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Essay on “The Himalayas” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

The Himalayas

The Himalayas are the highest mountain ranges in the world. They lie from Jammu and Kashmir in the north-west to Assam and Meghalaya in the east. A part of the Himalayas lies in Nepal, Bhutan and China. In Pakistan, they extend up to the Hindukush.

Everest which is a part of the Himalayas is the highest mountain peak in the world. It lies in Nepal Tenzing and Hillary were the first persons who scaled this peak in 1953. Since then, it has been scaled by several men and women of different countries.

India has a great advantage of the Himalayas which lie to her north. For one thing, they protect the Indians plains from the austerity of intensely cold winds from China that would otherwise blow over them.

The Himalayas are very high. So, they are always covered with a thick layer of snow which melts partially in summer. Thus, all the major rivers of India like the Ganga, the Yamuna, the Sutlej, the Beas and the Brahmputra flow to the Indian plains from the glaciers situated in the Himalayas.

There is a dense growth of trees and plants on the Himalayas. These trees and plants are very important for purifying the air and for causing rain. There also live wild animals in these forests and birds also build nests in trees.

Several kinds of herbs grow on the Himalayan slopes. Many of these herbs are also important from medical point of view. A lot of timber is also obtained from these forests. Some of the plants are useful for human consumption and others serve as fodder for animals. Some fruit trees are also there from which much fruit such as apples, raisins, almonds, lemons, etc. is obtained. There is also a lot of mineral wealth in the Himalayas some of which has been exploited.

In the Himalayan peaks, caves and valleys there are a large number of shrines and health stations. Thus, the Himalayas are a boon to India granted by God.


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