Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “Earthquakes” Complete English Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “Earthquakes” Complete English Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.


A forceful shaking of the earth’s surface is called an ‘earthquake’. An earthquake is an alarming experience. It is a natural calamity. An earthquake is also known as, temblor or ‘quake’. It is the result of a sudden release of energy within the earth. From time to time, earthquakes take place in different parts of the world.

Earthquakes are one of the greatest tragedies that ruin life and property. An earthquake of a moderate strength lasts only for a few seconds. However, a stronger quake can last for a few minutes causing regular shocks. Such quakes can cause enormous destruction. When an earthquake strikes, uneasiness spreads all over. People rush out of their houses in the open places to save their lives. However, some people are trapped in their houses that collapse with the first tremor. Those who are little late to escape are caught and crushed under the falling structures. Sometimes roads are completely broken and railway lines are twisted and uprooted. Dams, water pipes and electric lines are badly damaged resulting in floods and fire.

Three types of waves are generated after earthquake takes place. They are known as primary waves or push waves, secondary waves or share waves and surface or long waves. Primary waves have very high speed that increases while travelling through solid rocks. They reach at the surface of the earth with sudden bang. Secondary waves do not pass through liquids and are slower than primary waves. Surface waves are slow, mild and move just along the surface of the earth. They have long duration. They can be most devastating and can cause displacement of the rocks. These waves can tremor the base of manmade structures.

There are devastating effects of earthquake. When an earthquake strikes, buildings tremble and collapse leading to immense loss to life and property. Transport and communication facilities are completely disturbed as roads, railways and bridges gets devastated. At times fires break out as an impact on earthquake because electric wires and gas pipelines are ruined. The surface of the earth develops cracks leading landslides in hilly regions. This destroys the local settlements. Where there is abandon amount of ground water, it rushes out in the form of fountains. The abrupt displacement of water results in tsunamis on the coastline areas. The sea floor shifts upward and downward abruptly.

Men are forced to face this natural disaster. Until now, no solution is found to avoid earthquakes. We are helpless in front of this natural disaster. Government and other organizations of the affected areas try to help the wounded and sufferers. Social organizations also raise funds for the earthquake victims.


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