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Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “Architect of Indian Constitution —Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar” Complete English Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Architect of Indian Constitution —Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar


Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is regarded as one of the towering figures of Indian politics. He was born on 14th April 1891 in a poor family. Every year 14th April is observed as Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti. He was extremely intelligent right from his childhood days. With great determination in him, he studied very hard and became lawyer.

Dr. Ambedkar had to face many difficulties in his early age because he belonged to the community of untouchables. Even in his school, he was made to sit outside the classroom. He was not allowed to mix up with the other students of the higher caste. Despite such and many more difficulties, young Ambedkar never lost heart. By the virtue of his hard-work and dedication, he earned several scholarships to support his education. He even went abroad to complete his degree in Economics and Political Science.

After he returned to India, he decided to fight against social evils like caste system and other inequalities faced by the lower sections of society. He started various social campaigns. He demanded that people belonging to the lower caste must be given special reservation in the Government sector. His increasing popularity and immense knowledge made him one of the Architect of Indian Constitution. The fact that he had suffered inequalities during his young age made him the most suitable candidate to draft laws of social justice. The Constitution drafted by Dr. Ambedkar guarantees economic, social and political justice to all the segments of society. He presented the Constitution based on the principles of democracy, equality and fraternity. Therefore, he is called as the ‘Architect of Indian Constitution’.

In both Round Table Conferences of 1930 and 1931, Dr. Ambedkar asked for separate electorates for Dalits. In the following year, British Prime Minister Ramsay Mac’donald declared independent constituency for Dalits. According to the Pune Pact signed between Gandhiji and Dr. Ambedkar in 1932, Dalits were allowed to hold 18% reservation in joint constituency. Dr. Ambedkar also formed ‘Independent Labour Party’ and later in 1942, ‘Scheduled Caste Federation’ for the political rights of Dalits. Ho Weyer, one of his most important political achievements was the drafting the Indian Constitution.

According to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, “A just society is that society in which ascending sense of reverence and descending sense of contempt is dissolved into the creation of a compassionate society.” He was greatly influenced by the Buddhist scriptures. He also wrote on the Buddhist faith. In his later years, he formally converted himself to Buddhism. His book ‘Buddha and Karl Marx’ was completed just a few days before his death.

Dr. Ambedkar is still remembered as one of the key architects of the Indian Constitution who devoted his life to fight for social justice and abolishing inequality.


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