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Essay on “Television in India” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Television in India

4 Best Essay on “Television in India”

Essay No. 01

Televisions become a very powerful instrument of instruction, education and entertainment. Being an audiovisual media, it scores over the written word. In India, considering the majority, of the population living in villages, it has opened up tremendous possibilities in the field of communications to enlighten the masses. There is a lot of scope for improvement in television programmes. However the quality of programmes can Improve only if there is less government interference and control Besides, Television should not be used by the ruling party to project its own image, Perhaps, if Doordarshan is turned into an autonomous body the masses can expect free frank and true picture of the happenings within the country and the rest of the world Undoubtedly, then alone can Doordarshan live up to its name.

Television is the most powerful medium of mass communication that has ever existed. It has revolutionized our lives in many ways.  Isn’t it a wonder that we can actually witness the events happening all over the world in the comfort of our drawing-room by merely switching on the Television. 

Television (Doordarshan) in India was started on 15 September 1959 as a pilot project when the A. I R set up an experimental T V Service in Delhi. But over the years, it has expanded into a vast organization with several stations all over the country To begin, it was a limb of All India Radio. From April 1976 the T. V was delinted from AIR  made into an independent Directorate. Now it has a separate identity with its own staff to plan, create and produce its. programmes After the cinema, a television in India is the most important medium of instruction, education and entertainment. Millions of people, both in the cities and in rural areas, everyday watch television The Government has taken up the job of expanding television networks in a big way. TV Centres have been started all over the country. Television is now reaching out to the most interior places from, 15 September 1984 the Commercial Channel was started. Television is being extensively used for instruction and education.

Discussions on various current topics by eminent persons in that field are illuminating. Apprising the public of the latest developments and discoveries in various spheres of life is effectively done. Documentaries highlighting social evils like dowry, the condition of women bring to people what they otherwise may not always be able to see for themselves. For example, sometimes interviews with a dowry victim and her parents expose the gory acts of the in-laws. Similarly, documentary films depicting the progress made by the country in different fields post the public with latest information. A T.V. programme for the rural folk was started in 1975-76. It educates them about improved methods of farming, protecting the crops with insecticides, using high-yield varieties of seeds and putting in the right kind of fertilizers. It also tells them how to approach the institutions available for taking loans. Television has been playing a very important role in disseminating lessons for different classes of school level The lessons in subjects such as mathematics, geography, physics, chemistry, biology, social sciences and English, l have been benefitting hundreds of students. The University Grant  Commission telecasts its educational programmes for school and college students all over the country. Besides this, syllabus based programmes for the students of Indra Gandhi National Open University are also being telecast on the National Network. Television can be used to broaden and enrich the lives of people.

Television as a medium of visual communication offers immense possibilities to overcome the illiteracy barrier and assists in the process of modernization. It has a marked role to play in furthering the cause 2 of education and has a unique advantage over the media. While it provides words with pictures and sound effects like the movies, it scores over the latter by its high intimacy and reaches the largest number of people at the shortest possible time the visual in it has ii an edge over sound broadcasting. It can also deal with topical problems and present known persons who can provide the solutions. People learn through eye and remember things better. Besides, television viewing does not demand the strain and discipline needed to read the printed medium. The messages on the T. V screen are pre-selected, sorted out and then presented in the simplest possible manner. Television can certainly play a very important role as a classroom aid.

It is, however, not to suggest that any mechanical device like TV or radio can possibly do the whole job of education and, therefore, can replace the teacher in the classroom it can, however effectively assist teachers in reaching educational objectives by supplementing and reinforcing their efforts. Television can vitalize teaching and can also synthesize and integrate learning.

For sports lovers, there are live telecasts of the Test Cricket, Wimbledon tournaments, and other sports events. This was such an exciting moment when Rakesh Sharnias’s flight into space was telecast live, enthralling millions over the country. Also, there are interviews with sportsmen who win laurels and commentaries by the former distinguished sportsmen. Sports Quiz is quite a favourite programme with the young folks.

