Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “Rural Uplift in India” Complete Paragraph or Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “Rural Uplift in India” Complete Paragraph or Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Rural Uplift in India

Essay No. 01

India is an agricultural country. But the condition of Indian villages is not satisfactory. They are very backward. Poor farmers live and pass their time. They live in dirty surroundings.

In free India, every effort is being made to improve the condition of the Villages. The declared policy of our Government is to have rural uplift. The Zamindari System has been abolished. Villages Panchayats have been set up. Fields are being consolidated. Every facility is now given for irrigation. Cooperative Societies are now giving loans at very cheap rates. Good manures and improved seeds are now being supplied through blocks. The Government is helping the villagers to have cottage industries. Their lot is improving no doubt.

But still much has to be done. There must be a hospital and a primary school in every village. Girl’s schools must be opened. Education should be made free and compulsory. Night Schools must be opened for illiterate grown-ups. There must be one agricultural college for every hundred villages. Land should be available to every tiller. Villagers should be taught to live near and clean. They should have moral lessons. The Police and the Lekhpal troubles must go.

Most of the villagers have social evils. There is child marriage still going on. Purdah system and untouchability are still present. Villagers are still superstitious. All these evils must go through education. The Government and the public should join hands to improve village life.

Villages are the souls of our country. Our country will not progress if the condition of our villages does not improve. Gandhiji was right when he said India lives in her villages. Her prosperity depends on them.

Essay No. 02

Rural Upliftment

Despite rapidly decreasing agricultural land, India will remain an agricultural country. There was a time when the Indian villages were happy and prosperous. However, over the years the living conditions in villages have deteriorated.

Improper methods of farming, illiteracy, ancient tools, and lack of awareness are some of the reasons behind the pitiable state of Indian villagers.

Thanks to widespread publicity and special interest shown by various non-governmental and official agencies, the dismal situation in the villagers are now improving. Together these agencies have sought to tackle the problems of illiteracy, awareness, health, family welfare, and agricultural practices on a war-footing.

Health and family welfare-Efforts are being made to create awareness among the villagers to keep neat and clean. By using audiovisual methods, door-to-door campaigns, and grass-root workers a villager is made to understand the benefits of a healthy diet, vaccinations, proper waste, and sewerage disposal, and hygienic surroundings. Most of the villagers favor large families. Repeated discussions and real-life examples are being used to drive home the importance of keeping a family small.

Lack of proper medical facilities has often taken a heavy toll on life in the villages. This drawback has been remedied by setting up primary health care centers and charitable hospitals in the vicinity of villages. Selected villagers have also been trained to provide the necessary first aid in case of any emergency. Traditional systems of medicines like the Ayurveda are also encouraged so as to provide accessible medical aid to the villagers.

Removal of illiteracy–It is seen that often the root cause of nearly all the evils that pervade a rural society is illiteracy. Various steps have been taken by the government and other social organizations to spread literacy in the villages. Parliamentary and state legislations have ensured compulsory education for children up to the age of fourteen. Elementary education has been made free in many states. Mid-day meals and attendance allowance are provided as an incentive to students to attend school. Numerous residential schools have been opened for children belonging to the nomadic tribes. Similarly ‘charwaha-vidhyalayas’ have been opened for children who have to take the cattle out to the pastures every day. National literacy mission, operation blackboard and each one teach one scheme has been targeted at the adult illiterates and children alike. In these efforts, informal schools and night-schools run by volunteers and school children have been encouraged. Special incentives have been given to the girl child so that she can also become literate like her brothers.

Agricultural systems-Rural poverty can also be traced to antiquated systems of agriculture. Efforts have been made to promote agriculture on scientific lines. For this farmers are trained in new agricultural methods by field demonstrations given by experts belonging to different agricultural universities. Special provisions have also been made for children coming from agrarian communities in these universities. The use of television and radio has played an important role in changing the views of the farmers about agricultural practices. Availability of good quality manure, hybrid seeds, and cattle, latest sowing and harvesting machines, etc. have made farmers prosperous. Low-interest loans and crop insurance have imbibed confidence in a farmer, besides rescuing him from the clutches of the local moneylender.

Reorganization of the rural industry and Panchayat system-Another factor which is likely to play a pivotal role in the rural upliftment is the development of rural industries villagers has a vast treasure of skills in weaving, handicraft, drawings and painting, carpentry, etc. These skills should be developed in order to earn valuable foreign exchange from the markets abroad. Steps should also be taken to popularize them in the domestic market. Sporadic efforts are being made by different states and private organizations to promote them. However, a concerted effort needs to be made if rural arts and crafts are to become a part of our everyday life.

Linked to all the developmental activities of a village is the village panchayat. It is through the village panchayat that the development works are routed. Reservation for women in them is one of the major steps taken in recent times. The success of this system depends largely upon the will and awareness of the villagers themselves.

Hence if rural India is to once again occupy a pride of place in our country, all the above-mentioned factors should be combined with the public will to improve the life of Indian villagers.


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