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Essay on “Mahatma Gandhi” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Mahatma Gandhi


10 Best Essay on “Mahatma Gandhi”

Essay No. 01

Mahatma Gandhi, whose birthday is celebrated every year was the greatest man of his time. He was one of those famous sons of India who have guided the destiny of her people from time to time.

He was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar in Gujarat. His mother was a religious and pious lady while his father Kaba Gandhi was the Dewan of a small State in Rajkot.

Gandhi joined the school at the age of seven. He was honest and sincere though he was not a very brilliant student. He was married to Kasturba at the small age of thirteen. He went to England to study law when he was only seventeen.

            He came back to India after qualifying himself for the bar. He started his practice in Bombay. He could not do well as a lawyer because he never liked to tell a lie. He, however, got a case for which he had to go to South Africa. He was known as a coolie barrister there. He was moved by the pitiable condition of the Indians whose wife was insulted and treated like dogs everywhere in South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi became the leader of the Indians and struggled hard for the betterment of their lot.

            After some time, he again came back to India. He had now a greater aim before him. He wanted to make his country free from British rule. After the First World War, the British shot down some 1500 innocent Indian men, women, and children in the “Jatianwala Bagh” at Amritsar. This tragedy and inhuman act pained Gandhiji very much. He started a non-cooperation movement against the British govt. As a result, thousands of volunteers had to go to jail.

            In 1930, Gandhiji started what is known as the Civil disobedience Movement. He broke the Salt Law. He was arrested by the British Govt. which sent him to jail only to release him after some time. He was invited to attend the round Table conference which greatly disappointed him.

His last but the most powerful movement was the Quit India Movement. This was started in 1942. He was again arrested along with many others. But the movement continued. It went on gaining momentum as time went on. The growing irrepressible demand of the Indian awns the force of the world events finally compelled the Births to quit India for good.

            Consequently, we won our freedom on 15th August 1947, the nation was very thankful to  Mahatamaji and prayed for his long life. But he did not live long. A  communal fanatic Nathu Ram Godse assassinated him on the evening of 30th January 1948.

Gandhiji is no more with us but he will always act as a torchbearer to the teeming millions of our country. His message of love and peace, his principles of Ahimsa and Truth will always go on leading the country on to the right path. We will go on upholding what is true, good, and beautiful in this harsh and vindictive world.

He will always be remembered but the Indian as the Father of the Nation.


Essay No. 02

Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the magic man of Asia, an apostle of non-violence and preacher of truth, was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar (Gujarat). He belonged to a well-to-do family. He went to England to study law and became a barrister. Then he returned to India and began to practice at the Bombay(now Mumbai) High Court. But he was not much interested in the lawyer’s profession.

He also went to South Africa. There he made efforts to improve the condition of Indians. He underwent numerous sufferings but remained steadfast in his convictions.

After returning from South Africa, Gandhiji jumped into Indian politics. He could not bear the miserable Plight of the Indian masses suffering and starving under British rule. Mahatma Gandhi sacrificed everything to uproot the British from the Indiana soil.

Freedom was the breath of Gandhiji’s life. In 1919 . be started a non-violent and peaceful movement. Hindu – Muslim unity, removal of un touch ability, and use of Swadeshi goods were his lifelong missions.

Mahatma Gandhi was a man of sound and sterling character. In fact, he was a very noble soul. He wore a very simple dress and ate simple food. He was not merely a man of words but also of action. What he preached, he practiced. His approach to various problems was non-violent. He was a god-fearing person; he was the cynosure of all eyes. He was a friend to all and enemy of none. He was universally loved and liked.

The part played by Mahatma Gandhi on the stage of Indian politics is unforgettable. In those stormy days of the struggle for Indian independence, Gandhiji suffered and was imprisoned several times, but the freedom of the motherland remained his cherished goal. He guided the freedom fighters, launched the ‘Quit Indian movement’, and was imprisoned again.

