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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Madhusudan Saraswati” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Madhusudan Saraswati



Sri Madhusudan Saraswati was born at Kotalipara sub-division of Faridpur district (now in Bangladesh) on 1526. His father’s name was Purandaracharya, who was a great scholar of Dharmasastra and Sanskrit literature. He was the fourth son of his parents. From the very early age his profound knowledge in the Hindu Sastras and Sanatan Dharma spread all over the country.

He was initiated into a life of renunciation and self-denial (Sannyasa) at a tender age and he led the life of a mendicant. He travelled throughout the country, defending the Vedic religion against all heretics and critics. Also he inspired the people to a life of renunciation and earnest endeavour to achieve salvation.

In course  of time he come to be regarded as a great saint and who was the object of veneration not only of his own disciples but also of people at large…In the later period of his life, people recognised him as a great Vedantic sannyasi after Sankarcharya and Swami Vidyaranya.

He lived for 107 years and during this long period, he came in contact with the renowned Rishis, Viz. Sri Visweswar Saraswati, Goswami _Tulsidas (of Ramcharit Manas), Narayan Bhatta (of South India), Vedanta Kesari Swami Ramthirtha, Madhav Saraswati etc.

The chief characteristic of Madhusudan’s life was an assimilation of Advaita-Jnan with Bhakti, Dualism and non-dualism and practice of his yoga philosophy. He had composed many religious books of which the most important was “Advaita-Siddhi”. Also, he was the great commentator of Srimad Bhagavad Gita. Following his father’s instruction, he went to Nabadwip to learn Naya and other Shastras. He was initiated as a Sanyasi with the consent of his parents. At the age of eight „years, he became a scholar of Kavya, grammar and sanskrit literature—from the Nabadwip school. The teachers there taught not only Naya-shastra, Dualism (man and God), but also Sankarcharya’s Non-duralism (Advaitabad). He wanted to refute (free from) Sankara’s Advaitabad. For that purpose, he went to Varanasi, the centre of Vedantism.

At Varanasi, he became a student and afterwards the disciple of Vedanta Kesari Swami Ramtirtha, who taught him the inner significance of, Advaitaism  and Dualism. There he met Goswami Tulsidas and discussed with him the main aspects of religion. Here one day the incorporal soul of Mahayogi Gorakhnathji met Madhusudan and blessed him in his life’s mission.

Swami Satyananda—Saraswati’, the President of Nigamanda Saraswata Math’, expressed his desire for a discussion with, himself in the, way of a disciple with Madhusudan Saraswati a Guru. Madhusudan Saraswati said that the Veneration for Acharya or Guru is not a temporary phase, but should remain everlasting. Thereby he obliquely hinted that he would regard Madhusudan Sarasawati as Guru for the rest of his life and here after; Sankaracharya reserved his reverence for Guru throughout his lifelong activities. The illustrious Madhusudan Saraswati, the author of “Advaita-Siddhi” has established a magnificent synthesis between wisdom and devotion. His self-resignation or surrender, to Lord Krishna is remarkable.

In the commentary on the Srimat Bhagavad Gita, Madhusudan pointed out three stages of dedication :

  1. a) I belong to none but Him only ;
  2. b) He is of none else but mine ; and
  3. c) He and I are one and the same, identical in all respects.

He entered in the mahasamadhi in 1632.


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