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Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “The World of Twenty –First Century” Complete Paragraph or Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation.

The World of Twenty-First Century

Mankind has completed 2,000 years of its existence since the birth of Lord Jesus Christ. The man comes to his earth (through the processes of natural selection and natural evolution) nearly one million years ago. Today, he is the undisputed master of this part of the universe. He has come a long way and has many more miles to go. Let us see what the future holds for him in this new era of time.

In the twenty-first century, the main feature of this world would be the excess of the human populace. We are more than six billion in number and this number is growing at a geometric pace in many parts of the world. The excess human populace would put an unbearable burden on the natural resources of the world. Germs-free foods, pure water, shelter, medicines, costly life-saving equipment, education, transportation, and civic amenities would be costly and scarce. A large number of people would vie for limited resources. This struggle would be more prominent in Asia and Africa. Political upheavals, strife, violence as large-scale, murders, and arson would be witnessed. These mega-events may also lead to major wars, which would consequently lead to the reduction of population in those two continents.

The excess population would also lead to the exploitation of natural resources of mother earth. Thus, the planet would face serious problems in its wind cycles, climatic transitions, and natural water bodies. Many rivers would face the threat of drying up in the wake of exploitation of the habitat near their origins. Forest covers would deplete at a fast rate, this making several wild animals and plants extinct. Tiger and leopard may become extinct within twenty-five years from now if they are not protected by poachers and wild skin traffickers. These climatic variations would also affect crop production and natural water cycles. Thus, rains may not fall in time. If at all they will fall, they will be acid rains (because of excessive production of sulfur dioxide by vehicles and factories the world over.)

Poverty levels would be reduced in developing nations. But most of the Least Developed Nations (LDCs) would not be able to align themselves with the commonly adopted economic policies. Thus, poverty levels would be increased in these nations. This phenomenon would lead to wars, internal chaos, and bloodshed. Ultimately, these nations will realize the need to align their economics with the global economy. Thus, they will be ‘reborn ‘and start their journeys afresh in the economic jungle of the world. Many developing nations (like China, India, Indonesia, etc.) will become developed by 2050 AD. But the rich-poor divide will always remain in India.

India will emerge as a regional superpower in Asia. However, China would dominate her in economic and strategic fields. The new pole of the world would be China and nations like Korea, Vietnam, Myanmar, and Pakistan would be her satellites. Russia would not be able to support the Chinese openly because she needs Western economic assistance. Therefore, she would remain in a dilemma. She would have to woo the Americans as well the Chinese to remain afloat in the turbulent oceans of the global polity. Many strategic treaties would be signed receiving end. However, her relations with the west would improve and her nuclear arsenal would not pose much threat to Europe or America.

Democratic governments would be allowed to carry on the tasks of developments, global orientation, and social reforms. Europe would become a single nation and also, the most prosperous market of the new century. It will compete with China, India, the USA, and some nations of South America in the arena of global trade. Britain will try to maintain its own (different) identity. She may not join, the EU at all, as is evident from her denial in the context of joining the Euro Currency System.

Sports stars would break new records. Man would concentrate on his education, health mental satisfaction, and leisure. Internet would be used freely and for all vital activities. The ICE age (the era of Information, Communication, and Entertainment) has already arrived. Every home in the West will have an Internet connection. Business activities, leisure, and information exchange will be the chief features of this technology. There will be the development of art forms like painting, sculpture making, music, and others. Indian arts and crafts will steal the limelight and will be revered the world over.

Western influences will dominate in the East Eastern thoughts will shake the ideologies of the west. But the synergistic effects of the confluence of these two (different) thoughts would lead to a new era of spiritualism. The youth will be busy with drugs, alcohol, and other act of overindulgence. Thus, only the elders and veterans will think seriously about religion, life, death, and spiritualism.

Science and technologies will lead us to new horizons. Cures for deadly diseases will be found. Aircraft will fly at the speeds of MACH 10 or higher Men will have many space stations and colonies, Settlement of human populaces on Mars cannot be ruled out. New plants and solar systems will be identified but research efforts designed to explore them will be costly as well as time-consuming.

The efficiency of humans will increase. But they will work like cogs in machines. Computerization will be nearly one hundred percent. Consumers of the world will be mesmerized by the amazing variety of foods. FMCGs, flying cars, and other products. Service-based economics will have maximum GDP growth rates (nearly 10-11 percent). Manufacturing-based economics will continue to have GDP growth rates between 5-8 percent. Advanced economies will “heart up” quite often or face lethargy (recession). This phenomenon would affect all the economics of the world, mostly in a negative manner.

In sum, there will be all-around development of the human race in the hundred years to come. But we may suffer on the environmental front. The leaders of the world will find solutions to most economic, social, environmental, and human problems. Science, engineering, computerization, medicine, spiritualization, and other arts and crafts would also reach the pinnacles of perfection within 50 or 60 years from now.


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