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Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “Drug Addiction: Causes and Remedies” Complete English Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Drug Addiction: Causes and Remedies

Drug addiction in India, in recent times, has assumed menacing proportions and the evil is increasing by leaps and bounds. It is widespread, extending even in the hostels and campuses of the universities and technical and professional institutions of the country.

The young minds of today have been fascinated by the drugs and intoxicants. These drugs have taken the toll of several thousand innocent young lives in India as well as abroad. The drug mafia has spread its influence in all the five continents and every city, rural area or semi-urban conglomeration could be possible target of drug peddlers. The human race would be completely destroyed if the young boys and girls were to remain addicted to drugs.

Charas, ganja, heroin, smack or brown sugar, bhang, sedatives, stimulants, narcotics, nicotine, analgesics, opiates, tranquilizers, hallucinogens and LSD are in great demand and are purchased at exorbitant prices.

Drugs penetrate deeper into mind and psyche of the youth even if taken once. A single dose of drug forces the user to consume more drugs and in higher doses. This habit-forming tendency leads to excessive consumption of drugs.

Initially, only a small quantity of drugs is able to soothe the consumer. He goes to cloud nine and feels relaxed and calm. But when the effect of the drug withers away, the body mechanism demands more of the drug. The drug is able to capture the mind and the body. After a few years, even large doses are also not able to lead to relaxation and the ‘cloud nine feeling”. Hence, the user consumes very heavy dosages and thus, he loses control over his body-and -mind occur in the extreme cases in which the user becomes a drug addict and consumes the drug for 10-18 years. The end of the drug addict is very painful. Taking of drugs is a great evil.

A number of causes are responsible for the evil. In many homes, growing boys and girls do not get the love care and attention which they should get at this tender age. Often both the parents are in service and have no time to look after their children.

In other cases, the husband and the wife are not on good terms with each other. They often quarrel, the quarrels increase in intensity and violence and life at home becomes most unhappy and unpleasant. Such quarrels may lead even to divorce and the breaking up of the family. In some cases, the father remains busy in his business or office work and the mother remains too busy in her own social life to look after the children.

The result is that young people in such homes feel lonely and neglected. They feel frustrated. Deprived totally of parental love and affection, they seek consolation elsewhere. They go astray and their so-called friends who are themselves drug-addicts, mislead them and induce them. at least, to have a taste of it. The drug-sellers exploit them fully. Drugs are provided quite cheap to them in the beginning but the price goes on increasing as this evil habit takes hold of them and they can no longer do without drugs.

Drug addiction is an acute problem which has defied all efforts made for its solutions so far. The drug addict cannot do without the drug even for a short while and the habit goes on increasing and soon the addict finds himself a helpless victim of this degrading habit. He must get his dose of it at the fixed time and if he does not get it, he weeps and cries and becomes incapable of performing the least movement. The result is that he borrows money or he steals it from his own home or from any other place which may be within his reach. He or she is exploited in various ways by his or her so-called friends or the sellers of these drugs The drug addicts steal and quarrel with their parents and other members of !he family, so much so that the life in the home becomes a hell. Often the evil results in suicide and the ruin of the whole family. The only beneficiaries are the vendors of these drugs who thrive while their victims perish.

Alcohol is habit-forming and is not so harmful if not taken in excess. The flushing and cleansing effect of alcohol is well known. But some boys and girls consume too much of the same and hence diseases like liver failure, renal problems and strains on the heart have been detected among them. Many researchers have proved that alcohol is also responsible for development of certain types of cancers. Alcohol may be taken in moderation but if it becomes an addiction it is harmful.

Tobacco is a great killer. It falls under the drug category ‘nicotine’. Nicotine consumption is habit-forming. Tobacco users fall prey to oral cancer, lung cancer, high blood pressure, angina and heart attacks. Normally, the end comes twenty years after the first usage. Many young people are able to avoid it or leave it after consuming for a few years. But normally they are not able to quit smoking and chewing tobacco. It is unfortunate that many school-going girl students also resort to smoking and eventually they suffer due to miscarriage or birth disorders of their babies. This phenomenon is very prominent in the West.

Tea and coffee are mild drugs. They are flushed out of human body after a few hours of consumption. But excessive consumption of tea and coffee invites ulcers, acidity, liver disorders, stomach ache, jaundice and indigestion. If taken in limited quantity these drugs are not harmful.

‘Drug consumption is the biggest bane for the society. The drug addict falls into the evil nets of drug peddling, illicit sex, AIDS and criminal activities. He or she is never able to come out of this vicious circle.

Complete eradication of this evil is the urgent need of the hour and fight against it must be undertaken on a war footing and on a number of fronts. Public opinion must be created against it and the different media of mass communication—the newspapers, periodicals, the radio, the television, the cinema, the public platform and the class room—must be pressed into service to combat the evil. People, especially the youth, must be made aware of the evil consequences of this habit. They must be made to realise that the friends who initiate them into this evil practice are not their friends but their enemies. They exploit them for their own nefarious ends.

Also, there must be a concentrated drive against smugglers who smuggle these drugs into the country and make huge profits by selling them to their unlucky, helpless victims. Thirdly, de-addiction centres must be established, at least in all major cities where the victims of this vicious practice may be treated and gradually weaned away from it. The drug addicts need sympathy and an understanding of their problems. They should be essentially treated as sick people and not condemned as wicked criminals. Change in social attitude is also essential for successfully tackling the problem.

There is no doubt that the government is fully alive to the urgency of this problem. Mass media has already started highlighting the evil consequences of this problem and influencing public opinion against it. Programmes aimed at eradication of this evil are televised frequently. The drive against smugglers and vendors of these drugs has been intensified and huge quantities are being seized practically everyday. De-addiction centres for the treatment of these helpless people have already been established in cities like Delhi and Mumbai and it is hoped that more and more areas would soon have such centres. The fight against this social evil has started but its eradication is a matter of time only.

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