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Essay on “Energy Crisis in India” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Energy Crisis in India

Energy crisis and finding a viable solution for it constitutes an important contemporary debate in India today. Energy crisis has a great bearing on all socioeconomic development of a country and its sovereignty Indo-US nuclear deal trans-country pipelines and aggressive policy of securing petroleum fields in different parts of the worlds can be seen in light of the energy crisis.

India is not the stand alone case facing energy crisis. The world on the whole is facing energy crisis. Energy intense economies of the developed world copied with increasing demand from rapidly developing countries such as India, China, Brazil is responsible for huge increase in demand.

Decrease of petroleum productions in traditional oil producing counties such as Saudi Arabia along with political instabilities in countries like Iraq, Iran and Nigeria has led to scenario where demand outstrips the supply.

In India, there are number of factors which led to the Situation of energy crisis. There has been sharp rise in the consumption of energy in India since the last decade of 20th century The year 1991 unleashed the forces of liberalization, privatization sector and accompanying rise in energy tidal energy etc. These resources have failed to fill the gap of demand and supply of energy due to variety of reasons. Hydroelectricity is a cheap source of energy but is inflexible in terms of location.

There are many social and environmental concerns such as displacement of tribal’s, submergence of forests are associated with hydroelectricity. Other renewable energy resources such as solar power, geo-thermal, tidal power are in nascent Stage of development and are commercially unviable.

Non-renewable energy forms major chunk of total energy resources of the country. Coal oil or gas fired power Stations produce electricity. Petroleum derivatives are used in transportation sector. Problem with nor renewable energy is that India has to import a major portion of petroleum products as it is not naturally endowed with them in sufficient quantum. Soaring international prices of crude oil entails heavy outflow of foreign exchange and there is omnipresence of energy insecurity in the event of disruption in supply.

Nuclear energy is being offered as panacea for energy crisis being faced by India. Nuclear energy is location independent sources of energy i.e. an unclear reactor can be set in any locality to supply electricity. Further nuclear fuel is cheaper than the petroleum. India has gained a considerable expertise in the development and harnessing of nuclear energy.

India’s nuclear programme is three Stage programmes which encompasses the use of vast thorium reserves in the county. Nuclear energy is seen to be capable of bridging the gap between the demand and supply of energy in India. Of late, the nuclear energy programme faced problem of no availability of natural uranium for rapid expansion of nuclear energy in country. Natural uranium occurs in small quantities in India.

IndoUS unclear deal should be seen in light of the projected benefits of nuclear energy July 18 deal envisages that US will cooperate with India for the development of civilian nuclear technology and use its good offices to ensure NSG rules are modified in a way so that India would be able to receive natural uranium as well as advanced nuclear technologies for civilian use. The deal in turn obliges India to demarcate its civilian as well as military establishment under IAEA regime.

Former Honourable President Kalam has released a road map for achieving the energy security for the nation. He visualizes important contribution by hydroelectric power and nuclear power for the attainment of energy security. He also gives emphasis on conventional source as well as renewable sources of energy such as wind power for energy security of the country.

The Government of India has been pursuing other avenues also in order to achieve energy security. Government has entered into the agreements with countries like Qatar and Iran to improve the position.

ONGC Videsh limited is actively investing in overseas petroleum fields by acquiring stakes farming partnerships with different multinational consortium to secure hydrocarbons for the country.

Whole India is actively trying to achieve energy security at Various international levels. It is imperative that already energy infrastructure should be upgraded and made efficient. National grid system should be able to provide electricity generated out of hydel potential in Himalayas to plains of India. And wind powered electricity from coastal areas to interiors. In other Words, country should be capable of transporting energy access regions to energy deficit regions of the country.

There should be greater emphasis on renewable sources of energy. Government should provide funds for research and development of commercially viable methods of harnessing renewable sources of energy. India being a tropical country offers a great potential of solar energy and total energy Government should subsidies solar equipments as it has do for solar cooker.

