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Essay on “The Aim of Education” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

The Aim of Education

3 Best Essay on “The Aim of Education”

Essay No. 01

In ancient India, education was given in gurukuls. There the pupils were taught on an equality basis, irrespective of the social or economic position of the pupil: These children were given not only the knowledge of the Vedas and other scriptures but also training of practical things of life such as arts, sciences, etc. for instance, archery and other martial arts, etc.

Later, it came to be believed that the only aim of education was to broaden the horizons of the mind and that it had nothing to do with jobs and employment skills. The result was that students who got degrees knew no skills and found it hard to get absorbed in any of the industrial units and other business concerns – Even those who had got science degrees knew things only theoretically and had no knowledge of the practical way of life.

In the present era, people have got awakened to reality. They feel that the capacity to make the receiver or holder of degree or diploma in any field find a suitable job or profession should be the primary aim of education. In many competitive examinations, degrees are only token marks for entrance tests for services in government or private concerns.

Thus degrees stand delinked virtually since these are now mostly the competitive examination tests which are the deciding factors in the matter of selection for jobs. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and State Commissions have long been following this policy but other concerns and government departments have also now started following it.

Therefore, it can be said with emphasis what President APJ Abdul Kalam stressed while releasing the UGC logo that education without enabling the student concerned to be able to find a job after its completion must be considered meaningless.


Essay No. 02


The Aim of Education

THE main aim of education is the all-round development of a student. Its purpose is to develop a student into a full, whole and integrated person. Thus, the objectives to be achieved through education and training are many and comprehensive. Education helps in achieving and developing skills, abilities, insights and scientific temper. Besides the literary and aesthetic appeal of education, there are utilitarian aspects as well and they are equally important. Education aims at developing and bringing out the best of a student’s inner personality, without neglecting the outer and material aspects. Education also means that students are made capable of standing on their own feet, to earn their bread and butter. An educated person is supposed to face the challenges of life bravely and successfully. No person can be called properly educated if he or she fails in making a meaningful contribution to the society and country.

The purpose of education is to strike a proper balance between inner and outer emotional and practical aspects of one’s personality and life. If it is not done, it will result in an imbalanced development of a personality. It should help in the flowering of both the spiritual and physical potentialities. All-round development means the growth and development of mind, spirit and body. All these are integral and interdependent aspects of one’s personality. It only means that there should be integrated development and none of these aspects should be neglected. Man is emotional as well as rational and both these aspects should be properly developed so as to form parts of an integrated and organic whole. The development of the one at the expense of the other will result in disaster. Man is neither a thinking machine nor a heap of emotions; he is not a bundle of flesh and bones If one is guided simply by emotions, one’s vision is bound to be distorted. Similarly, if one goes by reason alone then one would be a mere thinking robot.

The main task of education is to produce useful, intelligent, patriotic, emotionally integrated, morally strong, cultured, scientifically tempered and healthy young men and women. In short, the aim and objective of education should be proper integration and harmony between feeling, thinking and doing. Education should produce people properly adjusted with the rhythm of life, and this cannot be achieved unless there is a much-desired adjustment between rhythms of mind and heart in the individual.

One of the primary aims of education is to develop character. Now, the character is a very comprehensive term and means not only a pattern of behaviour of an individual but also moral strength, mental presence, self-discipline, fortitude, reputation, etc. Most of our modern problems have their origin in our lack of strong moral character. The modern age has been suffering from a crisis of character. If the character of the people is improved, many of the problems would take care of themselves. If the character of the people of a country is strong, it will be very easy to overcome any crisis, however great. It is said that if the character is lost, everything is lost. What makes a man, really a man in the true sense of the term, is his character. Without character a man is nothing but a beast, a mere organism, just existing selfishly without any values and ethical sense. According to a poet, “Sow a habit and you reap a character. Sow a character, and you reap a destiny.” Thus, the men of character are the men of destiny. Only those with strong moral characters have the capabilities to control and guide the destinies of nations and the world. Mahatma Gandhi was such a man of character and so also a man of destiny. So were Gokhale, Tilak, Rajendra Babu, Vivekananda and Subhash Bose. The aim of education should be to make our students follow in the footsteps of these men of strong character and destiny.

The education imparted in our schools, colleges and universities should be such as to mould the personalities of the students, to enable them to face the realities of life with courage and confidence. In this context, the valuable concept of Basic Education championed by Mahatma Gandhi comes to mind. Basic education means that it should be based on work experience. It should not be theoretical and isolated but intimately related to a student’s social and family background and relevant to the needs of the society. Work and training should form an integral part of education and not be an isolated activity. It should aim at producing artisans, craftsmen, doctors, engineers, technicians, teachers and other such professionals who may set up their own workshops, factories, mills, dispensaries, schools, etc. and also fill up the vacant posts advertised by the government and other agencies. It only means that education should be work and employment-oriented. The essence of education and training lies in the removal of unemployment by producing skilled, talented and well-trained personnel and professionals. One of the main purposes of education should be to equip the people with the means to face the problem of unemployment. No education worth its name can divert itself from the responsibility of providing suitable careers to people. This utilitarian aspect of education is as important as that of emotional and spiritual development. Education should also aim at achieving national integration and generation of a stronger sense of unity and oneness among the people. In a country such as India, with such diversity, it becomes all the more vital. Every educated man and woman in India should be imbued with the sense of pride and honour for our common heritage, culture and history. It is this oneness of culture and heritage that has always stood us in good stead in times of crisis and catastrophe as a nation. Whether it was the Chinese aggression, Pakistani attacks or any other crisis, the whole nation rose like one to face it successfully. The cultural and emotional integration, effected through true and purposeful education, can very easily effect the singleness of purpose, leading to desired results.

The developed and advanced countries like Japan, Canada, France, Germany, America, etc. are so because they have been continuously investing heavily in education for the last many years. This clearly shows that education is an essential investment and input to realise the optimum output. The long term returns and benefits of investment in education, training and human resource development have been quite phenomenal, as is evident from the fantastic growth and development of these nations. Obviously, a purposeful education makes human resources and capital far ‘more dividend-paying than it would be otherwise. Good moral character, scientific temper, self-dependence, patriotism, social and environmental awareness, singleness of purpose, secular and broad outlook, fortitude and sense of human values, like compassion, truth, peace, non-violence, and charity, are some other aspects of education.


Aims of Education

Essay No. 03

The aim of education is to achieve the first-rate and the method to get at it is to study humanities. There is no use going through the lessons without keeping this aim in view. Passing the examinations and satisfying the teachers may be incidental objectives. There are many fields of education and man may desire to achieve excellence in all the fields but man’s energies are limited. So it is not possible to achieve excellence in all the departments. Still, the departments in which it is to be achieved are many. In professional education people often achieve the first-rate because, in that branch, one has a clear idea of it. Apart from it, a sense of significance and belief in quality in vocational education help them to achieve it. But an educated person must know about it in creative and intellectual activities. These activities are important and can often become worse, so it is necessary to know the excellent.


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