Important functions like N.A.M., C.H.O.G.M., the parade and won the Republic Day every year, Beating Retreat, Parliament proceedings, Kavi Sammelans, Mushairas, Ghazal sessions, Groups songs, or songs by noted national or international singers are also telecast. An effort is to mode to have variety in programmes to suit all tastes.

The visits of the dignitaries from foreign countries are covered by the television and interviews are arranged with them. Specialists in the fields of medicine, surgery and distinguished journalists and politicians are interviewed to appraise the viewers with the latest happenings and changes in their respective fields.

For the entertainment of the general public, the television network shows a number of Indian and foreign films every week. Also programmes of songs from Indian films Rangoli, Chitrahaar and Chitramala are telecast.

There are several interesting foreign and Indian serials that are a source of recreation for the viewer. Children’s interests and tastes are particularly kept in mind. Children are invited to the studio, and among them, the talented ones are given a chance to recite a poem, sing a song, perform a dance number, or make a piece of sculpture or play” some musical instrument. To educate the children, distinguished personalities are invited to talk to them about our past heroes and religious and cultural background. Children are told tales to inculcate” among the qualities of courage, bravery, truthfulness, sacrifice and Patriotism.

For the connoisseurs of art, plays in Hindi and other languages are telecast from time to time. Literary discussions are arranged. Poets are invited to-recite poetry and are interviewed.

Television serves as an important medium for the business and trade circles that advertise their products through it. While the advertising promotes the sales of those consumer items, it serves as a source of income for the T.V. Also, the popular programmes are generally sponsored by the established firms. These firms pay for the expenses incurred in getting those programmes from abroad or the Indian film producers. However, these commercial advertisements at times become quite monotonous. Also, the advertisers are not quite happy with the terms and conditions offered by the television because the charges are high and the time allotted is not much to each commercial. They complain that Doordarshan takes advantage of its monopoly. This monopoly has now been broken with the advent of cable T.V. T.V.4 sets with a choice of 90 or more selections of programmes are now available. Popular channels like Zed, Sony, ATN, Home, Star etc.” have changed the whole scenario) (The viewers can now see any of the programmes of their choice -films, music, Sports, quizzes, news, serials for 24 hours. With the arrival of these channels, the Doordarshan has also changed the format of its many programmes to entertain the viewers and earn more revenue from advertisements and sponsorships.

Nevertheless, periodical surveys about the public reaction to the television programmes have indicated that most of the programmes telecast are rather dull and boring. There is a lot to be done in them. The plays particularly are uninspiring and badly directed. One renews for that is the lobby of the claque who do not allow fresh talent to break into their circle. The same faces, with their often repeated antics, are to be seen in each and every skit and play. They hardly seem, to make any fort to improve their acting ability. Seldom are provocative plays with progressive and rebellious themes chosen for telecasting. It is rare that the high ups in Mandi House clear programmes like “Tamas”, “Such ki Parchai”,“Janvani”, etc, for viewers. Most of the Hindi serials have such a heavy dose of preaching that they lose much in artistic value. 

Another criticism against Indian television is that like the All India Radio, it is the mouthpiece of the Government and the ruling party. The News Bulletins in Hindi and English and the news and views programmes are heavily coloured in favour of the Government and the party in power. Achievements of the Government are highlighter while the weaknesses are ignored. There is hardly any programme: which allow free, frank and straightforward criticism of the Governmental policies and the ruling party politicians. Therefore, there has been a demand for the All India Radio and Doordarshan to be turned into autonomous bodies with no control and interference by the Government.

Some of the criticisms are no doubt, politically motivated but go without saying that there is scope for improvement in the quality of programmes telecast by the Doordarshan.

