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English Essay on “Internal Strife in Political Parties” Complete Essay, Paragraph, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Internal Strife in Political Parties

In India, political parties have often been dogged by internal strifes apart from inner conflicts. Thus, there emerged two groups, the Extremists and the Moderates, within the Indian National Congress before Independence. In the post-Independence period, Congress broke up and the section led by Nijlingappa separated. Indira Gandhi’s Congress became Congress (I). Still later, Sharad Pawar’s Congress (NCP) emerged. In the same way, there appeared fissures in most of the major political parties and several new parties, including regional parties, emerged.

Now we see Communist parties of several hues such as the Communist Party of India (CPI), CPM, CPM (ML), etc. DMK, MDMK, and AIADMK are factions of one main party that once existed. About the Akali Dal in Punjab, it was once jocularly said that there would soon be as many Akali Dal as there are members of different factions. In other words, each individual claiming to be an Akali will have his own party of whom he will be the single member, President, Vice-President, General Secretary, Cashier, in fact, everything.

The Party which fought against Indira Gandhi’s Emergency under Jayapraksh Narayan’s banner was the Janata Party. Since then we have seen the emergence, merger, adjustment, and eclipse of several political parties with the name “Janata”.

The Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) came into being in 1975 as a reaction to the Internal Emergency imposed by former P.M Mrs. Indira Gandhi. The Jana Sangh then made several adjustments with other parties for the national cause and thus the BJP emerged. It won the acclaim of the Indian people by emerging as a powerful opposition party in due course of time. Its leader, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who became the leader of the opposition in the Lok Sabha with a cabinet rank, was acknowledged as a great orator and the best parliamentarian.

When the BJP came into power in 1998 and conducted the Pokhran II, almost every Indian welcomed it, though it raised a storm in the world and led to restrictions against India by the USA and other Western countries. In spite of all the obstacles within and outside India against the nuclear test, India’s prestige and image got enhanced among different nations of the world.

When the BJP lost in 2004, the party showed signs of degeneration. Apart from the fact that among the MPs caught in the cash for-Query scam, the maximum number belonged to this party. The party was marred by internal strife which overshadowed even some of its Hindutva views, steps, or policies which some people, rightly or wrongly characterized as non-secular ones.

It so happened that during Mr. LK Advani’s visit to Pakistan, the veteran BJP leader appreciated Mr. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, describing him as a secular leader. His remarks caused an uproar among the members of his own party and especially the RSS men got greatly infuriated. Advani had soon to step down as BJP Chief, giving place to his own choice, Raj Nath Singh.

Then after sometime Uma Bharti, the former Chief Minister of MP revolted against the top brass of the party. As a result, she was expelled from the primary membership of the party for six years for’ indiscipline and anti-party activities. She sent a petition to the BJP disciplinary committee requesting that she be given a chance to explain her viewpoint.

She claimed that lakhs of workers were with her. Similarly, in the Shiv Sena, the revolt of Raj Thackray against Udhav Thackery, Bat Thackray’s son and would-be successor was a pointer to a deep crisis in the saffron fold. Still, later, we witnessed Raj Babbar’s charges against Amar Singh. This led to his expulsion from the Samajwadi. Party (SP). Then there was a crisis in Janata Dal (Secular) (JD—S) when H. Gowda’s son HD Kumaraswamy revolted against him and joined hands with the BJP and became Chief Minister of Karnataka. Thereafter, many BSP MLAs in UP revolted and joined SP but some soon returned to the old fold. This sort of strife in the political parties is not a good omen for real democracy in India.


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