Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “Leadership Qualities” Complete English Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “Leadership Qualities” Complete English Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Leadership Qualities

A leader, to be successful, has to motivate and influence others. He has to get genuinely interested in others and learn to give lavish appreciation. Another important factor is avoiding criticism. All of us know that no one likes criticism. In fact, no one admits that he has made a mistake. No one ever blames himself, although the whole world may condemn him as the guilty one.

Let us take the case of Adolf Hitler who is regarded as primarily responsible for World War II. The Allies condemned Hitler and his associates as the worst offenders against humanity and greatest of war criminals. But Hitler or for that matter, those of his lieutenants who survived him never admitted that they were wrong. They defended themselves stoutly saying they did everything for the sake of their German fatherland and that the Allies were to blame themselves for all that happened.

The thinking of notorious criminals and dacoits is no different. All of them regard themselves as champions of the poor. They feel that they are being punished, or put behind the bars for no faults of theirs. In the same way, when confronted with criticism, each individual tries to justify himself or herself. Whether young or old, friends or foes, known ones or strangers, nobody relishes criticism. A leader should, therefore, think before criticising anyone and should always try to avoid it.

Anyway, what is the object of criticising one or finding fault with another individual? What do we hope to accomplish by criticising another individual? Every time we get the urge to criticise, we should ask this question to ourselves: is it our intention to correct and improve the other person? Do you really feel that, with your criticism, the other person will mend his ways? Since everybody resents criticism, the question of changing and improving will not arise. On the other hand, he will defend justify and persist with greater vigour and determination. Thus, criticism, instead of motivating one to act the way you want, will induce him to do just the opposite. If criticism cannot bring about improvements on the part of others, why then do many indulge in it? Perhaps, some get c feeling of importance by resorting to running down others. They try to show themselves off by finding fault with others. In the process, they not only expose themselves but also earn the enmity and hatred of others. What is more, as we have seen, the craving to feel important is universal. The person who is being criticised has his own ego and self-esteem. He will not accept the criticism meekly. He will react violently and indulge in scathing counter-criticism. The net result would be nothing but washing the dirty linen in public. As everybody knows, the split in the Indian National Congress developed because of top leaders’ stringent and biting public criticism of one another.

There is another important reason why criticism should be avoided. Criticism and condemnation kill the initiative. It often makes people abandon their efforts. It breeds inferiority Complex and there are instances where uncharitable criticism has driven people to go mad or even commit suicide. The recent example of U.P. Ranji Trophy cricketer Ram Babu’s suicide bears testimony to the view. Fully realising the ill-effects of criticism, Dr Samuel Johnson observed: “God Himself, Sir, does not propose to judge man until the end of his days.” It is, therefore, foolhardy on our part to rush and criticise others. According to Charles Shwab, “There is nothing else that so kills the ambitions of a man as criticism from his superiors.” He declared I never criticise anyone. I believe in giving a man, incentive to work. So, I am anxious to praise but loath, to find fault. If I like anything I am hearty in my approbation and lavish in my praise.”

We should refrain from criticism when we try to understand others. If we put ourselves in the shoes of the other individual and look at the things from his point of view, we will at once realise why and how he acted the way he had acted. What is more, each individual is conditioned by his environmental factor. He is often a helpless victim of circumstances. You and I know very well that all our actions are not strictly rational and logical. We act on impulse, swayed by emotions and influenced by likes, dislikes and other such prejudices. The leader must therefore, understand others, look at the matter from the others’ point of view, give appreciation and avoid criticism. No one can claim to be perfect and beyond improvement. There s room for improvement even among the best of us. We should, therefore, correct ourselves, dear our own doorsteps, and not point out the snow on the roof of other’s house.

The success of Mahatma Gandhi and Abraham Lincoln can be traced to this great quality on their part to avoid criticising others. Gandhiji blamed himself and tried to purify himself by resorting to fasts but never uttered a word of criticism either `or the British or other Indian political leaders. Lincoln scrupulously avoided rash and hasty criticism. He did not mail his letters with adverse comments immediately. He held them back and generally they were destroyed and never found their way to the intended addressees. A leader can try to be wiser Than others but he should never tell others so. Vilhjalmur Stefansson, a famous explorer and scientist, observed, ‘A scientist never tries to prove anything; he attempts only to find the facts: The same rule applies to a leader. He should  first find the facts. He should avoid criticism. Instead, he must understand and appreciate the good points in his followers.

The question that one may ask is: How a leader can improve his followers and bring out the best in them, if he decides to close his eyes to their shortcomings? A leader, where he considers it essential, has to draw the attention of the individual concerned to his limitations, errors, omissions and commissions. But this has to be done tactfully. It should be done after understanding the situation and with due appreciation. It should be converted to helpful suggestions instead of harsh criticism. Instead of downright condemnation a leader should ask questions. He should gently point out in an objective manner, where things have gone wrong. Often practical demonstration, instead of mere words will produce the desired results. A leader should listen more and encourage the other party to talk. He should give an opportunity to the other to save his face. He should make the other person realize his mistake and should not force him to admit or own it.

As said earlier, the aim is not simply to find fault but to bring about improvement. One improvement factor we should bear in mind is not to criticise anyone in public, that is, in the presence of others. The golden rule is to praise in public and reprimand in private, if need be. The ego and self-esteem will drive people to defend themselves and justify their actions when they are criticised in public. We should therefore, avoid criticism and if at all we have to say something unpalatable, we must give it sugar coating, make it appear as a suggestion and administer it in strict privacy. Before pointing out the mistakes, we must generously give honest appreciation and sincere praise to their good points. We must approach the individual in a friendly way and get him or her into a receptive mood.

Wherever possible, we must draw their attention to the blunders in an indirect manner. It would be extremely helpful to talk about our own mistakes before pointing out the mistakes of the other individual. The mistake should not be unduly magnified out of all proportions It must be made to appear as easy one capable of correction. If he tries to save his face, we must accept his explanations at face value. In fact, we can give the other person a grand reputation to live up to.

A leader, who has to influence and motivate others, Should, therefore, avoid criticism as far as possible. He will find hardly any occasion to criticise others if he takes genuine interest in the other individual. look at the things from the other’s viewpoint and give sincere and honest appreciation for which the other has a gnawing craving and insatiable hunger. Proper understanding and appreciation will eliminate the need for criticism. Where mistakes have to be brought to the notice for bringing about improvements in the future, it has to be done in a friendly and tactful manner to produce the desired results. A leader, who avoids criticism as a rule, will be favoured with phenomenal success.


The main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *