipping , inland transport and civil aviation whereas communications include the postal services and tele-communications such as telegraph, telephone, radio and television etc. An efficient and cheap transport and communication system plays a vital role in economic development of an undeveloped country. If agriculture and industry are regarded as the body and bones of the economy, transport communications constitute its nerves.

Man has always been adventurous. He has been trying to know how the people live in other parts of the world. He has also had a keen desire to travel fast, see now lands, also, he wanted to trade.

Many rulers and kings built several roads to link the different parts of their kingdom. Explorers found new lands and discovered more and more Sea Routes. The traders went with goods to far lands and developed trade links.     

The growth and advancement of science and technology brought rapid changes in the means of transport and communication. Every time, with the invention of new machines and engines, the speed increased, and the people started covering long distances in a short time, with comfort and safety.

Today, we have a large variety of means of transport and communication. We can travel all over the world with comfort and safety in a short time. We can exchange our goods with those of the other countries of the world. We can converse with our relatives and friends living  thousands , telex, FAX, mass-media like radio and television,  satellite and print- media like newspapers and periodicals are the major manes of communication.

Good transport by land, sea and air is very essential nowadays. It facilitates form town  to town, country to country and continent to continent. It is essential to carry raw materials from their sources to the factories where they are processed and turned into manufactured goods, and also to carry those products to people who want to buy them.

Most of the local traffic in a country is on the roads. Cars and buses carry people to work on visits, on picnics, and so on. Trucks and lorries carry goods from producers to wholesalers and to shops. For longer distances the railway has many advantages. It can carry more passengers and large amounts of bulky goods quickly , cheaply and with safety. Where distances are thousands of kilometers and oceans and mountains are the barriers, ships and aeroplanes are used. Air transport is very expensive , but very much quicker. However, ships still carry most of the overseas cargo.

All the countries of the world have airports and land ports to handle exports and imports of the country. Countries having coastlines also have seaports. These ports are linked by land  routes, ocean routes and air routes. Routes which connect different countries of the world are known as the international Routes. These advanced means of transport and communication have made our world shrink. Mountains and oceans are not barriers any longer.

Means of communication like post, telegraph and telephone not only provide personal; service but also contribute a lot in promoting commerce and industry. But mass media, both electronic, radio and television and print –media are extremely powerful as they transmit information, knowledge, ideals, emotions and skills by the use of symbols etc. 

Development of means of transport and communication have helped the National Integration and also increased the Human knowledge and social awakening through radio and T.V. programmes. Beside it we have to face Noise Pollution and Air Pollution which are harmful to everybody’s health. On the whole we can say that the transport and communication system is the life line of the country.


Essay No. 02


Means of Communication

Methods which are applied to send messages or information to people at individual or mass level are known as Means of Communication. Some people confuse them with means of transport which are different from these.

We know in history Ashoka, the Great, conveyed his messages of love, non-violence and ‘dharma’, that is, adherence to duty through rock edicts. Kings sent messages to each other which were written on the skin or hides of animals and the bark of trees.

The postal system in India is said to have first been introduced by Sher Shah Suri. The carriers of such post from town to town, mainly situated on the Sher Shah Suri Marg (G.T Road) which was built by him, rushed on galloping horses. During the Mughal period a crude form of telephone through which a message could be conveyed by a person in one room to a person in the adjacent room, had come into usage mainly among members of the royal family.

It was, however, during the British period in India that the modern means of communication came into full usage all over the country.

Among such means we have postcards, inland letters, stamped envelopes, foreign letters or airmail or overseas letters, speed post, courier service, telephone, telegrams, fax, fixed line telephone, cellular or mobile phone, pager, etc.

All the means mentioned above are well-known to us and all of them are used to convey messages at personal or individual level.

Now, we have means of mass communication, on which now degrees and diplomas from various universities and institutions are also available.

Some of these means of mass communication are radio, television, including cable TV, DTH, newspapers, etc. TV. programmes are now telecast all over the world through satellites.

The system of telephones which is now so popular and is spread with its area all over the world, also depends on reception through satellites. This system is known as the system of telecommunications. Information Technology which includes computers, www, Internet, etc. is also dependent on satellites. So, satellites, though themselves not a means of communication, have become a part of the system in a big way.


Essay No. 03


Means of Transport


Means of Transport are different from means of communication. Whereas the latter are concerned with conveying of messages at individual or mass level, the former relates to the means used for travelling and carrying goods from one place to another.

In earliest times when the means of transport were virtually non-existent, people had to go from one place to another on foot. They took several days, weeks, months and even years to reach their destination.

The invention of the axle gave an unprecedented fillip to the means of transport. Later, several kinds of vehicles emerged. The earliest perhaps were bullock-carts and carts drawn by dogs, reindeer and horses or oxen.

Thereafter appeared tongas, bicycles, rickshaws, autorickshaws, scooters, motorbikes, buses, trams, trains, etc. Boats and small ships probably came into usage even before buses, trains and cars. Then there came into usage trucks, jeeps, tempos, etc. Aeroplanes and helicopters emerged only in the twentieth century. The mention of different means of transport mentioned here may not necessarily be in the chronological order of their invention or usage.

At present, we have several varieties of each kind of mans of transport, such as cars, trains, aeroplanes, boats, ships, etc.

These means of transport are used to carry passengers and some of them for carrying loads. However, they or some of them are also used for war-purposes which should be discarded.


Essay No. 4


SMS Greetings


The system of sending greetings to friends and relatives on various occasions such as festivals, birthdays, marriage anniversaries, new year, etc. is quite old now.

In present times, this sending of cards costs a lot. The greeting , card is quite a costly item and, besides, the postal charges. are heavy. A  person who has to send so many messages has to spend a lot of money. 

It was perhaps for the first time that the computer-savvy Generation-X took to SMS in a big way by sending over One Crore SMS greetings on the occasion of New Year 2006. ‘

There was an unprecendent rush of SMS messages on the occasion and One crore messages were delivered on or before the New Year I’ Day while thousands more were delivered within the next few days.

This sudden popularity of the SMS greetings emerged from the fact that such greetings cost only 60 paise to Re 1 per SMS.

As reported, apart from young customers and IT guys, even the public relations companies, corporate sector, armymen and millions of cellular users all over the country used their handsets to convey their best wishes and greetings to their relatives, friends and clients.




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