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Essay on “National Youth Day-January 12” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

National Youth Day

(January 12)

Swami Vivekananda’s birth day, January 12th is being celebrated as National Youth Day, every year. He was the chief disciple of  Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and the founder of Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission. Vivekananda was the first known Hindu Swami to go to the West, where he introduced Eastern thought at the world Parliament of Religions, in connection with the world fair in Chicago in 1893.

He stands as a role model for generations in various respects. His works are the living models of ideas and his knowledge is an inspiration for the youth to achieve greater things in life. The objective of this day is to spread his knowledge and literature to society, to build good characters and true citizens of the Nation.

Biography of Swami Vivekananda

Narendranath Dutta (Vivekananda) was born is Shimla Pally, Kolkata, West Bengal, India on January 12 , 1863 as the son of Viswanath Dutta and Bhuvaneswari Devi. He showed a precocious mind and keen memory when he was young,. He practiced meditation at an early age. While at School, he was    good at studies, as well as at games of various kinds.

In 1879, Narendra entered the Presidency College, Kolkata for higher studies. After one year, he joined the Scottish Church College, Calcutta and had studied philosophy.  During the course, he studied western logic, philosophy and history of European nations.

He was the first Indian to be invited to accept the chair of Oriental Philosophy at Harvard University. Vivekananda Vidyapith Academy of Indian Phiulosophy and culture in NJ. USA, is named after him. The Swami Vivekananda international Convention Centre, inaugurated in April 2005 in Pailles, Mauritius, is also named after him. He died at the age of 39 on July 4 1902 at Belur Math near Kolkata.  

Vivekananda advice to Youth

“Supreme value of youth is incalculable and indescribable. Youth is the most precious part o human life. The way in which you utilize this period will decide the nature of the coming years that lie ahead of you. Your happiness, success, honor and good name all depend upon the way in which you like now, in the period.”

“This wonderful period of the first state of your life is related to you as the soft we t clay in the hands of a potter. Skillfully the potter gives it the right and correct shapes and forms, which he intends to give. You can wisely mould your life, character, physical health and strength; you make up your mind to do in any way.”

“When you talk of success with reference to life, it does not merely mean succeeding in everything that you undertake or do; it does not merely mean succeeding in fulfilling all wants or getting whatever you desire; it does not just mean acquiring a name or attaining a position or imitating fashionable ways, appearing modern  up-to date. The essence of true success is what you make of yourself. It is the conduct that you develop, it is the character that you cultivate and it is the type of person you become. This is the central meaning of successful living.”

Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports

The Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports was originally set up as the Department of Sports in 1982 at the time of organization of the IX Asian Games in New Delhi. Its name was changed of the Department of Youth Affairs & Sports during celebration of the international Youth Year, 1985. It became a ministry on 27 May 2000.

 Aims and objectives

The youth, i.e., those falling within the age group of 15 years constitute nearly 40% of the total population of India. The population. , constitute potentially its most precious human recourse. To optimally tap their productive and innovative energies ministry pursue the twin objectives of personality building nation building, i.e., developing  the personality of your nation building, i.e., developing the personality of you  involving them in a range of nation – building activates.     

The role of the Government is to create the infrastructure at sponsor capacity building for broad- basing sports as well as  achieving excellence in various competitive events at the and international levels. The ministry ‘s schemes are geared tower achieving these objectives.

Details of Services

The ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports provides help at assistance to the following under various schemes;

1.The Youth and the adolescents, Non- Government Organizations / Voluntary Organizations/ Association

2.Nehru Yuva Kendras (NYKS)  and the youth club/ mahi mandals affiliated to National Service Scheme (NSS) Volunteers and it’s various Regional centers.

  1. State / UT Government
  2. Sports persons, their coaches and supporting personnel
  3. Sports Authority of India
  4. India Olympic Association
  5. Commonwealth Games and Asian Games
  6. National Sports Federations / State Sports Association Bodies/ international Sport Bodies
  7. Various Ministries/ Departments of Central / State Governments

National Youth Policy

The Youth in India have always been in the forefront. Be it in our struggle for freedom or our quest for development, youth have played a fundamental role. The National Youth Policy was adopted in 1988 and various schemes were introduced to  cater to the needs of youth. These schemes aimed not only on the personality and skill development of youth, but also endeavoured to involve  them in community based nation- building activities so that they could become catalysts of change and development.

The New National Youth Policy recognizes four thrust areas namely,  Youth Empowerment, Gender Justice, a Multi Sectoral Approach and emphasis on information and Research Networks. It has identified the key areas of youth concern like education, training and employment, health , environment, recreation and sports, art and culture, civics and citizenship, science and technology so that attention could be focused on these areas. The new Youth Policy also endeavors to attach precedence to the needs of the underprivileged and marginalized.

