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Essay on “Swami Vivekananda” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Swami Vivekananda

Essay No. 01

Swami Vivekananda embodied the mission of India in the world. When his Guru Swami Ramakrishna died, he said, “I will come like  a bombshell and make the world follow me like a dog.”  He reappeared at madras after seven years.

Known as Narendranath, he was born on January 12, 1863. His mother was a pious lady steeped in the Great Hindu epics. His father was a lawyer and a friend of the  poor. Even in boyhood, Narendranth possessed great physical strength, presence of mind , a vivid imagination, deep power of thought, keen intelligence, an extraordinary memory, a love of truth, passion for purity, a spirit of independence and a tender heart.

He was an expert musician. He acquired deep ability in physics, astronomy, mathematics, philosophy, history and literature.

He came in contact with Sri RamaKrishna at Dakshineswar Kali Temple and became his follower. He tested his guru before surrendering himself to hi.

“Sir, have you seem God?” asked the youth.

“Yes, I have seen God.” Said the guru” I have seen him more tangibly than I see you. I have talked to him more intimately  than I am talking to you. I can make you see him if you only follow me.”

Swami Vivekananda travelled extensively as a wandering monk from the Himalayas to Kanya Kumari. In 1893 he set sail for America to attend the Parliament of Religions at Chicago. He carried the day by his wonderful exposition of the  Vedanta philosophy and Hindu religion. He established many Vedanitic centres in USA.         

He told the youth of India. “Have faith, that you are my brave lads, born to do great things. Let not the barks of puppies frighten you; no , not even the thunder bolt of heaven, but stand up and work.”

He said : Truth always triumphs. What India wants is a new electric fire to stir up a fresh vigour in the national veins.

“No need of looking behind. Forward ! the old religions said that he was atheist who did not believe in God. The new religion says that he is an atheist who does not believe in himself.”

“Follow truth wherever it may lead you; carry ideas to their utmost logical conclusion. Do not be cowardly and hypocritical.

“Manifest the divinity within you, and everything will be harmoniously arranged around it.”


Essay No. 02


Swami Vivekananda

( 1862 -1902 )


Swami Vivekananda’s life reminds us of one of the famous lines of Ben Jonson that ‘Life in short measures may perfect be.’

He was born in Calcutta on 9th January, 1862. His real name was Narendra Nath Dutt. He assumed the name of Vivekananda after he became a sanyasi. In his own words, his mother was ‘the constant inspiration of my life and work’.

He did his graduation from the Christian College in Calcutta. As a college student, he was fond of fun, music and sports. He loved such sports and hobbies as boxing, wrestling, swimming and riding.

In spite of these vibrant physical activities, Narendra Nath had an inquisitive mind which longed for the regions beyond the senses. He yearned to gain more knowledge and loved poetry in particular. The works of philosophers and thinkers like John Stuart Mill and Herbert Spencer and poets like Wordsworth and Shelley appealed to him in particular. There was thus a strange paradox about his personality— his being a dreamer as well as a man of action at the same time.

Surely, such a person could not hanker after riches or honours and titles. He wanted to serve and deliver humanity while himself being in a loin-cloth with a bowl for alms in his hand. This was his condition- physical and mental – when he went to Ramakrishna Paramahans in a meeting which changed the entire course of his life.

His dialogue with the seer is well-known:

Narendra Nath : Have you seen God ?

Ramakrishna : Yes, I see him just as I see you here.

It was, however, during his second me_eting with the saint that he had his real mystic experience. Thus, he renounced the world and became Swami Vivekananda.

This changed his sheer intellectual experience into real spiritual experience.

Now, Vivekananda’s only mission was to spread the message of his master and this he did through his tours, lectures and speeches which he delivered far and wide. His historical speech at the ‘Parliament of Religions’ at Chicago in 1893 is well-known. It was the movement when he brought glory not only to himself and his master but also to India, his motherland. Later, he visited England and Switzerland. Many became his followers, one of the most famous among them being Margaret Noble, who later came to be known as Sister Nivedita.

Surely, Vivekananda was one of the greatest lovers of humanity and a forceful exponent of the Vedanta. He tried to bring about a unison between the East and the West. He greatly influenced even such great Indian personalities as Jawaharlal Nehru for his pure spirituality and rejection of blind faith.


Essay No. 03


Swami Vivekananda


India : Spiritual Leader

Birth : 1863 Death : 1902

Swami Vivekananda was a saintly person and one of the prominent leaders of the Indian religious and cultural Renaissance. He is revered both in the East and the West as a rejuvenator of mankind through the eternal truths of Hinduism. Vivekananda gave a message of man-making and nation-making and, in fact, inspired a generation of leaders and people of our country. He delved deep into literature, philosophy and history and was gifted with oratorical power. In 1890, touring over the length and breadth of the country, he kindled the flame of spiritualism among his countrymen. He exhorted them to take pride in the religion and culture of their ancient land. In 1893, he went to Chicago as a representative of India at the Parliament of All Religions of the World. On 11th September, he delivered his historical speech which made his learned audience bow their heads in reverence. Swami Vivekananda declared that Indian culture was superior to Western culture because it was based on spiritualism while the basis of western culture was materialism. In 1897, he founded Ramkrishna Mission for the service of the Indians.

The real name of Swami Vivekananda was Narendranath Dutta. He was born on 12th January, 1863 in Calcutta; At the age of 16, he passed the entrance examination of the Calcutta University. During his student life, he was one of the most popular and inquisitive students. Atheistic philosophy of Herbert Spencer, however, exercised deep influences on him, but when he met Sri Ramkrishna Paramhansa, he was transformed into a great theist ‘Swami Vivekananda’. After the death of his teacher Swami Ramkrishna Parmhansa, Swami Vivekananda took up the task of spreading the message of love and spiritualism among mankind.

This brilliant youngman died premati4ely on 8th July, 1902.

By writing inspiring books like Yoga, Rajyoga and Gyanyoga, Vivekananda showed a new path to the younger generation. Swami Vivekananda Memorial built at Kanyakumari tells us even today the story of the greatness of Vivekananda.


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  1. Subhasish Dey says:

    Nice essay

  2. Tanisha says:

    Very very good….we want more betterment

  3. Jisha says:

    It is so helpful for me,so I’m thinking that it will help all

  4. G Sumita says:

    Precious essays ever I have seen on Swami Vivekananda… I loved it… Thank you for teaching us some new words. 🙂

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