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Essay on “A Visit to Red Fort” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

A Visit to Red Fort

Essay No. 01

There are a large number of historical places in India and these are very much worthy of a visit. It is important that very student should visit some of them because these are of much educational and historical value. History becomes living and lively when you visit a historical place.

The places of greatest historical value in Delhi and of wide interest to the students and non-students are the  Qutab Minar and the Red Fort. One who has not seen the Qutab Minar and the Red Fort. One who has not seen the Qutab Minar and the Red Fort in Delhi cannot be said to have seen Delhi at all.

Last Sunday; the Principal of our school arranged a special trip for the senior students to visit the Red Fort. Many of them had already seen the Red Fort but the principal desired that they should see it again for better knowledge under proper guidance.         

A special but was hired for the purpose and all students of the class 10th were invited to join the trip. We all reached the school punctually where a special bus was ready to take us to the Red Fort. We reached the Red Fort at ten in the morning and the teacher- in – charge of the trip, who was a teacher of history, bought tickets for all of us. After buying tickets we stepped into the Red Fort. Along the entrance, there were two rows of shops selling objects of art. They were also selling handicrafts. In the Mughal time, this was known as the Meena Bazar and here the princesses and the queens of the Harem made their purchases.

Then we crossed a lawn and made our way into another gate. Here our tickets were checked. This building is known as ‘Naubat Khana.” It was a Royal Drum House. Royal musicians used to play music here in the Mughal times five times a day.

Thereafter we entered “Diwan-e-Aam” or the Hall of Public Audience. It has a marble Dias and a marble canopy. Here sat the Mughal Emperor, received the ministers, courtiers, and other people who came to meet him on official or public functions. The Emperor sat under the canopy on his throne. His Prime Minster sat on the dias. In the olden and golden days, the walls of Diwan – e- Am were covered with paintings and it was decorated with precious stones. But now these valuable treasures are missing. In those days even the humblest citizen could come to Diwan-e- Am and present his petition to the king if he had any complaint against anybody. 

Beyond the Diwan – e- Aam we passed on to the Rang Mahal. It was a place of pleasure and richly inlaid with precious stones in the Mughal Times. In the center of the hall ran a canal of refreshing water and it was known as the Nahar-i-Bisht. A fountain shaped like a flower played in the middle of the hall.

Beside Rang Mahal there is Khas Mahal. It has a beautiful marble screen. A scale is carved on the screen, indicating rigid justice which ruled supreme during the Mughal times. Then there is Diwan-e-Khas, the Hall of Private Audience where only selected people could meet the king, such as ministers, princes, princesses, and queens. Here was written the Persian couplet which means;

“If there be paradise on earth,

It is here, it is here, it is here.”

The Red Fort also has a War Memorial Museum, which exhibits weapons of war used in the First world war. Here in Red Fort was the famous peacock Throne and the Kohinoor diamond which Nadir Shah removed to Iran. The throne was dismantled and broken into pieces. The Kohinoor diamond today is found in the British crown.

 

A Visit to Red Fort

Essay No. 02

The Red Fort usually transcribed into English as Lal Qil’ah or Lal Qila is a 17th-century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi (in present-day Delhi, India) that served as the residence of the Imperial Family of India. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan started construction of the massive fort in 1638, and work was completed in 1648 (10 years). The layout of the Red Fort was organised to retain and integrate this site with the Salimgarh Fort. The fortress-palace was an important focal point of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad.

The planning and aesthetics of the Red Fort represent the zenith of Mughal creativity that prevailed during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan. This Fort has had many developments added on after its construction by Emperor Shahjahan. Important physical changes were carried out in the overall settings of the site after the Indian Mutiny in 1857. The Red Fort was the palace for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s new capital, Shahjahanabad, the seventh city on the Delhi site. He moved his capital here from Agra in a move designed to bring prestige to his reign and to provide ample opportunity to apply his ambitious building schemes and interests. The fort lies along the Yamuna River, which fed the moats that surround most of the wall. The wall at its north-eastern corner is adjacent to an older fort, the Salimgarh Fort, a defense built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The construction of the Red Fort began in 1638 and was completed by 1648.

On 11 March 1783, Sikhs briefly entered Red Fort in Delhi and occupied the Diwan-i-Am. The city was essentially surrendered by the Mughal wazir in cahoots with his Sikh Allies. The last Mughal emperor to occupy the fort was Bahadur Shah II “Zafar”. Despite being the seat of Mughal power and its defensive capabilities, the Red Fort was not defended during the 1857 uprising against the British. After the failure of the 1857 rebellion, Zafar left the fort on 17 September. He returned to Red Fort as a prisoner of the British. Zafar was tried on in a trial starting on 27 January 1858 and was exiled on 7 October.

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