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Essay on “Environment Pollution – Impact and Remedies” Complete Essay, Paragraph, Speech for Class 10, 12 Students.

Environment Pollution – Impact and Remedies

There are two types of environment-related pollution. The first type of pollution arises due to violation of the environmental laws by business houses, hospitals, industries, municipal authorities, various nursing homes, and the general public. The second type of environmental pollution is the result of the nature of the law and other problems arising from environmental deterioration. The first kind of pollution is easily understood but the second type of pollution certainly requires more elaboration to understand. This can be best understood from the tragedy of gas leakage at Bhopal. We all know that although more than a decade has elapsed no worthwhile measures have been taken so far to remove the grievances of thousands of affected people.

In other parts of the world also, similar environmental pollution hazards have occurred such as in Chernobyl in Russia, mercury poisoning in Japan, Eire Lake in the United States becoming dead, and so on. The most recent is the air pollution disaster of unprecedented magnitude in South-East Asia caused by a combination of drought and the deliberate burning of forests in Indonesia. But what needs to be appreciated is that they have until now more serious consequences from the angle of criminal offenses in poor countries like India.

On environmental pollution, there are many areas of conflict in our country. These conflicts are between the tribal population and the local government. These are towards the construction of big dams, electricity power plants, acquiring of forest areas, mining, and quarrying activities, import of toxic wastes, and several urban environmental issues. All such issues are required to be solved with due considerations to the culture and tradition of the local population and the local environmental-related problems. Otherwise social tensions are bound to increase. We should not forget the great Chipko’ movement which was started by Chandra Prasad Bhattin in 1973 to save the trees and it clearly depicted the strength of the local population.

The increase in environmental pollution has adversely affected the growth in food production during the present decade the world over wherein India is also no exception. Lester R. Brown in his latest report entitled “The Agricultural Link: How Environmental Deterioration Could Disrupt Economic Progress” has brought out one of the most interesting phenomena. According to this report, food prospects are affected by all global trends of environmental degradation including deforestation, building up of greenhouse gases, soil erosion, acquitter depletion overfishing, air pollution, and loss of plant and animal species.

Due to massive overpumping, there is an acute shortage of water in major food-producing areas including many parts of India like in Punjab which is considered as the Bread Basket of India. Many factors such as industrialization and increasing population are responsible for this poor ecosystem resulting in an era of food scarcity. The wheat prices have gone up more than fifty percent over the last three years. The doubling of the food grain prices would not affect the rich class but what about the majority of the population of India which is considered below the poverty line. It may happen that they would come on the streets due to hazards of environmental pollution.

There is a need to search for remedies to reduce the impact of the effects of such environmental pollution. In this regard, many High Courts in India and even the Supreme Court of India have recently come out with many judgments towards reducing the impacts of environmental pollution and thereby stop environmental degradation. In one of the judgments. The Supreme Court of India directed that all industries located in particular industrial zones in Delhi and about seven hundred tanneries in the State of Tamil Nadu set up common effluent treatment plants. Further, the Court has also banned all construction activities within a zone of 500 meters of sea beaches to safeguard the fragile ecosystem of our decaying beaches and thereby save the earth from warming up further due to environment-related pollution.

Further, the hospitals and various municipal bodies should be asked to install incineration plants for the management of toxic wastes in their respective areas, the handling of which mostly affects the poor. The Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Boards should be provided with more powers so that they can enforce the environmental laws to reduce pollution effectively. Also, the corrupt and inefficient people related to enforcement of environmental pollution control and who give clearance for industrial projects without really foreseeing the implications on the environment should be punished and kept away from such duties.

The measures to be taken as a remedy for the control of environmental pollution are many. But the real thing to be noted is, whether all these remedies are followed to check the pollution. In fact, the existing environmental laws need to be made more stringent. Those committing environmental offenses should not only be heavily fined but also sent to prison in case of a serious violation. Non-implementation of any orders in this regard from the authorities or judiciary should be viewed as a contempt of court and more & more harsh actions must be taken. Finally, for increasing general awareness about the hazards of environmental pollution and to involve the general public in this mission, crash programs must be started and organized at various levels.


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