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Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “The Brain-Drain Problem India” Complete Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

The Brain-Drain Problem India


Talent is not the preserve of a single country. There are proficient personnel in every country—scientists, experts in technology, men of literature or liberal arts, the painters, the artistes and so on. These extraordinarily talented men and women contribute to the progress and prosperity of the land of their birth as well as bring excellence to their field of expertise. It is not uncommon that some of these brilliant persons are unable to obtain jobs to their satisfaction in, their own land or for one reason or the other are unable to adjust to their environment such circumstances, these persons migrate to other lands in search of better job prospects or more material comforts. This exodus or emigration has come to be known in recent years as “Brain-Drain”.

The developing countries are the most affected ones in this loss of their skilled and talented persons. The main reason behind this is that in developing countries there are less beneficial prospects in salaries and other facilities. It is possible that the amount of salary may not in every case matter so much to these intellectuals as proper opportunities for enhancing their faculties or improving their talent to give them the feeling of highest fulfillment. Thus, a scientist or a specialist in medicine or any other branch of knowledge may even reconcile to a lower pay and other hardships if there is a better recognition of his capability, a greater appreciation for his work, and especially better chances of research and improvement in his field of specialisation. Thus,’ a better-equipped laboratory or a library can help a large percentage of these national ‘brain’ to abstain from leaving their motherland in spite of higher salaries in foreign countries.

The brains of a country require continuous nourishment, replenishment and advancement. Money, though a great temper, however, cannot keep these superhuman beings couped up within a certain limit for ever. They need an unending scope to help their genius bloom to maturity, they need fulfillment of their God-gifted capabilities. It may be that material wealth is also a big allurement but it forms only an insignificant part of the fulfillment they need. When a scientist leaves his own country and opts for another, what motivates his action in that country he hopes to realise his dreams, gives complete ropes to his ambition.

It is also not uncommon that an ambitious person in order to earn a bigger wealth moves into a foreign country because his own country imposes too many restrictions, politically and legally, on the attainment of his heart’s desires. Lack of resources and chances have thus prompted eligible people from developing countries to move into the freer political atmosphere of USA and also Japan, Hongkong and Singapore in search of better opportunities. On the other hand, there are fewer persons from the developed countries who have left their countries in favour of the developing ones. Certainly, instances are there when fortune-hunters from the developed countries have flocked into the developing ones in search of mineral wealth of natural resources, but their quest had always been different from that of the intellectuals from the developing world. The glitter of the higher standard of living of the developed countries had always been a great impetus to people from the developing regions, and the intellectuals and the specialists have not been able to get rid of the craze for glamour. The result has been that majority of the brains from the developing countries are happy to acquire a standard of living and a set of consumer goods like cars, refrigerators, televisions, etc., which even an ordinary citizen in these developed countries possess, little realising that what they get is far below the accomplishment that they are capable of or should be proud of. The question at this point is as to what effect the brain-drain has on the national economy and what measures, if any, should be adopted by the affected country to stem the flow of this ‘drain’. In answer we may say that the effect of the brain-drain will be considered a great loss if these lost persons could have been utilised to enhance national economy and development. If, on the other hand, their talents cannot be put to proper use in the home country, it would be better for the country to let these high-caliber men to go out and search and make their own destiny. In such a case, the so-called ‘brain-drain’, really becomes ‘brain over flow’. Simply because they belong to this State, it does not seem to be right that their capacities should be wasted thus pushing these high-strung people to frustration. If the nation to which these talented men belong cannot make use of their genius in the best possible manner, there is no harm in letting the outer world derive benefit from their talents and capabilities.

The economic problems involved in the brain-drain cannot be resolved so easily. While the State may try to offer all sorts of facilities as appear reasonable to these superior men and women, the latter should recognize and appreciate the spirit of reciprocity. These brainy persons should attempt to cultivate a greater love and devotion for their country and should not leave it at their first opportunity. There may be injustice, disparities and-partialities—no country can boast of total elimination of these evils, but they ought to remember that they are the enlightened ones. It is their duty to lead and guide others, not to feel depressed or grumble. Those who fought for freedom of the country had also to withstand far greater strains and humiliations than the common people.

Further, the intellectuals who are deserters should also realise that their motherland is the only place where they can reach maximum height of glory and recognition and also patronage. In foreign countries in spite of the higher salaries and the higher standard of living, They will always be virtual outcasts. The warmth and the sincerity that they could expect to get at home constitute a much higher compensation than the fat salaries or other comforts and facilities they earn abroad.

It is also difficult for a developing country to allot proper remunerations to the units whether they are men or materials. It is when production is more than the claimants may ask for more, but before that stage comes, it is the duty of every incumbent in a State to work for its betterment if not for anything else, at least for the civic and political rights which every citizen is entitled to in his State. Patriotism is a natural sentiment which cannot be thrust from without. If the departing brains have any love for their country they would not forsake their country and their rights to become an alien in another country. If they do not respond, the motherland has not much to lose because a developing country losing its brains could not utilise them and so their departure will not make any material difference. When the country advances economically and industrially, new brains will crop up and they may not like to leave as by that time the country may itself be able to offer better amenities to persons of special caliber. Thus, though the departing brains do have their viewpoint and the genuine grievances, yet their actions do not look rational.


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