Decentralized HEP and wind power are the commercially Viable resources of renewable energy in India today. Small hydroelectric power project made built to satisfy the energy needs of surrounding villages’ offers a solution for the electrification of rural areas in mountainous regions. Wind power is already a major source of energy.

State of  Tamilnadu, Maharashtra and Gujarat have taken lead in this sector. Government should encourage this private sector imitative by providing the required infrastructure at war footing. So that estimate potential can be harnessed private sector participation should be encourage this private sector imitative by providing the required infrastructure at war footing. So that estimate potential can be harnessed private sector participation should be encouraged.

National policy on electricity now provides that private units can have their own captive power plants and can even sell the surplus electricity to interested buyers. Government needs to provide tax incentives such as rebate in various taxes in order to achieve active private sector participation in energy generation.

Ethanol and Bio-diesel are the latest buzzwords in debates on energy crisis in India. Ethanol is produced from sugarcane and is mixed with petrol. Countries such as Brazil and USA are already using ethanol on large scale. Uses of ethanol in large scale will invariably boost sugarcane farming in country. Bio diesel is obtained by processing oil obtained from various plant seeds.

Jatropha is being promoted in vast wastelands of the country Experts feel that the problem of huge oil import bill and the price uncertainty can be mitigated by cultivating bio-fuel crop on the over 60 million hectare of wasteland available in the country. A northern railway is conducting experiment of running locomotive on bodies. Even if small percentage of ethanol and Bio-diesel is blended, immense savings on import bill can be affected.

Energy crisis in India can tackle by the effective involvement of civil society. In India, civil society is inactive in the field of energy conservation unlike the western countries. Energy conservation is the key civil society can lead the front by educating masses about the need to conserve energy. Energy conserved is energy earned.

Essay No. 2

Energy Crisis

God sent Adam with very few needs and strong limbs to fulfill those needs, as time passed and civilization advanced, man found himself more and more aloof from nature, lazy and luxurious and utterly dependent on machines. And machines need energy.

In the industrially advanced world of today, the demand for energy is increasing every day. We have machines and factories, buses, cars, trains and planes and ships and submarines. Energy is needed to run them. But this is not all. Man has grown so lazy that he does not like even to wind his watch. So energy is being used for running clocks and watches, typewriters, shaving razors  and many more things.

Wood later on coal was the first source of energy. Then came oil and passing through the stage of atomic energy man is no looking forward to solar energy.

We are naturally anxious because we know that a day may ultimately come when we have no more coal or oil. It will mean energy crisis. People who have made careful calculations feel that we will have used all available oil by the year 2025 and coal mines will also be empty in about thirty years. Man is on the lookout for other sources of energy. Our present hope seems to rest on nuclear power.

But nuclear power is full of risks. It is very explosive. Accidents and mishaps in nuclear reactors are very hazardous. The radio- active waves  from a  nuclear plant that has broken the radio – active waves from a nuclear plant that has broken down are a great threat to man. Moreover, when a nuclear plant down are a great threat to man. Moreover, when a nuclear plant is dead after 50 years it has to be buried and guarded forever.

The world is thus faced with energy crisis. The condition of India is no better. The demand for energy in India will need four times of energy by the year 200. The Government of India is taking steps to supply energy for non- commercial proposes from various sources such as bio- gas and quick – growing forest plantation but the rural poor are unable to pay the high cost of energy.

Scientists all over the world are trying to meet the challenge. They are trying to harness solar, water and air reserves. Hydro electric power is cheaper, so are air mills. Solar energy too has bright hopes for man. However, it si very expensive to establish the necessary infrastructure for tapping solar energy. Giant dishes are made to concentrate the sunlight on the thermal generators which use this sunlight to produce energy.

Nevertheless, all possible efforts will have to be made to save us from total darkness and helplessness. Scientists are doing their best but the major responsibility rests with the politicians , because it is sometimes lack of political will that hinders developments in every field. And what is equally important, man should use his physical energy more and more instead of depending on machines for every purpose.    

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