His entire life was a life of service and sacrifice, of devotion and dedication. This saintly statesman, thinker, writer, and orator of India still shine like a star on the horizon of Indian policies.

His tragic death on January 30, 1948 plunged the entire nation into the gloom. He was assassinated by Nathu Ram Godse. His death was the greatest blow to the force of peace and democracy. The memorable words of Lord Mountbatten are worth quoting “India, indeed the world, will not see the like of him perhaps for centuries.” His death left a great vacuum in the life of the nation. The whole world still reveres and respects this wizard of the 20th century who has left an indelible mark on Time.       


Essay No. 03

Gandhi: The Actions that affected Generations to Come

Many people feel they can change the world and better it for future generations. They try all sorts of ways to change life and many don’t accomplish their goals. One person who did accomplish his goals was Gandhi. Gandhi took many actions to affect those who were doing wrong. But did Gandhi accomplish his goals when he wanted to? Did Gandhi accomplish his goals at all? I feel Gandhi did accomplish his goals, but not in his lifetime.

Born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1869, the world’s greatest man was born. Gandhi went to school in England to become a lawyer. the lie was trained in formal law and was classically trained. His education in law made him a diligent thinker. He then established a law practice in Bombay now Mumbai with little success. Two years later he joined an Indian firm. This firm retained him as a legal advisor in Durban. Arriving in Durban, Gandhi found himself treated as though part of an inferior race. He was appalled at the widespread denial of civil liberties and political rights to Indian immigrants in South Africa. He threw himself into the struggle for elementary rights for Indians. He used his training when forming his beliefs. “The things that will destroy us are Politics without principle; Pleasure without conscience; Wealth without work; Knowledge without character; Business without morality; Science without humanity, and worship without sacrifice.”

Gandhi spent the next twenty years of his life in South Africa, being imprisoned many a time. Why was he imprisoned do you ask? Well, this is where you can find it. out. Gandhi became a freedom fighter for Indians, minus the fighting of course. Well, sort of, Gandhi had been attacked and beaten many times by the white South Africans. He then formed his idea of passive resistance to, and non-cooperation with, the South African authorities. “Make waves, not war” he gained inspiration to be a passive resister from the writer Leo Tolstoy, Gandhi’s greatest influence. Tolstoy left a profound influence and imprint on Gandhi as did the teachings of Jesus Christ and the nineteenth-century writer Henry David Thoreau. Thoreau’s essay “Civil Disobedience” was one Gandhi took to heart. But civil disobedience and passive resistance were believed by Gandhi to be inadequate for his purpose. For that reason, Gandhi coined the term Satyagraha, a Sanskrit word meaning truth and firmness. This word defined what Gandhi was working towards. In 1910, Gandhi founded. Tolstoy Farms, in Johannesburg, which was a cooperative colony for Indians to go to.

The first of Gandhi’s nonviolent protests was the sit-in. He was arrested dozens of times for doing a sit-in. When the Indian people were being oppressed or unfairly taxed, Gandhi would go to an important area. Important as in, in front of a government building of those doing the taxing or oppressing. He would peacefully sit until arrested. The meetings or gatherings could not continue while Gandhi was there and others would join him, usually Indians, so to prevent the evil ways from continuing. After twenty years of sit-ins, Gandhi decided he needed something bigger.

The sit-ins always ended with the gathering continuing afterward and Gandhi in jail. That is only so effective, surely not effective enough. Gandhi instigated hunger strikes to stop Indian oppression. Gandhi would go for extremely long periods of time without eating. The South African government did know of these hunger strikes and was forced to give in. If they did not they would be responsible for the death of this man. It’s perfectly understandable why they gave in, of course. But the government wouldn’t just give Gandhi anything for not eating, so Gandhi’s progression towards his goals was still quite slow. When he did eat Gandhi was a vegetarian and still is very little. Because of his diet, Gandhi became awfully frail and skinny; his breath had an incurable odour. He also walked around barefoot which made his feet hard and callused. For these two reasons, he became known as Super callused fragile mystics plagued with halitosis. His face became synonymous with the struggle of the Indian people and an international symbol of a free Indian state. He led the Indian people in the struggle for Indian independence.

