Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Ralph Waldo Emerson” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Ralph Waldo Emerson” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

(1803 – 1882)

Ralph Waldo Emerson was the most original of American philosophers and essayists. He was .born in Boston, Massachusetts, May 25, 1803, His pen first attracted attention in 1837, through two orations entitled Nature and Man Thinking, delivered before the Phi Beta Kappa Society at Cambridge. He was educated in Boston and Harvard, like his father, and graduated in 1821. In 1825 he began to study at the Harvard Divinity School and next year he was licensed to preach by the Middlesex Association of Ministers. In 1829 Emerson married the seventeen-year-old Ellen Louisa Tucker, who died in 1831 from tuberculosis.

While at Harvad, he began keeping a journal, which became a source of his lectures, essays, and’ books. In 1838 appeared his Address to the Senior Class in Divinity College, Cambridge, also Literal), Ethics, an oration. In 1841 he brought out The Method of Nature, Man the Reformer. For four years, from 1840 to 1844, Mr. Emerson was associated with Margaret Fuller, Countess d’Ossoli, in conducting a literary journal, entitled The Dial and on the death of-the Countess, he joined with Mr. W H. Canning in, writing a memoir of that learned and remarkable woman, which was published in 1852. In 1846 he brought out a volume of poetry. In 1848 he revisited England and delivered a course of lectures in Exeter Hall, London. “The logicians have an incessant triumph over him,” said Harriet Martineau, “but their triumph is of no avail; he conquers minds as well as hearts.” In the succeeding year he delivered another course of lectures upon Representative Men. These lectures are considered among the greatest of his works. In 1856 appeared English Traits; 1860, The Conduct of Life; 1865, Society and Solitude, Parnassus, Selected Poems, and a volume of Essays. In 1866 Harvard College conferred upon Mr. Emerson the degree of LL.D.

For profound and original thought he has but few equals and perhaps to superiors. He is known as the American Carlyle. No man has made greater or more lasting impression upon the literature Of the age than has he great American essayist and poet. His works arc translated into all the languages of Europe, and are read by thinkers and scholars all over the world. He died at Concord, in his native State, April 27, 1882. In the 1880s appeared posthumously Miscellanies (1884), a collection of political speeches, and Lectures And Biographical Sketches (1884).


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