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NSQF Practical Guidelines 2018 of “Basic Horticulture (762)” for Class 11 CBSE

Practical Guidelines of Horticulture (762)–XI

Basic Horticulture (762)


  1. Minimum Pass Marks

The Minimum number of marks required to pass in each subject is (33) percent in the written papers and practical examination.

  1. Marks for record, Viva Project etc., in respect of Senior School Certificate Examination:

Marks allotted for laboratory Record, Viva Voice etc., should separately stated in the answer book (if answer-Books are used) and added to the marks given for other items.

The projects and the practical records, duly punched should be returned to the students concerned immediately after evaluation.

  1. Assessment of performance.

The examiners (internal) may be assigned for the conduct and assessment of Practical Examinations each in Senior Secondary School Curriculum. Question for the viva

examinations should be conducted by both the examiners.Question to be more of General nature, project work or the curriculum.Investigatory Project especially those that show

considerable amount of effort and originality, on the part of the student, should get suitable high marks, while project of a routine or stereotyped nature should only receive MEDIOCRE marks.

In the assessment and award of marks, follow strictly the marking Scheme which is given in the list of practical I.e. provided to the Examiners/Schools at the time of Examination.

Every effort should be made to reach a consensus on the marks to be awarded to individual candidates. If a difference of one or two marks still persists even after discussion the average marks should be awarded.

Marks awarded for Project / Practical activities, for viva, for project and for Practical files must be separately shown on the answer-book as the total. Award lists should be signed by the examiner.

Procedure for Assessment of practical project work in HORTICULTURE.

HORTICULTURE – In present era, the field of HORTICULTURE plays an important role in almost every sphere of our life. Horticultural crops are referred to as ‘protective

foods’ as they provide us several minerals and vitamins which protects us from several ailments. It has penetrated in every field of our existence. It mainly deals with growing of

fruits, vegetables & ornamental crops and their value addition.


Practical: The list of practical is given in the curriculum


Time: 2 Hours Marks: 40

  1. Visit to a Garden/orchard/vegetable farm .
  2. Identification of major fruit crops of our country.
  3. Identification of major vegetable crops (Kharif / Rabi / Zaid) of our country.
  4. Identification of major flower crops of our country.
  5. Identification of ornamental/avenue/lawn (grasses, hedge, edge) plants of our country.
  6. Identification of indoor and outdoor foliage ornamentals (succulent, bulbous etc.).
  7. Propagation through seeds .
  8. Propagation through cutting- Sucker, Layering (air & ground), Runners and grafting
  9. Preparation of pot for planting- Cleaning, Media Preparation, Filling.
  10. Identification of different Fertilizers- NPK.
  11. Identification of organic Manures- FYM, vermin compost, Cakes, Bone meal.
  12. Preparation of model of a low cost storage structure for horticultural produce.


Project 1- Prepare a herbarium of different flower crops of your locality.

Project 2- Model of a low-cost storage structure.

Project 3- Layout plan for a nursery.

Project 4- Demonstrate different methods of vegetative propagation.

However, it is suggested here that teachers may also frame similar projects to test skills of students.

The mark for the projects will be assessed by the subject teachers through a well planned rubric, keeping in view the basic knowledge of the subject, core content,,quality of the

project and presentation of work.

As students do not have an external examiners, teachers could follow similar pattern as enunciated for Grade XII.

To improve students’ presentation skills, it is suggested that the students may be trained to present final project.

Students should demonstrate their capacity to handle a project in the examination hall. They should be able to explain the procedure and make the flowchart of project. The

correctness and quality of the project in accordance to the time limit should be kept in mind before grading the child. Further, the time limit should be enough for project work.

Viva based on Project -10 marks

  1. Name few flowers grown during winter season?
  2. Why farmers of our country need low cost storage structure?
  3. Can you name few yellow-coloured flowers?
  4. Why most of the horticultural crops are propagated through vegetative means?
  5. Name some fruits propagated through cuttings?
  6. Which fruit plant is propagated by runners?
  7. Under what circumstances, fruits are propagated through seeds?
  8. Name some indoor plants?
  9. Discuss different parts of a model nursery?
  10. 10.What is vermicom post?

The examiner conducting the final practical examination may ask verbal questions related to the project, if any, done by the student. Alternatively, if no project has been

assigned to the students, viva may be based on questions of practical nature from the field of subject as per the Curriculum.

Practical File/ Report / portfolio or Power Point presentation -10 Marks

Students are required to prepare a practical file having all the experiment listed in the curriculum.

The examiner may access the practical file based on following methodology:

Prepare a power point Presentation (Maximum 5 slides)


Draw/demonstrate the work done in the file using block diagram/circuit diagram/flowchart.

Students need to present their practical work. Alternatively, if they can’t be assigned a power point presentation then they can communicate their practical work defining the

procedure, precautions observed while preparing the practical file.

Demonstration of skill competency via Lab Activities -10 marks

Prepare a flower/ vegetable bed.


Identify different flowers grown in your school premises.


Prepare a pot for planting of a sapling.


Activity question to be created by examiner, to be conducted on the day of practical.


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