Home » Paragraph Writing » Paragraph on “Where land and sea meet” complete paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12

Paragraph on “Where land and sea meet” complete paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12

Where land and sea meet


As wind flows over the seas and oceans it creates waves in the water and these waves move the water in a circular motion towards the shores.  Land surface on the coastlines is forever changing because of the waves in the seas. These waves constantly batter the coastline and erode away rocks and land. Battering of the waves against coastal rocks, traps and

compresses air in the rock cracks, as the way, moves back, this, air suddenly expands and is released, this causes the rocks to crack. Smaller pieced of rocks which are picked up by these waves are again flung back by the water thus increasing, the effect of erosion.

Waves remove small and soft rocks much faster than the large ones and the areas which get eroded in this manner from bays. There are parts of the coastline which are made up of harder rocks, these don’t get eroded quickly and they end up forming headlands. Larger waves  have the capability of moving rocks weighing 900 to 1000 tones. Currents and waves also carry the eroded material out to sea nod deposit them elsewhere  along  the coastline. Some of the material carried by the waves and currents is dumped to form low ridges, these are not connected to the mainland and are called bars.

The constant eroding of hard rocks often results in strange formations and outcrops of land surrounded by sea water, these are called stacks. As sea waves erode into softer parts of the land, they often form caves, these get eroded to form arches, gradually the tops of these arches cave in leaving behind the stacks. Eventually erosion has its effect on stacks as well and they too collapse in the water. Most coastlines have been reduced substantially as a result of erosion and in smaller countries which are surrounded by sea, land is now being reclaimed from the sea. Storms too have their effect upon coastlines because they have the force to change a coastline in a very short period of time.


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