1500 Words Essay 


Essay No. 02


Television in India

Television is one of the marvels of modern science. It marks a milestone in the advancement of science and technology. The credit of its invention goes to John Baird, a Scottish scientist. It is the transmission of the succession of visual images on the screen of a receiver with accompanying sound. As a means of mass communication, T.V. has left other media far behind because its visual images with accompanying music or sound make fascinating viewing.

Today T.V. is very popular in India. It is no more a luxury but a ‘necessity in our country. But colour set, with V.C.Rs. and V.C.P s. are still a luxury and far off dream for the common middle-class people. The price of a good colour T.V. s very high and beyond the reach of a common man. T.V. antenna can now be seen even in most of the villages gracefully poised on the roof-tops of the houses and the huts. A T.V. is no more a status symbol.

Television made a modest beginning in India in 1959 when on September 15, it was introduced in Delhi on an experimental basis. The regular service started in 1965. In the beginning T.V. broadcast was mainly used for educational purposes. Later T. V. centres were opened at Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Lucknow, Srinagar and Jalandhar in 1972. In 1982 on the eve of the 9th Asian Games there was a spurt when as many as 20 low power transmitters were installed at different places including state capitals. Colour T.V. was introduced on 15th August 1982. With the launching of satellite INSAT-IA, a common national programme began to be relayed on the entire network. INSAT has helped in the rapid expansion of the T.V. network in India. Now about 90% of our population is covered by-the Doordarshan programmes.

T.V. started as a part of All India Radio, but it got independent status and name in 1976. Then it was given the name Doordarshan. To popularise T.V. in India the government began a sort of movement and established hundreds of T.V. clubs and community viewing centres in different parts of the country. People sit there together and enjoy the T.V. programmes. As a means of mass communication, T.V. helps in the dissemination of ideas, news, views, information and entertainment. T.V. has enlarged the scope of this dissemination to a great imaginable extent in India. The advantages given to us by T.V. are too many to be counted.

The educational value of T.V. programmes is significant. Lessons for university and college students on science, mathematics, history, geography, environment, biology, agriculture, money matters are being given successfully, In this regard University Grants Commission: s programmes deserve special mention. They are very popular among the student and teacher community. T.V. has helped us a lot in making people conscious and proud of their rich and ancient cultural heritage. As a result, people now take a keen interest in classical music, dances, folk culture, historical monuments, places of tourist interests, etc. It has also helped our people in understanding and appreciating such subjects as working of our Parliament as an institution of democracy. It is also being used to show the public at large the developmental works being undertaken in the country. Because of T.V., there have been made many instructive and educative cultural and art telefilms. Moreover, many classical and popular old films can now be shown to the public. T.V. and its popularity have generated many employment opportunities for actors, artists, musicians, dancers, cameramen, men of letters, technicians and T.V. manufacturers. The television industry has also helped the country in earning much needed foreign exchange, as T.V. sets, tubes and other components are now being exported both to developing and developed countries. It has also helped considerably the small scale sector.

But there is also another side of the picture. There are certain accompanying disadvantages as well. That is why it is called an idiot box. As a means of mass communication, it may be misused by the ruling party to advance its own interest and project only its image. T.V. gives rise to a lot of waste in terms of time, money and energy. Millions and millions of people sit viewing T.V. programmes for a long time at a stretch without doing any gainful work. It makes people passive spectators and lessens their power of work, Students shirk their lessons and home task and sit glued to T.V. sets. It spoils the young men and women as they very easily imbibe, and imitate the cheap things shown on the T.V. screen. They follow in the footsteps of their heroes and heroines of the films on the T.V. It has also encouraged crimes among the youth of our country. There is a paucity of good, educative and entertaining programmes. Every now and then there are films and programmes of film songs and dances. These are certainly harmful to the moral health of the people. It can also give birth to certain diseases of the eye, the stomach, etc., because of continuous long and passive sitting in the glare of the T.V. screen.

If used imaginatively for healthy entertainment, instruction and education, T.V. in India can play a very healthy role. As a popular means of mass media, it can help in strengthening national integration, cultural unity and communal harmony. In spite of certain obvious defects and disadvantages, T.V. in India has made its permanent place. It cannot be dislodged by any other means of entertainment and communication.

