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Solved English Precis exercise on “Accident” 480 Words Precis for Class 10, 12 and Competitive Examination.

Solved Precis exercise on “Accident”

Before we can develop a really effective program to prevent auto accidents, we will have to learn far more than we now know about why such accidents happen. The National Safety Council, while pointing out that most accidents result from a combination of causes, and that “few accidents are investigated carefully enough to determine exactly what their underlying causes were”, estimates that in about 80% of accidents, the most important single factor is the driver himself, bad weather, poor road conditions, and defects in cars do cause some accidents, but generally speaking, such circumstances appear to be of minor significance compared with the mental and physical condition of the driver. And recent research indicates that the driver’s physical condition is of less importance than his personality and his emotional state. Many, if not most, accidents, this research suggests, are the result of wayward impulses and motivations of faulty judgments and attitudes, of poorly controlled aggressiveness and competitiveness. Nearly two-thirds of the drivers involved in fatal accidents were speeding, driving while under the influence of alcohol, disregarding stop lights or signs, or otherwise violating the law, according to the Safety Council. The pertinent question is why do people drive so fast, drive after drinking, take risks in passing or in general, and commit dangerous, careless, illegal, impulsive, or unfriendly acts when they get behind the wheel?

A small beginning has been made toward finding answers to this question. Several studies comprehensively described by Dr. Ross McFarland and his associates at Harvard’s School of Public Health have probed the personality and emotional characteristics of so-called accident-prove drivers and discovered such traits as the emotional instability, impulsiveness, suggestibility, excitability, lack of proper sense of social responsibility, aggressiveness and intolerance of authority. Although fault may be found with the quality of this research in terms of controls and other safeguards, it may prove provocation enough to lead to sounder efforts. “A man drives as he lives,” says Dr. Tillman and Hobbs in an article in the American Journal of Psychiatry. “If his personal life is marked by cautious tolerance, foresight, and consideration for others, then he will drive in the same way. If his personal life is devoid of these desirable characteristics, then his driving will be characterized by aggressiveness and over a long period of time, he will have a higher accident rate than his more stable companions.” The trouble will the first part of this statement is that no human being is, at all times, cautious, tolerant, foresighted, and considerate of others. Even though we may be exemplary persons most of the time, there are certain moments, or longer periods, in the lives of all of us when we become temporarily impulsive, aggressive, or otherwise emotionally off-balance. If we happen to be driving during one of these episodes – and if external circumstances favor an accident – then an accident is likely to occur.

Solved Precis:-

Title:- Accident

Accidents occur due to a lack of driving sense of driver, bad weather, poor road conditions, and defects in cars. Physical condition, personality, and emotional state are the major causes of accidents. Major personality and emotional characteristics of driver are emotional instability, impulsiveness, excitability, lack of proper sense of social responsibility, aggressiveness, and intolerance of authority.

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