Home » Paragraph Writing » Paragraph on “Great Medical Discoveries ” complete paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12

Paragraph on “Great Medical Discoveries ” complete paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12

Great Medical Discoveries 


ANATOMIST was Andreas Vesalius who taught in an Italian university and wrote the greatest ‘book in the history of science, it was called ‘De Corporis Humani Fabrica’ (On the Structure of the human Body).

BLOOD CIRCULATION WAS DISCOV-ERED BY an English doctor called William Harvey and the findings were published in 1628. PASTEURISATION WAS DISCOVERED BY a chemist called Louis Pasteur in 1866. His idea of heating perishables to kill germs was called pasteurisation. In 1885 he was able to find a cure for rabies.

X-RAYS WERE DISCOVERED BY a German physicist called Wilhelm Roentgen in 1895.

FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE started the first school in London for training nurses and improving the standards of nursing. ANAESTHETICS WERE FIRST USED in surgery in 1842 when an American doctor called Crawford Long extracted a tumour. However Laughing gas had been tested for this purpose much earlier by Humphry Davy.

ANTISEPTIC (Carbolic acid) was first used in 1865 by Joseph Lister for preventing infection during and after surgery.

THE FIRST ARTIFICIAL LIMPS were first devised by a French surgeon called Ambroise Pare in the sixteenth century.

BACTERIA were first discovered by a Dutchman called Anton van Leeuwenhoek in the year 1683?

SCIENTIFIC MEDICINE was first prac-ticed by the Greek doctor Hippocrates around 400 B.C.

THE STETHOSCOPE was invented by a French doctor called Rene Laennec in 1816.

MOUTH THERMOMETER was first designed in 1615 by an Italian doctor called Santorio.

A CURE FOR SCURVY WAS DISCOVERED BY a Scottish doctor called James Lind in 1747 when he found that eating fruit prevented it. As a result of this fruit or lemon juice was included in the meals of sailors.

VACCINATION against Small Pox was discovered by an English doctor Edward Jenner in 1796 when he found that a person vaccinated with the bacteria of cowpox never developed smallpox.

MARIE AND PIERRE CURIE were French scientists who discovered the element Radium and it’s capabilities to cure Cancer.

A CURE FOR TUBERCULOSIS was discovered by the German scientist Robert Koch in 1883. He was awarded the Nobel prize for it.

POLIO VACCINE was first success-fully produced by the American microbiolo-gist Jonas Salk in 1952. The vaccine so produced was unable to cause polio but was able to produce antibodies which prevented the occurrence of polio.

SIGMUND FREUD was an Austrian psychiatrist who founded the technique called psychoanalysis. With which he treated pa-tients with mental disorders.

HEART TRANSPLANT was first, suc-cessfully, carried out by Dr.Christiaan Barnard, a South African surgeon, on 3rd December 1967.

CHOLERA AND BUBONIC PLAGUE bacteria were first discovered by the German scientist Robert Koch.



The main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *