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Essay on “A Flood Scene” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

A Flood Scene

Essay No. 01

India is a land of rivers. So floods are very common in this country. We hear of floods every year. They are not new things. There are many causes of flood. Sometimes the rainfall is heavy. Rivers cannot carry all the water. The water overflows and spreads to long distances making flood. Sometimes dams are broken causing flood.

The floods are common in India. They are a natural calamity. Floods are the curse of God on earth. They occur on account. Of heavy rainfall. They  occur almost in every country, when the rains are heavy and continue for a long time. These floods cause a huge loss of life and property.

I live near the Yamuna river in a small village. Forty families live there. Every year during the rainy season our village is surrounded by Yamuna water. We have built our houses on the rocky ground. It is much above the level of the surrounding earth. Last year heavy rains caused flood. We had to vacate our village. We saw big sheet of water all round. Boats were playing in the Yamuna. I saw with great horror many houses surrounded by   angry water. Ultimately we had to vacate our houses and went to our farm where we were safe. The farm was situated at about fifteen kilometers away from our village in the interior.

 The effect of this flood in neighbouring villages was very great. It caused a great loss of human life and property. Crops were damaged, tree were uprooted, houses were washed away, cattle were drowned. Heavy loss of life and property took place and epidemic broke out. The people were rendered homeless.

The Government officers had made arrangement for a big camp. This was arranged for those who left their hearths and homes. Food was freely supplied to them. To save people from the possible attack of diseases all the precautions were taken. The people in the camp were given medical aid. I remember that  for two days we also had to stay there. The condition of the people was very  miserable. They had to stand like beggars in queues for food. The poorest people were given good first and then people like us had good in the last. 

The floods in the river Yumuna caused great loss to the people of affected areas. It spoiled the crops completely. Our village specially suffered a great loss. Nearly all the mud houses wren washed away by the swift current of water. Hundreds of cattle were drowned. When the water receded, the Government gave financial aid to the farmers. The poor people got money to rebuild their mud houses and to purchase some necessary things such as cloth, sugar and food. We also got some loan from the Government for buying seeds and chemical fertilizers. Three hundred rupees were given by way of financial aid to us. Now new attempts are being made to check the floods. Government has started to construct embankment along the river banks.

We have no control on the causes of floods. We cannot check extensive rains. Science has failed to conquer the heat of the sun. man is powerless in this respect. We can only minimize human suffering and loss of property. To avoid the dagger of the flood, big tanks and canals should be made. Big dams should be constructed to prevent the water of the flooded rivers. People should be trained to serve in such calamities. They should be taught swimming and rowing.

Essay No. 02

Flood in My Village

 It was the rainy season and for one whole week, the rain poured incessantly. The water level in the river rose steadily until the water split over, flooding many low-lying areas. My village was one of the areas affected and we had to move our belongings to higher ground. There, we waited for rescue teams to arrive. The whole village was submerged in about one meter of water. The currents were swift and merciless, sweeping away livestock and furniture. Red Crescent members could be seen busy evacuating old folk, women and children trapped by the rising waters. Flood victims were taken to a Flood Relief Centre. Here we were given hot drinks, porridge and milk for the babies. Some had to be given clothes and blankets as they could not save anything in time.

After three days, the rain subsided and the flood waters receded, it was such a relief to see the sun again. Flood victims began to move back home, to clean up the place as well as to assess the damage.


Essay No. 03



In spite of phenomenal scientific and technological advancements, we suffer from many natural calamities like flood, drought, famine, earthquake and devastating storms every year. We in India are frequent victims of these devastations. Floods cause a great havoc in India. They destroy life and property on a vast scale every year in the plains of northern India. Floods have been a major cause of calamity in India because there is a big network of mighty rivers. They get flooded during the monsoon season every year and create terrible devastation. The Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Gomati, Gandak, Kosi, etc., are snow-fed and perennial. During the monsoon season, they receive very heavy rainfall and so they discharge the maximum quantity of water causing frequent floods. The peninsular rivers like Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri Narmada, Mahanadi, etc., are mainly rain-fed, but they too get flooded in rains. The swollen rivers, during monsoon months, often burst their banks and dams causing a deluge. The Worst affected areas are those of Assam, Bihar, West Bengal and Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Consequently, standing crops, people livestock, villages and towns are swept away. Houses, buildings and huts collapse and roads; railings, bridges, etc., are damaged and destroyed. Power and electrical failures plunge the vast areas into darkness and gloom. Had there been no floods and droughts, India would have been a very prosperous country because it is mainly an agricultural country.

