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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Bhakta Kavir” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Bhakta Kavir

Bhakta Kavir was born in a weaver family at Varanasi in the year 1440. There are many legendary stories regarding his birth. It is a hearsay that Kavir’s mother was a Brahmin widow and just after his birth, he was left in a remote village where the Muslim weaver families were residing. Later, a weaver family found him, and nourished him as their child, as they had no issue and brought him up properly. Considering this incident the name of his foster-father was Neeru and the name of his foster-mother was Neema.

In mediaeval period, India was under the rule of Pathan Sultan. During that period, in the Northern India, viz. Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, there was concentration of the Muslims.

Afterwards, they spread all over India. Earlier, these weaver families were Hindus and they known as Nath-yogies. Later, they wore converted into Islam. Kavir’s foster — parents wanted that he also should be trained as a weaver but Kavir’s mind responded to the high ideals of spiritualism.

During that period, many notable Saints were present at Varanasi. Kavir’s mind hungered for a religious preceptor, a Guru. No Hindu preceptor agreed to initiate him as he was Muslim. At that time a renowned Vaishnava saint Acharya Ramananda Swami was present at Varanasi and he had many disciples. Kavir was his first disciple and became very popular.

The followers of Kavir belonged to both sects — the Hindus and the Muslims. He preached his message through devotional songs, known as “DOHA”. He had composed numerous songs, and all of them devotional, bearing testimory to his yearnings for a life of total dedication and truth. Kavir’s background as a common man and concern for the spiritual needs of humanity are clearly revealed in these songs. Kavir was married to Lui and they had a son named Kamal, who became a famous Mystic sadhaka in Northern India.

Kavir preached that God is one and men worship Him in the different forms. As the different streams having their sources in different places, flow towards the sea, they retain their iaentities but once they reached the sea and they pour their water into the sea. they loose their individual identity and become one with the sea. So also when men shed their ego and realise the Omnipresence of God, they are released from the chain of birth and death and become one with Divinity. He also said, “None can help you; help yourself, work for your own salvation.” Kavir reached the highest state of salvation by his unflinching faith and devotion to the Supreme Power. Many Sadhakas and Saints, Viz., Guru Nanak, Goswami Tulsidas, Mirabai, Ruidas, Dadu, Shirdi Sai Baba etc., were greatly influenced by Kavir’s preachings and by his Dohas.

Bhakta Kavir was a great saint, whose innumerable follower, included the Hindus and the Muslims. At the time of his death, the disciples quarrelled over the manner of conducting the funeral ceremonies. The exasperated master, rose from his final sleep, and/gave his instructions, “Half of my remains shall be buried with Muslim rites, he said, “Let the others half be cremated with the Hindu rites”. Saying this he vanished. When the disciples removed the shroud that had covered his body, nothing was found there but a beautiful array of flowers. Half of these were buried in the place Maghar, in the Gorakhpur district (Uttar Pradesh), where he breathed his last in the year 1516 by the Muslims and the other half was cremated with the Hindu ceremonies at Varanasi. A temple, “Kavir Chura” was built at Varanasi and it attracts even today immense number of pilgrims.



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