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Solved Precis Exercise “Man and Machine” for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation Exam.

One of the defects of our civilization is that it does not know what to do with its knowledge. Science, as we have seen, has given us powers fit for the gods, yet we use them like small children. For example, we do not know how to manage our machines. Machines were made to be man’s servants, yet he has grown so dependent on them that they are in a fair way to become his masters. Most men spend most of their lives looking after and waiting upon machines. And the machines are very stern masters. They must be fed with coal, and given petrol to drink, and oil to wash with, and they must be kept at the right temperature. And if they do not get their meals when they expect them, they grow sulky and refuse to work, burst with rage and blow up and spread ruin and destruction all round them. So we have to wait upon them very attentively and do all that we can to keep them in good temper.

Already we find it difficult either to work or play without the machines and a time may come when they will rule us altogether, just as we rule the animals.

(Words:206)

Word-meaning:  Stern – harsh, Sulky – ill-tempered.

 

Precis

Civilization has given man scientific knowledge, but not the way of using it properly. Man invented machines to act as servants, but reverse has been the case. Today man is so much dependent upon them that he cannot live without them. He has to spend his life looking after them. Otherwise, they cause much destruction. Man’s dependence on machines progressively goes on increasing day by day.

Words in the Original Passage = 206

Words in the Precis = 67

Title: – Man’s Dependence on Machines

Or

Man and Machine.

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