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Present System of Education in India | Social Issue Essay, Article, Paragraph for Class 12, Graduation and Competitive Examination.

Present System of Education in India

Scheme of the essay

Exposition: For the proper working of democracy education is necessary.

Rising Action: After achieving independence many Commissions to suggest reforms were set up.


(1) The aim of these Commissions, was to make school education self-sufficient.

(2) Another purpose was to reduce educated unemployment.

(3) The examination system is defective.

(4) Studying a large number of subjects is troublesome.

(5) Our education has no contact with our culture.

Ending: Education needs overhauling.

Education is necessary for the successful working of democracy; educated voters can make a correct choice and so the working of the government will be in the larger interests of the public. Otherwise, also education in a democratic setup must aim at bringing out the hidden talent of the people and should develop the mental faculties of the individuals. The previous system of education was meant to produce clerks, so the colonial rulers were able to get workers at a cheaper rate. After achieving independence it become necessary to overhaul the system of education.

Many commissions were set up in order to bring necessary changes in the system of education. Dr. Zakir Hussain’s Committee suggested a pattern of education based upon Gandhian ideals. Consequently, multi-purpose schools were started. But they were not a great success because they should have been started f properly. Later on, Radhakrishnan Commission suggested the introduction of a higher secondary system. The latest commission- to make recommendations was the Kothari Commission. It suggested a 10+2+3 system of education.

The main aim of all these commissions was to make school education self-sufficient in itself so that the children who want to take up jobs after school education may be able to do so. Another purpose was to make college education be tackled. selective so that the problem of educated unemployment may

The new system of education has not been able to solve the basic problems of education. One of them is that there is a greater emphasis upon learning things than upon developing the talents of the children. For this, the examination system is to be blamed because within a period of three hours, it is not possible to test the knowledge of a student. Chance plays an important role in these types of tests. So far, we have not been able to discover a better system of examination. Even the system of evaluation has been under fire. It is not possible to evaluate the ideas of the children in terms of marks so accurately. Moreover, evaluation is more or less subjective.

The present system of education burdens the students with a large number of subjects. We have to unlearn at a later stage what we learn in the junior classes. This does not help bring out the hidden qualities of the children. They should be made to think themselves and should also be able to form their own opinions. This is possible if we begin with specialisation right from the beginning.

Radhakrishnan in one of his essays has pointed out that our education has lost contact with our culture. Unless the coming generations are familiar with the national culture it is not possible to have proper type of progress in any direction. Indian culture ancient as it is, has not lost its relevance even today; Western people after being dissatisfied with materialism have started turning towards Indian culture. So, it is necessary hat our children should be taught about the basic principles of our cultural heritage. The inclusion of the biographies of Nehru and Gandhi does not acquaint the children with culture thoroughly.

The educationists have always been thinking of making education job oriented. In fact education should not be tagged with any particular aim. It should be for its own sake. Education is meant for mental enlightenment and for disciplining emotions to end thinking. It should satisfy curiosity and arouse greater curiosity. But our education is responsible for a sort of repulsion children develop, even at an early stage, a positive hatred for learning.

At present it is difficult to bring drastic changes in the education system because a very large number of the people will be affected. Had this been done when India got independence it would have been easier. A common man never wants to leave the beaten track because such a course does not involve mental exertion. That is why for a change there is always a great resistance. So, it is necessary to bring changes slowly and slowly. But none can deny that our educational system needs complete overhauling.


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