Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Rabinderanath Tagore” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Rabinderanath Tagore” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Rabinderanath Tagore


Tagore was a Bengali poet, novelist and educator who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913, and was considered the greatest writer in the modern Indian literature. He was born in Kolkata into a wealthy and prominent Brahman family. His father was Maharishi Debendranath Tagore, a religious reformer and scholar, his mother Sarada Devi. His grandfather had established a huge financial empire for himself, and financed public projects, such as Calcutta Medical College. The Tagores were pioneers of the Bengal Renaissance and tried to combine traditional Indian culture with Western ideas. All the children contributed significantly to Bengali literature and culture. Tagore, the v of the chil-dren, received his early education first from tutors and then at a variety of schools, among them Bengal Academy where he stud-ied Bengali history and culture, and University College, London, where he studied law but left after a year without completing his studies. Tagore was awarded the knighthood in 1915, but he surrendered it in 1919 as a protest against the Massacre of Amritsar, where British troops killed some 400 Indian demonstrators protesting colonial laws.

Tagore’s early major prose works include Chocher Bali (1903, Eye-sore) and Nashtanir (1901, The Broken Nest), first published serially Between 1891 and 1895 he published forty-four short stories in Bengali periodicals, most of them in the monthly journal Sadhana. In Punishment Tagore sets the story in a rural village and describes the oppression of women through the tragedy of the low-caste Rui family. In 1901, Tagore founded a school out-side Calcutta, Visva-Bharati, which was dedicated to merging Western and Indian philosophy and education. Tagore’s reputation as a writer was established in the United States and in En-gland after the publication of Gitanjali: Song Offerings, in which Tagore tries to find inner calm and explores the themes of divine and human love. Tagore’s cosmic visions owed much to the lyric tradition of Vaishnava Hinduism and its concepts concerning the relationship between man and God. The poems appeared in 1912 with an introduction by William Butler Yates, who wrote “These lyrics – which are in the original, my Indians tell me, full of subtlety of rhythm, of untranslatable delicacies of colour, of metrical invention – display in their thought a world I have dreamed of all my life long.”

Tagore’s short stories significantly influenced Indian Literature, and he was the first Indian to bring an element of -psychological realism to his novels. Tagore wrote his most important works in -Bengali, but he translated his poems into English, forming new collections. Many of his poems are actually songs, and inseparable from their music.


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