Home » Paragraph Writing » Paragraph on “What is Skin and Sweating” complete paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12

Paragraph on “What is Skin and Sweating” complete paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12

What is Skin and Sweating

Skin is an elastic and waterproof outer layer covering of our body, it protects our body from bacteria and is sensitive to heat, cold and pain. Skin is wear resistant since it constantly renews itself by replacing the upper layer with fresh cells from below. Yet the thickness of the skin can vary from place to place on our body, it may be thin on our eyelids and thick on the soles of our feet.

Skin is made up of two layers. The outer layer is called the Epidermis and the inner layer is called Dermis. The epidermis is porous and contains a chemical called Melanin which gives the skin it’s colour. The dermis contains sweat glands, hair roots, blood vessels and nerve ends which give us sensation. When we get injured internally on any part of our body it results in a blue bruise because the blood vessel under the skin is damaged and blood has seeped out of it into the skin tissue, giving it a blue appearance.

When the skin is damaged externally it results in a wound. Blood vessels in the dermis carry out repair by preventing bacteria from invading the body and cells in the skin called fibroblasts begin the formation of new tissue. In the epidermis, cells begin to multiply and fill the gap by forming a new layer of skin.

Our bodies maintain a constant temperature of about 98° Farenheit. There are occasions when the inner temperatures rise because of excessive exercise etc or the outer atmospheric temperature becomes too high. On such occasions the blood vessels in the skin expand thus allowing the heat from the blood to escape into the air. Tiny drops of water, called sweat, are produced by the sweat glands and they flow out of the pores in the skin thus reducing body temperature by evaporation. When one feels cold, the hairs in the skin become erect thus trapping a layer of air around them, preventing heat loss.


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