900 Words Essay 

Essay No. 03

Television in India

T.V. has been around in India for over 40 years. Initially, there was slow penetration of television sets in the Indian households and that too, mainly in the big cities. Now, people even in remote villages have access to television. For the first couple of decades, television was broadcast only for a few hours per day by a single national channel, namely Doordarshan in the entire country.

However, with the advent of Satellite Television over the last ten years or so, television has come into its own in India. There, has been a proliferation of the airwaves. More than 100 channels are available in big cities broadcasting round the clock.

Television is a very good medium for recreation. It is like having a cinema house in your drawing-room. Full-length pictures are televised regularly and few people go and see a cinema show. You have games, classical music, dances and other social programmes live on the television. Through satellite, telecasts of foreign T.V. programmes are also available in India. An Indian can see at home what the Americans and Japanese see in their homes. Happenings round the world are televised day and night.

Television is also good for the purpose of education. Lessons are televised for the benefit of school children and college students. Intricate laboratory experiments and complex operations can be brought home to the science and medical students right in their own homes so that they can see and learn more easily. T.V. is also a great means of information. Famous public men of repute are invited to speak from the television. There are scholars, scientists, politicians and economists and other specialists to throw light on the important topics of the day. Few people read newspapers but everybody wants to see the news of the day on the television because here events take place right before your eyes. So the news on television is more o popular than news in the paper or even news on the radio. Many men and women get news of the day through television.

As a source of recreation, television appeals to the young and the old men, women and children. It entertains all kinds of people. Television becomes the smoothing nerve of the people in this age of busy schedule and little leisure. Tired of the day’s work, you can bend on the sofa in the drawing-room and just switch on the television and relax.

You can listen to melodious songs and music, stories and humorous tales, dances and other items of popular interest and everything happens before your eyes as if you are present in the function, where the audience is limited and only VIPs and VVIPs are allowed.

Television has become the most popular medium for entertainment in the country. In the big cities where cable television is available, most of the people spend their time in front of the television set. Many people especially students and young children who are addicted to television spend too many hours watching movies, operas, music, games, sports telecasts etc. This is not good as this affects their health, eyesight, studies and general wellbeing. Also, many of the songs and advertisements are shown on television arc vulgar. The Indian Government should censor such programmes to prevent the moral decay of society.

Every coin has its two sides. So is the case of T.V. It may be a boon as well as a curse. No doubt, it is a boon-a good means of entertainment at our convenient time. We can have programmes of our choice. But children miss their homework. Besides it, eyes and ears are affected. In the end, we recollect the saying—Excess of everything is bad. Television is not a bad ‘instrument. It depends on the users of T.V.

600 Words Essay 


Essay No. 04

Essay on “Television Today”

Television is not a bad thing, but in fact is a resource that can be used to educate and entertain people of all ages. There are many programs on television, which do not educate, because everyone needs to be entertained. Television stations should organize their programs so that the education shows are shown when children get home from school so that the children will be able to learn while enjoying themselves at home. Schools often use television as a way of educating students because, on television, they can demonstrate many things that cannot be done in the classroom, and often show things that cannot be experienced in the country or area where the school is located. I think that this is an excellent use of television and more use should be made of it in education because it offers many advantages to classroom teaching. Comedy programs, however, make viewers laugh, feel better, and make people generally happier. These programs should be encouraged, instead of the ‘real life’ dramas. Sports programs and broadcasts of sporting matches are very good. With them, fans of the sports can watch only parts of a match, or watch while they are at work. Without these services, people who are ill or disabled or people that had to work on weekends would miss out on sport altogether. These programs show only relevant parts of the match and often include player information and information about the tournament or season. These programs are a great service to the public and encourage a healthy lifestyle. Television would be one of the most useful resources if some important changes were made.

250 Words Essay 


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