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Paragraph on “World War-2” complete paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12

World War-2

Adolf Hitler became the leader of the German fascists in 1933 and formed the Nazi Party. In 1938 Adolf Hitler brought Czechoslovakia and Austria under German control, he then attacked Poland. At this stage both France and Britain declared war upon Germany and thus began the Second World War. The Germans were well equipped and, in 1940, they swept through France, forcing the French and British armies to retreat upto the beaches of Dunkirk, on the English channel. The Battle of Britain was fought between the British and German Air forces in 1940. During this period ,the Germans bombed British cities and killed a large number of civilians. In 1941 Hitler turned towards the East and invaded, the former, Soviet Union. Tough resistance was put up by the Russians and millions died in the bitter cold. The Japanese entered the World War and attacked Pearl Harbour, an American military base, on 7th December 1941. As a result of this the Americans entered the war as allies of the British. Japan continued its conquest in the east and it conquered many islands in the Pacific and began to advance into Asia. It was not till June 1942 that the American fleet of ships delivered a crushing defeat to the Japanese fleet in the Battle of Midway. This proved to be a turning point in the history of the Second World War. In November 1942 Allied troops landed in Africa and defeated the Germans in the battle of El Alamein. On the eastern front the German armies surrendered in Stalingrad, followed by the surrender of the Germans in North Africa and in 1943 by the Italians. In 1944 the allies mounted a major invasion form the beaches of Normandy and delivered a final blow to the Germans thus forcing them to surrender and end the war in Europe. The war with the Japanese lasted till the Allies dropped the Atom bombs on Japan in 1945. In September 1945 Japan too surrendered thus ending World War II. At the end of the War the death toll was estimated in excess of 40 million dead and many more crippled for life.


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