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Essay on “Socio-economic justice- An unfulfilled dream of India” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Socio-economic justice- An unfulfilled dream of India


India is a country with a developing economy where a vast majority of the people is living at a subsistence level.  And Political Social and economic justices are mentioned first and the political aspect comes third in order of preference.  This in itself indicates that the makers of our constitution realized the significance of these vital aspects of Justice.  Social the preamble to the Constitution of India stresses the importance of “Justice-Social, Economic Justice is a phrase with different connotations in different countries and under different economists and sociologists.  In developing countries under a democratic structure, social justice means, about everything else, distributive justice or a broadly egalitarian socio-economic order. The state of affairs in almost every field is pitiable.  The country has not been able to achieve total literacy even after more than half a decade of her independence.  We have a surplus stock of food grains to this extent that the god owns are overflow with stocks and millions of tons get spoiled for want of storage every year, but a good number of our population still die of hunger and do not get water to drink. The biggest problem in this regard is that whosoever rides the saddle to power, through a mandate of people, turns, hostile to the problems of the poor and looks to his own selfish ends and raising the standard of living of his own relations and friends.

The Indian business community has, by and large, yet to reconcile itself to the concept of economic growth with social justice.  It stands for assigning higher priority to economic growth than to equitable distribution.  While not wholly opposed to States participation in the Industrial development, it is against large-scale nationalization of trade and industry.  According to the industrialists and right-wing economists, the primary need of the country is higher production.

The Indian business community has, by and large, yet to reconcile itself to the concept of economic growth with social justice. .All of them does no suit neither the students nor the society for which they are going to be prepared.  The hue and cry about the curricula and pattern of examinations is so great that some people consider it the real bane of the system and every time when there is a revising of text books and the curricula, the changes worsen the position and do not solve the main problem. It is generally felt that the authorities pay inadequate attention to the problems and are not able to see through the psychologies of the students and the environment for which they are going to be trained and this general carelessness has cost the country heavily.

In India a number of steps have been taken to liquidate unjust privileges, institutions and practices and fairly ambitious development plans have been implemented.  But both from the standpoints of economic growth and social justice the results have been disappointing.  The economy of the country is bedeviled by black-marketers, smugglers, tax evaders, hoarders and corrupt bureaucracy.  Monopoly houses are as firmly entrenched in their positions as ever before.  The Government is compelled by continuously rising prices of essential consumer goods to divert part of its funds for development to finance its administrative expenditure in the form of higher emoluments for its employees.

The government has taken a number of steps to remove the basic causes of inequality.  The abolition of the princely order and the liquidation of the Zamindari and Jagirdari systems constitute landmark in the history of the country towards equality.  In a democratic State feudal practices had no place.  Land reforms have been enacted to provide security of tenure to tenants.  In pursuance of its objective of eradicating poverty and creating a classless society, the government contemplates enacting two most significant reforms- ceilings on land and ceilings on the urban property. 

Development with social justice means to achieve full employment, abolish poverty, disease and ignorance, wipe out all forms of exploitation, produce more and better for public consumption, build cheap and durable houses in millions for the poor and establish a network of schools and hospitals to eliminate ignorance and disease.  Then only can but dream of Mahatma Gandhi of building a free India, both politically and economically be fulfilled.  Statistics of higher production and greater national income do not tell the whole story.  The test of economic growth must be more concrete- happiness of the common man, happiness of the masses throughout the length and breadth of the country.


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