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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Prabhu Nityananda” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Prabhu Nityananda


Prabhu Nityananda was born in a remote village named Ekachakra, Birchandrapur, within the Rampurhat sub-division at Birbhum district (in West Bengal) on 12th January, 1473. His father’s name was Mukunda Bandopadhyay (Harai Pandit), who was very religious minded and well versed in the Sanskrit language and shastras. His mother’s name was Padmavati Devi. His nick name was Kuber.

Kuber was attracted to Sadhus and Saints since his boyhood. At the age of seven he was admitted a Tole (Sanskrit School) in Nabadwip Dham. From there he became a master in Nyaya Shastras (Logic) and sanskrit literature. At the age of twelve, he left the house with a Sannyasi and in his company travelled in different parts of Northern India. This life taught him the hardship in life of an Abadhut (a class of anchorite _who worship Lord Siva). In course of time he became famous as Abadhut Nityananda. Suddenly, he left that Sannyasi and travelled in a disheartened mood, he began searching of a Guru. Then Kuber came to Vrindavan and met Sreepada Madhabendra Puri. After initiation from Madhabendra Puri he was popular as Prabhu Nityananda.. He travelled all over India with Gurudeva and had an experience of the life of the poor and the downtrodden people of India.

Later, he joined Srichaitanya and his practical experiences of the life of a mendicant traveller, helped in spreading Vaishnavism all over India. He is the person who in course of his preaching proclaimed Srichaitanya as an embodiment of Lord Krishna. Srichaitanya did not allow him to became a Sannyasi. Nityananda, as directed by Srichaitanya returned to his native place and married two daughters of Suryadas Pandit of Ambica — KaIna, viz. Basudha and Jahnabi.

This noble task was left to Nityananda for it was so ordained by Srichaitanyadeva, from this time on Nityananda went on preaching Vaishnavism and initiated those who were hungry for spiritual solace. No distinction was made between the ruler and the subjects, the rich and the poor and even those unfortunate people who had no place even in their own families and even outcasts of the society. As a travellor, he had seen the wretched condition of the poor and the downtrodden, so his motto was — “Not to hate anybody, we must have faith in over selves first and then God. Purity, patience and perseverance are three essentials to success and above all LOVE”. In this regard, he had uplifted two perverted Brahmins of Nabadwip, viz. Jagai and Madhai from a very wretched condition to a devotee.

During the Muslim rule, the brightest of the prophets in the Sixteenth century in Northern India was Srichaitanya Mahaprabhu and the person who preached his message of eternal love or Bhakti yoga to the people was Sri Nityananda. Even in the abence of Srichaitanya, Sri Nityananda carried on his noble mission with heart and soul. His devotion through Bhakti rolled over the people of Bengal. His Love knew no bounds. It made no difference between the Saint and the Sinner, the Hindu and the Muslim, the pure and the impure. Dr. Brajendra Nath Seal, the great scholar and philosopher wrote that Sri Nityananda was the first and the greatest democrat in the history of Bengal. He died in 1545 at the Nabadwip Dham in West Bengal.


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