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Essay on “International Terrorism” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

International Terrorism

The biggest threat that the nation-state is facing today, flows out of terrorism which is widespread geographically and diverse ideologically. Modern terrorism thrives on its ability to hit where it hurts the most. While the hallmark of the earlier terrorists was that they wanted a lot of people watching and not a lot of people dead, modern terrorist see death and destruction as an  end in itself. Old terrorists sought to change the world, as they were fired by apocalyptic vision. The practitioners of modern terrorism believe the world is beyond redemption. Irish terrorists, the Italian and Japanese Red Brigades, the Baader-Meinhoff gang in Germany, Islamic and Jewish fundamentalists have all sought to spread their ideology by the sword.

“Terrorists’ Machine – gun fire has interrupted the prayers of dozens of worshippers and cut short the journey of bus, rail and air passengers. Dozens of countries are bleeding from terrorism of one hue or another. Terrorists based on South  and West Asia have spilled blood in far- off lands – the streets of Buenos Aires, New York, Nairobi, Dar-e-Salaam and Moscow. No one seems to be safe from the hideous ugly death.

At present Terrorism is defined as violence against innocent citizens to secure political ends. It is the tool used by groups seeking to force a government to yield on political issues. Attacking the citizens is the means by which the population is terrorized. This makes the government look helpless and incompetent. The citizens’ pressure builds up and in due course the government capitulates and seeks to come to terms with the terrorists. The Legitimacy of the government is then questioned by the citizens. The political cost of not being able to protect the citizens on the one hand , and the failure to tackle the terrorist threat on the other, is quite heavy.

While Islam has been projected by the fundamentalists as a religion of compassion, justice and equality, the likes of bin Laden and Chechen warlords like Basayev  and Khattab have sought to project Islam as an emblem of defiance, intolerance and crude militancy.

Crime and politics having become two- dies of the same coin, the well – being of the citizen is relegated to a secondary status. In this confused perception of security the terrorist ahs a ready field to exploit. The relationship between the citizen and the state having snapped, terrorists targets the citizens with greater violence and in the least expected places. There is a limit to the security the state can provide on its own. It needs the citizen to the security chain due to his disillusionment with the state of governance. A military apparatus cannot be the glue which binds the citizen and the state in a security relationship.

The Hijackers are classified as terrorists. It is a different form of warfare. Terrorists use violence to create an atmosphere of fear. They choose soft targets and adopt extreme positions. The typical terrorist would be around 20/25 years. Often, the terrorist is a male but young women too have played a prominent role as we see in the cases  of Palestinians and the Tamil Tigers of Sri Lanka. He or she would be single and comes mostly from the lower middle class.             

Terrorist have been called urban guerillas because they have adopted the tactics of guerilla warface. Because the word “terrorist” connotes mindless violence. They prefer to describe themselves as “militants”. Public property, political, police officers, diplomats, business executives and other prominent personalities are their targets. Those who take to terrorism are self- conscious and suffer form a sense of injustice.

Their objectives are : a) to publicize the existence of a given group. This explains why a particular group will inform the media about its involvement in a terrorist act immediately after the act. b) Gain public attention and sympathy for the cause. C) Gain acceptance of the moral justification of their otherwise inhuman actions,

The terrorist would be fearless and ruthless because he is fired by the thought that any act, be it killing of innocent civilians or destruction of public property or holy places to achieve the goals set by his group, is justified. He is totally intolerant of any other point of view but its own. The terrorist has  a tunnel vision that every other idea is wrong and is ready to die for his cause.

Cognizance of international terrorism was taken up by the world community as early as in 1934, a ‘Convention for suppression of unlawful seizure of air- craft’ was held at Tokyo, in 1970, another convention was held at the Hague, and again in 1971 another convection was held at Montreal. All those convections proved ineffective. Even those countries which are already victims of terrorism are not prepared to take any collective action. So the victim country ahs to protect itself against  terrorism. Since India has become vulnerable to terrorism, a separate force on the lines of Border Security Force, needs to be developed to deal with terrorism in all its aspect. This force should be independent and self contained. It should be equipped with modern weapons, transport and communication system. It should be empowered to take decisions and action on its own.

The best way to handle terrorism is not to yield. The terrorist loses interest once he is convinced his method is not going to succeed. He may cause fear and panic but many of his goals would be defeated. The media must stop glamorizing the terrorist and tell the public the truth- that the terrorist is a criminal.


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