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Essay on “Indian Cosmonaut In Space” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Indian Cosmonaut In Space

April 3, 1984 will be considered as red letter day in the space travel history of India. On this day our squadron leader Rakesh Sharma, a test pilot of Indian Army became the first space man of this great country. He along with two soviet men voyaged into space on Soyuz – T-II space ship which was hurled into space from Baikonur cosmodrome in the  Soviet Union. The rocket had three stages and it weighted 300 tonnes. It was blasted off into space at 6.30 p.m. (IST) on April 3, 1984.

Yuri Gagarin, the father of space flight when visited India in 1972, expressed his hope that a day would come when the family cosmonauts would be joined by a citizen of India. His hope came true after a lapse of about 22 years.

Rakesh Sharma, Malysheve and Stravkalove were  launched into orbit abroad Soyuz T- II  atop, a three stage rocket which was blasted off at 6.30 p.m. (IST) on April 3, 1984 form Baikonur in USSR. The blast was very smooth and within 9 minute , Soynz T- II was in low earth orbit at 383 kilometres. This 6820 kilogram. Spaceship  traveled at an average speed of 8 kilometers per second to dock with the already orbiting Soviet space ship Salyut – 7. This is a space station. It is a laboratory and the home for the cosmonauts of space where these three cosmonauts were to spend next seven days to carry out a number of bio- medical and science experiments.

Our worthy late Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi sent the three cosmonauts wishes on her own behalf and on the behalf of Indian nation, she said with great satisfaction, “ months of intensive planning and efforts have come out successful”

Squadron Leader Rakesh Sharma was the 138th Cosmonaut in the world. He was the 11th foreign Cosmonaut to fly with the Soviet space men. India thus in 14th country to send her cosmonaut into space in a spaceship. All the three space men orbited earth round the earth 120 times before they could return to the earth. They parachuted back on the earth on 11th April, 1984.

The three cosmonauts were given the task of docking with Salyut- 7 which they did successfully. The cosmonauts successfully carried out the job of checking the systems working within spaceship. All the controls and system worked smoothly.

Shri Rakesh Sharma carried out certain experiments into space. He conducted researches into yoga. The researches also include metallurgical and    technological surveys of the earth. He photographed about  20 per cent of the Indian territory when his spaceship passed over India while orbiting round the earth. This Indo Soviet work has given a unique opportunity to the Indian scientists to conduct some original experiments in the field of space. He brought to earth these photographs. The analysis of the photographs will enable experts to forecast hurricanes,   cyclones and dust – storms, to demonstrate the flooded areas.

On April 5,  Shirmati Indira Gandhi has a short conversation with Shri Rakesh Sharma. This conversation was televised to earth. She had a talk with other cosmonauts also. She said to them, that they had added to the scientific knowledge of the world around us and particularly the mysterious cosmic space.

The three cosmonauts were received by the governments of USSR and India. In USSR they were rewarded “ The Lenin order’ and in India they were rewarded ‘ Ashok Chakra’.


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