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Essay, Paragraph, Speech on “Our National Flag” Complete Paragraph, Speech for Classes 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12.

Our National Flag

Essay No. 01

“It will be necessary for us Indians— Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Jews, Parsis and all others to whom India is their home-to recognize a common flag to live and die for.” –

 Mahatma Gandhi’s quote on our Indian Flag.

The Constituent Assembly which drew up the Constitution of India, adopted, on 22 July 1947, the tricolour as Independent India’s National Flag. After a debate, the Dharma Chakra of emperor Ashoka was included in the central white stripe of the flag. The same chakra adorns the state emblem adopted from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka in addition to the motto from the Mundaka Upanishad, Satyameva Jayate which means: Truth alone triumphs. The chakra or the wheel symbolizes the power of the state governed by Dharma, which is the primaeval Indian system of justice that is the bedrock, not only of governance but of the socio-politico-economic edifice itself.

The National Flag of India is a horizontal tricolour in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is two to three (2 : 3). In the centre of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue to indicate the Dharma Chakra, the wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion Capital. This centre symbol or the ‘Chakra’, is a Buddhist symbol dating back to the 200th Century B.C. Its diameter approximates the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes, which intends to exhibit that there is life in movement and death in stagnation. Their saffron stands for courage, sacrifice and spirit of renunciation; the white for purity and truth; the green for faith and fertility.

The significance of the colours and the chakra in the National Flag was amply described by Dr S. Radhakrishnan in the Constituent Assembly which unanimously adopted in the National Flag. Dr S. Radhakrishna explained – “Bhagwa or the saffron. colour denotes renunciation of disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work. The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct. The green implies our relation to soil, our relation to the plant life here on which all other life depends. The Ashoka wheel in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or Satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principles of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must more and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.”

On 26th January 2002, the flag code was changed. After 52 years, the citizens of India are free to fly the Indian flag over their homes, offices and factories on any day. Except for some basic rules to follow while flying the flags, all other restrictions have been removed. Now India can proudly display the National Flag anywhere and anytime. There are some rules and regulations upon how to fly the flag, based on the 26th January 2002 legislation.

The positive point about the National Flag is that it may be hoisted in educational institutions (schools, colleges, sports camps, scout camps, etc.) to inspire respect for the flag. An oath of allegiance has been included in the flag hoisting in schools. A member of the public, a private organization or an educational institution may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honour of the National Flag. Section 2 of the new code accepts the rights of all citizens to fly the flag on their premises

The flag cannot be used for communal gains, drapery or clothes. As far as possible it should be flown from sunrise to sunset irrespective of the weather.

The flag cannot be intentionally allowed to touch the ground or the floor or trail in the water. It cannot be draped over the hood, top, and sides or back of vehicles, trains, boats, or aircraft.

No other flag or bunting can be placed higher than the flag. Also, no object, including the flowers or garlands or emblems can be placed on or above the flag. The in colour cannot be used as a festoon, rosette or bunting.

The Indian national flag was hoisted on Mt. Everest, the highest peak in the world, on May 29, 1953, along with the Union Jack and the Nepalese National Flag. In 1971, the Indian flag went into space onboard Appollo-15. It flew into space as a medallion on the spacesuit worn by Cosmonaut Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma, during the Indo-Soviet joint space flight in April 1984. Amiably we also called our National flag by the popular name “TIRANGA”.



Our National Flag

Essay No. 02

Every free country has its own National flag. It is called the national flag. The national flag of India is in tricolour (Tiranga) of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions. It inspired our leaders to fight against the English. It has saffron, white and green colours. The saffron colour represents the ideal of sacrifice and service of our freedom fighters. The white colour stands for purity and peace on earth and goodwill for mankind. The green colour shows the greenery of the earth and our relationship with nature. In the middle of the flag, we have the “Dharma Chakra” of Ashoka. It represents our great ideals of Truth and Ahinsa’. The design of the National Flag of India was adopted by India’s constituent assembly, on 22nd July 1947. The late Prime Minister Pandit Nehru called it a flag not only of freedom for ourselves but a symbol of freedom for all people.


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