Youth Empowerment

Youth empowerment is an attitudinal, structural , and cultural process whereby young people gain the ability, authority , and agency to make decisions and implement change in their own lives and in the lives of other people , including youth and adults.

The major thrust of our new National Youth Policy is Youth Empowerment. This is being achieved through various initiatives taken by both the Government and Non- Governmental Organizations.

The reduction of the minimum voting age from 21 to 18 in the year 1989 and a legislative measure taken in 1992 providing for reservation of one third of the seats to women in the village administrative units called Panchayats have enabled young men and women to influence the decision – making process in the country. Youth Participation in the decision – making bodies has been considerably enhanced by these decisions.

It has been rightly recognized that access to education and training has to be amplified so that youth can develop their competencies. The National Policy of Education (NPE) 1986, has provided for designing both formal and non- formal education programmes involving youth.

Objectives of the Policy

The objectives of the National Youth Policy are:

1.to instill in youth, the secular principles and values enshrined in the Constitution of India, with unswerving commitment to patriotism, National Security, National integration, Non- violence and Social Justice;

  1. to develop Qualities of Citizenship and dedication to community Service amongst6 all sections of the youth;
  2. to promote awareness amongst the youth, in the fields of Indian history and heritage, arts and culture; to provide the youth with proper educational and training opportunities and to facilitate access to information in respect of employment opportunities and to other servies.
  3. to facilitate access, for all sections of the youth, to health information and services and to promote a social environment.
  4. to create an international perspective in the youth and to involve them in promoting peace and understanding and the establishment of a just global economic order;

Responsibilities of Youth

The Policy exhorts the youth to fulfill their responsibilities, as are enumerated below:

1. To contribute to sectoral, family and self development and to promote social and inter- generation understanding and gender equality. 

2. To extend respect to teachers and elders, parents and the family in consonance with our cultural norms and traditions.

3. To uphold the unity and integrity of the Nation, maintain peace and harmony, observe Fundamental Duties and respect the Fundamental Rights and Freedoms guaranteed under the Constitution to all sections of the people. 

4. To respect others faiths and beliefs in the religious, cultural and social spheres and to different schools of thought and to neither exploit nor be instrumental in the exploitation of fellow citizens and other persons, especially women.

5. To promote appropriate standards of ethical conduct in individual and social life, to maintain honesty and integrity of character and be committed to fight against all forms of corruption, social evils and practices.

Opportunities for Youth

Efforts are being made to provide youth with many opportunities to develop their skills, capabilities, personality and become good citizens of the country. Youth in India today, are much more sensitized than before and there is a growing demand for recognition of their rights.

Students are encouraged to take up programmes on education, health, community   services etc. on a voluntary basis through their participation in  schemes like the National Service Scheme, National Cadet Corps and Bharat Scouts and Guides etc.  Student youth of these organizations participate in the  nation building process, taking up special programmes on literacy. HIV/AIDS, drug abuse, environment enrichment etc. in addition to these schemes, we also have a number of student youth associations and youth wings, who also have a number of student youth associations and youth wings, who also take part in nation building activates.

Like wise, the not – student youth in the villages are mobilized through the network of Youth Clubs affiliated to the Nehru Yuva Kendras. It is estimated that about 8 million youth are participating in various activates through over one- lack sixty thousands youth clubs of the Nehru Yuva Kendras. In addition , India is fortunate to host of Non Governmental Organizations, to support youth programmes.

The government of India has launched schemes to promote Adventure, National Integration, provide assistance for training of youth in skill development etc. it also supports the Youth Hostel Movement. There are 50 Youth Hostels already functional in the country, motivating young people to travel to places of historical, cultural and educational interest.

To encourage training, research, guidance and documentation for youth work and programmes, a national level apex agency, Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development has been established at Sriperumpudur near  Chennai to act as an agency for youth programmes, policies and implementation strategies.


 Leadership, discipline and citizenship cannot develop automatically nor these qualities be acquired once character is formed. These qualities have been inculcated by proper training during the impressionable year of youth. Vivekananda advised the youth to move forward. His words were: “Arise, Awake and stop not till the goal is reached”.

Great leaders and philosophers have expressed that the plight of the country can be changed only by making its youth become sensitive to the problems to the nation. Sincere, strong and vigorous youth, as Swami Vivekananda   considered, are the backbones of nation. Swamiji had unlimited faith in the youth. The nation’s youth are is most precious and latent resource. It is necessary to organize them and channelize their energies towards desirable goals for national development. 


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