Gandhi’s beliefs spread like wildfire throughout the newly formed independent India. Gandhi gained millions upon millions of followers. All followed Gandhi’s nonviolent noncooperative ways. English courts, as well as many Other government establishments, were boycotted; Indian children were withdrawn from government schools. His followers would not even rise when being beaten, filling the streets in their squatting meditation position. At this point, Gandhi made the change. He changed his name to Mahatma, a Sanskrit word meaning great soul, a title reserved only for the greatest sages.

In 1932, Gandhi started his civil disobedience campaign against the British. He was arrested twice for this campaign when he took on his bigger fast known as the fast unto death. He knew that a civil war would break out if he were to die in a British jailhouse. This fast luckily did not last until death.

Gandhi caused many government laws and ways to cease with his actions. Among those are: abolishing taxes over many items placed on the Indians, establishing a Muslim State, stopping much oppression of Indians, creating new ways of thought, life, and being. He accomplished all this and much more before he retired from politics to travel and speak to groups about nonviolence. Gandhi influenced alm03t everyone who has heard the name including Martin Luther King Jr. for example.

Gandhi’s death at the hands of an assassin on January 30, 1948, was considered a national catastrophe. The world had a period of mourning, and he didn’t go down only in twentieth-century history, but also in world history. Religious violence soon waned in India and Pakistan, and Gandhi’s thoughts soon began to inspire people worldwide about nonviolence.

The important question is, did the Mahatma, Gandhi, accomplish his goals? If he did, did he accomplish his goals in his lifetime? I feel Gandhi did accomplish all his goals, even more than his goals. Muslims got their own State, Indian oppression decreased and the world improved just from his presence. I feel that he did accomplish a lot of his goals, but not all were accomplished during his lifetime. Many were accomplished simply by his death. Others by his teachings being spread after his death. Though I feel Gandhi did accomplish his goals, I have a doubt that he would be pleased with modern society or today’s world. There is still much violence and wrongdoing around that he would not be pleased with. I believe that our society is greedy and that if people could they would live by martial law. Because they can’t, people go by their own rules as much as possible. Normal practices in today’s society go against exactly what Gandhi taught. Swaraj, Sanskrit for self-ruling, was one of the many things Gandhi spoke out against and swaraj is still practiced in everyday life.

Ahimsa, non-injury, and satyagraha, truth and firmness, were Gandhi s most important teachings. Unfortunately, we live in a world where to be such a way is “uncool” and almost unacceptable if wanting to be accepted by Others when growing up. “My life is my message,” is one of Gandhi’s more famous quotes. Much could be learned. from this quote. In just two generations most of Gandhi’s teachings have been forgotten. This quote explains all of his beliefs in just five simple words. Gandhi was one of the world’s most inspiring individuals. He accomplished more than any other man in history did. Amazing.


Essay No. 04

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi is one of the greatest leaders of India. He was not only a famous politician but a great Mahatma and saint. He was really a great soul. He was an apostle of peace and truth. He sacrificed everything for the sake of his country and countrymen. His principles of Ahinsa and Truth have been appreciated all over the world. He was called ‘Bapu’ – the father of no Nation.

Mahatma Gandhi was born at Porbandar in 1869. His father was the Dewan of the Porbander state. His full name was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi. His mother was a religious lady. So Gandhiji became an able, honest and religious man. 

Gandhiji passed the Matriculation Examination from Rajkot. Then he went to Samaldas College, Bhavnagar. He went to England to study law. From there he returned as a barrister after three years.

