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English Essay/Paragraph/Speech on “Reservation” for Kids and Students for Class 8, 9, 10, Class 12 and Graduation Examination



The second Backward Classes Commission’ under the chairmanship of Mr. B.P. Mandal was appointed by the Janata Government on January 1, 1979. The former Prime Minister, Mr. V.P. Singh, in hot haste made an announcement in Parliament on August 7, 1990 in the year of social justice that his government would implement the decision of reservation of 27% jobs in services under Central Government and public undertakings with immediate effect. To ensure quick and harmonious implementation he declared that the socially and educationally backward classes common to both the Mandal list as well as the state list will be benefited. He declared his statement in both the Houses as a ‘momentous decision of social justice meted out to the deprived sections.

The new quota of reservation came to be nicknamed as a political gimmick and naked vote-catching device. The V.P. Singh’s Government toppled down for want of political vision and shrewd statesmanship.

After that Narasimha Rao Govt. on September 21, 1991, issued a memorandum, adopting the 1990 memorandum with some modifications. He included the economic factor in job-reservation policy. The poorer section in the forward classes will also be included among educationally and socially backward classes. In this way the formula would retain reservation to the extent of 15%, 7%, 2%, 27% and 10% for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Physically Handicapped, Socially and Educationally Backward Classes, and poorer sections among the forward classes respectively. The economic criterion has been included because reservation on purely caste basis was a mock consideration since it would curb the edge of social justice.

Mandal Commission Recommendations are applicable to all services under the Government including all public sectors. The ‘backward class’ students are to be admitted in all universities and affiliated colleges.

The Supreme Court gave their verdict in this case on November 16. 1992 and in their verdict they partially rejected the two notifications of August 1990 and September 21, 1991, issued by V.P. Singh and Rao Governments respectively. They approved of 20% job reservations in the government sector for backward classes provided the creamy layer is excluded.

The Central Government has decided to bestow more rights on the National Minority Commission. According to the Welfare Ministry, the Minority Commissions will also be able to function on wider scale like the Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes Commission.

The benefit of reservation will hold good at the time of entry in service. It would not be applicable for further promotions. Lastly, it should be clear that any kind of reservation in jobs means efficiency level of an organisation going down as because of this system duffers may run the show and meritorious ones watch it helplessly and hopelessly. The real and most suitable way to help the backward classes is to give them opportunities for good education so that they could come at par with the forward class. They must be helped but not at the cost of efficiency.


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