Both floods and droughts are most ravaging. These are the two major calamities visiting India every now and then. Floods are a regular feature in India. It is a matter of great regret that our Government has not been successful to tame the rivers so as to solve the problems of devastating floods. Something very effective and lasting must be done to prevent floods and huge recurring losses of men and material caused by them. The poor masses in the villages are the worst sufferers. Rivers are a great boon and blessing, but when they are in flood, as they often do in rains in the northern plains, they become a great curse. During floods the rivers often change their course and submerge big areas of agricultural and populated land.

There are many causes of floods in India. During monsoon there is heavy rainfall in the Himalayas and its adjoining areas. As a result of this tributaries and rivers begin to overflow as to receive excess of water from their catchment areas. During  summer the melting of snow in the Himalayas causes fly, Silting caused by landslides, etc., in the rivers also causes floods. When the rivers get chocked because of continuous silting, there are terrible floods. Indiscriminate destruction of forests, trees and vegetation cover of the vast areas of land is another cause of floods. Because of deforestation there are soil erosion, landslides and no-absorption of water into the earth.

Thus, floods are not only natural, but they are also man-made. By aforestation on a vast scale in the catchment areas and slopes of the mountains, etc., we can minimise the floods. The destruction of forests and cutting of trees for timber, fuel, etc., should be immediately banned. Afforestation would go a long way in checking the overflowing of the rivers and the floods. A developing country like India can hardly afford huge annual losses caused by floods and deluge. Another effective method to control the floods is to interlink the rivers of the country. It would help the excess of water in taking to the areas where there is drought and lack of rain. Besides big dams, a chain of small reservoirs should be constructed to check floods. These small dams, tanks and reservoirs would not only help in controlling floods, but also help in power generation. Thus, a vast hydro-electric potential can be exploited to Our great advantage. A few of our rivers, rise in Nepal. Therefore, it is essential that Nepal’s cooperation is sought, in this matter. There are already some river-projects undertaken jointly by India and Nepal, but more cooperative efforts by both the countries should be made in the areas of flood-control, afforestation, conservation and water-storage for power-generation and irrigation.

Similar cooperation between India and Bangladesh is essential. There are some rivers which are common to both the countries. Huge losses caused by floods can be checked by cooperation between India and Bangladesh in construction of dams, afforestation and desiltation of the common rivers. When the floods are unexpected the losses are still greater for than the people are taken unawares. When floods are expected, precautionary measures can be taken to save men and animals. Sometimes floods can be taken advantage of to some extent when expected. Floods enrich the soil and help in moving logs from heights to the plains. To check and control floods huge sums of money is required besides much man-power. Therefore, only the government can make such efforts, but individuals can also help check the floods in their own way, by planting trees and preventing the denundation of green cover in their respective areas.

When there are floods, the life become miserable. The houses are demolished and swept away, crops, and fields are inundated, people and animals die in large number and public services like transportation, electricity, food-supply, schooling, etc., are wrecked. In the wake of floods there are diseases and epidemics. During flood massive relief operations are to be undertaken to rescue the flood affected people. Food-supplies are dropped from the planes and helicopters to the flood victims. They are to be rescued by boats. Many people die in floods for want of quick and timely rescue. The victims of flood are to be provided shelters, clothes, food, medicines and other help immediately. The quick and proper disposal of corpses and carcases also becomes a problem then. A flood is a terrifying scene. Sometimes men and women can be seen clinging to the trees or crying for help on the roofs of their houses during floods. During floods the government have to take immediate reliefs and rescue measures and sanction huge funds for the purpose. To alleviate the suffering of the victims of flood relief camps are opened where people are provided with shelter, food, clothing, medicine, etc. Public also donates generously to the flood relief fund. Then there are Prime Minister and Chief Minister’s relief funds for such national calamities as floods. But prevention is better than cure. Such steps should be taken as to minimise the dangers of floods. When there are floods government starts relief works on a massive scale with the cooperation of the public at large. Since floods are a recurring feature in India, they are being accepted as a part of life in flood-prone areas of the country.


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  1. Charan jaiswal says:

    Thank u the frst essay heled me a lot.

  2. Asmi Sehgal says:

    Both the essays helped me a lot thanks and keep writing

  3. Ruchika says:

    First is osm because 1 essay is in very easy language thank you🙏💕

  4. Anshul says:


  5. Ishu says:

    Thanks a lot 🙏

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