Gandhiji knew the value of labour. He taught people to use spades and the spinning wheel. Gandhiji had one aim in life. he wanted to serve the people. He wanted to save them from wrong and injustice. It took him to South Africa. There he helped his countrymen who were badly treated by the English People. It took him to jail. It brought him to death’s door. But he never gave it up. Nothing can be got without sacrifice and suffering for others. Gandhiji’s greater creed was non- violence. He sowed it in political and civic life.

On his return, he began to practice as a barrister in Bombay High Court, but he was not successful in the profession. In 1913 he left for South Africa in order to plead the case of a firm named Dada Abdullah & Co. during his stay there, he fully studied the situation of Indians in South Africa. the behaviour of the White towards the Indians shocked him very much. He fought against the National Government to improve a lot of Indians there. He started the Satyagrah movement for the rights of the Indians. He did not take a rest till the Indian Relief Act was passed.

Gandhiji returned to India in 1915 and joined the Indian National Congress. In 1924 he was elected president of the Indian National Congress at Belgaum. He threw himself, heart and soul, into India’s stuggle for freedom. He started the Non- co-operation movement in 1920 and Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. Under Gandhiji’s leadership in 1920, the Simon Commission was boycotted by all the nationalists. He always tried to achieve Hindu-Muslim unity. In 1942, he started the Quit India movement. In 1930, he violated the Salt Law by making salt from seawater. He was sent to jail many times. In 1947 India got her freedom. 

Gandhiji had some wonderful qualities – truth, courage, gentleness, and love. He always fooled the path of truth. Every citizen of the world was his brother. He made no difference between castes, races, and religions. He was a friend of all. Gandhiji tried to remove the difference between Hindus and Muslims. He tried to unite them.

On January 30, 1948, he was shot dead by a Hindu in a prayer assembly at Birla House, Delhi. Speaking over the radio Pandit Nehru said, ‘The light has gone out of our lives and everywhere it is dark.”  Gandhiji was really the light of India. He showed India and the world the path of love. Truth and Ahimsa. He got freedom for India, through the unique weapon of non-violence.

Gandhiji lived and died for peace, love, truth, and non-violence. He was one of those prophets like Jesus Christ, Buddha, Rama, and Socrates, who gave light to the world. So long as India and Indian freedom lives, the name of Gandhi will be enshrined in the heart of every Indian.


Essay No. 05


Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi is popularly known as BAPU or Father of the Nation. He was the greatest freedom fighter who ultimately got freedom for this nation on 15 August 1947. He was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar in Kathiawar (Gujarat). His father was the Dewan of Rajkot and Bikaner and a great nationalist of his time. He matriculated in 1887 and went to England to study law. On his return to India as a Barrister, he had to go to South Africa to follow a case. There he was pained to see the deplorable condition of Indians at the hands of foreign rulers. It was here that his love for the depressed and the neglected rose in him and he started a movement against this oppression. He was soon popular for his devout ways against oppression through non-violent ways. On his return to India in 1913 he took an active part in the movement against British Rule and joined Indian National Congress.

Mahatma Gandhi gave a new shape to the freedom movement. He introduced all non-violent ways to fight the foreign rulers. He led four Civil Disobedience Movements and was jailed many times. He became a leader of the masses very soon as he took the movement to the common Indian by looking into the problems of the lowest of the low, farmers,  workers, and the untouchables as they were called. He called them Harijans or the men of God. His approach was quite novel and effective. He tried and succeeded to rid the masses of this country of the universal fear of the landlord, police and the moneylender.

Mahatma Gandhi was a staunch Indian, a Hindu, a believer of the principle, “Work is Worship” as ordained in the great Indian classic “Bhagwad Gita”. He introduced the concept of “Basic Education” which stressed upon earning with learning.  His work with “Charkha” or the “Spinning Wheel” wrought a revolution in the minds of people. He stressed freedom from poverty along with political freedom. He proved practically that the weapon of non-violence was the strongest ever weapon to fight against the mightiest of the might.    

