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Essay on “National Security” Complete Essay for Class 9, Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

National Security

 

The question who lives if India die is neither hypothetical nor hallucinatory. Economically, the world may have become a ‘global village’ but politically, the world is still dotted with Nation-States demarcated by distinct as well as vague boundaries, giving rise to occasional skirmishes and subtle but sinister moves to alter the balance of power. If, the paradigms of national security are determined by well-defined or natural dividers like rivers, mountains or sea, even then the need to be ever vigilant all the times should remain both paramount and predominant in the national interest-cum-security. A snake in the grass can prove as fatal as the enemy sitting across the border with his lethal gun aimed at the target. In both the situations, complacency can lead to very unsavoury consequences.

No doubt, the Chinese proverb ‘Those who sweat more in time of peace, lose less blood in times of war’ is tellingly in touch and tune with the state of preparedness. After the 1962 debacle, the then President of the Republic, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, had warned the nation against being caught napping again. His candid counsel and words of wisdom stood by us in good stead and we were able to face 1965 aggression with dogged determination, resulting in a decisive defeat of the enemy. Now, after the betrayal writ large in the blood of our valiant soldiers and officers on the most inhospitable and tortuous heights of Kargil. President K. R. Naryanan minced no words in asking the people to be united in the face of ‘more Kargils’ and mooted a hike in the defence budget to equip the armed forces with the latest weapons and force multipliers. Having neighbours not very friendly disposed we cannot afford to ‘lower our gurard’.

With narco-terrorism, coupled with religious fundamentalism, having spread its tantalizing tentacles across the country, the contours and contents of national security has undergone a complete metamorphosis over the years. The continuing proxy war unleashed in different parts of the country posed such threats to our national security as can brook no laxity on anyone’s part.

With the strengthening and modernizing of intelligence setup, the timely detection and defusing of time-bombs, RDX etc. have gone a long way in saving many a life and avert the break-out of communal tensions and tempers. These measures, in a plural polity like India, have helped to preserve our social fabric. The way we have stood these challenges, coming from outside and also raising their ugly heads at home, testifies the inherent strength of our perceptions, that are national in character and international in vision and vigour.

Pakistan’s misadventure in Kargil has obviously made it mandatory to look afresh at the defence allocation because less than fifteen per cent of India’s armaments are contemporary in nature, as against the world average of thirty per cent. In fact Indian army today spends 85 per cent of its annual budget just to maintain its existing force level, which leaves almost next to nothing for modernization. Any hike in defence will come not a minute too soon to arrest the declining tooth-to-tail ratio of India’s 1.14 million strong military. The draft nuclear doctrine, which spells out the minimum nuclear doctrine, which spells out the minimum nuclear deterrent, robust command and control systems and the broad thrust on nuclear forces, even while reiterating its strict adherence to the objective of ‘no-first-use’ and non-use against non-nuclear weapon States, is the most cogent and clear document of our intentions and, if need be, the possible line of action in the national interest and its security. The draft further delineates the concept of that shall encompass “sufficient, survivable and operational prepared nuclear forces, effective intelligence and early warning capabilities, comprehensive planning and training for operation in line with the strategy and the will to employ nuclear forces and weapons”.

The concept of National Security depends upon the stamina and strength of the armed forces, economic-resilience and political stability. If any one of the pillars become weak or vulnerable, the hawks and vultures around can pounce and pound us with all their ruthlessness. Our history, unfortunately, is replete with instances when our own distrust, diffidence and disunity played havoc without national pride. The invaders in, all forms and formulations, found the land feriile to execute their nefarious designs and dastardly deeds, If there is any one lesson that the Indian history has to teach us, it is; ‘United we stand and divided we fall’.

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