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Essay on “Mercy Killing” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Mercy Killing

Euthanasia means as an action which aims at taking the life of another at the latter’s expressed request. It concerns an action of which death is the purpose and the result. This definition applies only to voluntary euthanasia and excludes the non-voluntary or involuntary euthanasia, the killing of a patient without the patient’s knowledge or consent. Some call this ‘life-terminating treatment’.

Euthanasia can be either active or passive. Passive euthanasia allows one to die by withholding or withdrawing life supporting means. This is a tricky area because ordinary and  extraordinary means of supporting life  some into the picture. Ordinary means such as nutrition and hydration are never to be withheld since they are one’s basic right in order to survive. However, one is not obliged to use extraordinary or ‘disproportionate’ means to sustain life. Due to complexity , each situation needs to be looked at individually when discussing extraordinary means. However, as a rule, one can discontinue ‘ medical procedures that are burdensome, dangerous, extraordinary, or disproportionate to the expected outcome.’ One cannot intent death by withdrawing or withholding treatment, but should , however, obey god and let one die a natural death. To withdraw a treatment as a condition worsens is letting one die and not a direct killing. In this case, it is the disease that is killing and not the one who withdraws the treatment.

Active euthanasia or ‘mercy killing’ is the direct intentional killing of a patient with either their consent (voluntary) without their consent when impossible (non-voluntary). Advocates of this murder have covered their ears to the command of the Lord: thou shall not kill ! The goal is to eliminate or relieve suffering by an evil means of death. Many patients’ are in immense suffering and may be led to choose death as the answer by these’ doctors’, friends or relatives. The culpability for the patient, in these cases may be lessened, but, this act of killing can never be justified.

These patients, whether having an incurable disease, being elderly, or suffering in other ways, are crying out for help and love. Palliative care, not death, is the answer. Medical personnel , friends and family must reach out and comfort the afflicted. Suffering and pain is manageable, especially today, with so many medicines and treatments available. Pain killers can be   prescribed as long as there is no danger or intention of death. Consciousness of the patient is strongly encouraged, so that if dying, one may prepare to accept to meet God.

We cannot do  whatever to our bodies, since they are not our own. God made us and knows what we need here on earth, so that we, someday , may enter into eternity. If Christ endured immense suffering, then why do we expect any less? We are called to be imitations of Christ and to share in His Passion. Is my life really mine? ‘If we live , we are responsible to the Lord, and when we die we are responsible to the Lord. Both in life and death we belong to the Lord. God has a plan and each human person having an eternal destiny has a dignity. God , being the author of life, alone has the right to create and destroy life. No human person has this right to take innocent human life, no matter how ne tires to justify it. Thou shall not kill is still a command and not a suggestion, as many seem to believe.

There are many reasons why Euthanasia is gravely immoral some of which have already been discussed. Suffering has many benefits , especially suffering, in the last days of one’s life. In addition to sharing in Christ’s Passion, one may find peace in God, reconciliation with family and friends and acceptance of death. One also may be undergoing temporal punishment here  are many benefits and advantages to suffering. However in a pragmatic society as ours, we tend to look past the positives and see only the negative side. This type of reasoning has led many to see death as the answer suffering, regardless of the consequences.

Euthanasia whether active or passive is immoral and contrary to God’s law within passive euthanasia, what is considered extraordinary means of sustaining life may not always be clear, but ordinary means such as hydration and nutrition must be provided. We must look past the suffering in this world and look towards eternal home with God. As humans we cannot always see the answers and for that reason, is not we to decide about the death of a human being. God has not given us authority. We must also ask ourselves   concerning euthanasia; where will it end: we allow the elderly or incurable to be assisted in suicide, what other groups will give the ‘right’ will the handicapped or mentally retarded be next? Will teenage who are the leading age group of suicide; also have the ‘right to die’?

The answer rests in our hands. If we continue to disrespect human life and its creator, god, then well destroy ourselves. A right is a moral claim and since we do not have a claim on  death which itself has a claim on us, we cannot act for  the right we don’t have. Mother Teresa was right when she said that ‘if a mother can kill her own child,  is there to stop you and me from killing each other? There is no way to stop culture of death, unless, we get back to God’s law and speak our, boldly against horrors and injustices of the day!

We must be wary of those who are too willing to end the lives of the elderly and the ill. If we ever decide that a poor quality of life justifies ending that life have taken a step down a slippery slope that places all of us in danger. There difference between allowing nature to take its course and actively assisting the call for euthanasia surfaces in our society periodically, as it is doing now the guise of ‘death with dignity’ or assisted suicide. Euthanasia is a concept, it seems to me that am in direct conflict with a religious and ethical tradition in which the human race is presented with a blessing and a curse, life and death, and we are instructed.

I believe ‘euthanasia’ lies outside the commonly held life centered valued to the west and cannot be allowed without incurring great, social and personal tragedy. This is not merely an intellectual conundrum. This issue involves actual human beings at risk.


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