The power of the British had to bow before him. They saw in him a power that could not be subdued. They had finally to give in and India became independent in 1947. He was pained to see India partitioned. He wanted India to unite again but he fell to the bullets of one Nathu Ram Godse before his dream came true.

Essay No. 06

Mahatma Gandhi


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in the town of Porbander in Gujarat on 2″d October 1869. He did his schooling in Rajkot Gujarat. At that time India was under British rule. His father died before Gandhi could finish his schooling. At the age of thirteen, Gandhi got married to Kasturba, who was even younger. In 1888, he set sail for England, where he decided to pursue a degree in law. After one year of a none too successful law practice, Gandhi decided to accept an offer from an Indian businessman in South Africa, Dada Abdulla, to join him as a legal adviser. During those days, the Indians who were living in South Africa were without political rights and were generally known by the derogatory name of ‘coolies’. Gandhi himself came to an awareness of the frightening force when he was thrown out of a first-class railway compartment car, though he held a first-class ticket, at Pietermaritzburg. From this political awakening, Gandhi was to emerge as the leader of the Indian community, and it was in South Africa that he first coined the term satyagraha to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance. Gandhi was to describe himself as a seeker of Satya (truth), which could not be attained. other than through ahinsa (non-violence, love) arid brahmacharya (celibacy, striving towards God).

 Gandhi returned to India in early 1915 with the determination of raising awareness among people for their rights. Over the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles, such as at Champaran in Bihar, where workers on indigo plantations complained of oppressive working conditions, and at Ahmedabad, where a dispute had broken out between management and workers at textile mills.

Gandhi had ideas on every subject, from hygiene and nutrition to education and labour, and he relentlessly pursued his ideas in newspapers. He is still remembered as one of the principal figures in the history of Indian journalism. Due to his efforts in the awakening of Indian people, he had earned the title of Mahatma from Rabindranath Tagore, India’s most well-known writer. When the tragedy happened at the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Gandhi wrote the report of the Punjab Congress Inquiry Committee. Over the next two years, he initiated the non-cooperation movement, which called upon Indians to withdraw from British institutions, to return honors conferred by the British, and to learn the art of self-reliance. Though the British administration was at places paralyzed, the movement was suspended in February 1922. In early 1930, the Indian National Congress declared that it would now be satisfied with nothing short of complete independence (purna swaraj). On March 2, Gandhi addressed a letter to the Viceroy, Lord Irwin, informing him that unless Indian demands were met, he would be compelled to break the ‘salt laws’. On the early morning of March 12, with a small group of followers, he proceeded for Dandi March on the sea. They arrived there on April 5. Gandhi picked up a small lump of natural salt and gave the signal to hundreds of thousands of people to similarly defy the law since the British exercised a monopoly on the production and sale of salt. This was the beginning of the civil disobedience movement. In 1942, Gandhi issued the last call for independence from British rule. On the grounds of Kranti Maidan, he delivered a speech, asking every Indian to lay down their life, if necessary, in the cause of freedom. He gave them this mantra, ‘Do or Die’; at the same time, he asked the British to ‘Quit India’. After a long struggle, India got independence on August 15, 1947. Though India gained independence, it was achieved at a cost. The partition of India and Pakistan created much pain and a lot of bloodsheds. This earned many opposers of Gandhi as well. One morning, Gandhi folded his hands, greeted his audience with a namaskar, and was about to leave for prayers. At that moment, a young man came up to him, took a revolver out of his pocket, and shot him three times in his chest. Bloodstains appeared over Gandhi’s white woolen shawl. His hands still folded in a greeting, Gandhi uttered “He Ram!  He Ram!” and left the world.


Essay No. 07


Mahatma Gandhi


India: Father of the Nation 

Birth:1869  Death: 1948

Mahatma Gandhi led the national freedom struggle against British rule. The most unique thing about this struggle was that it was completely non-violent.

The political career of Gandhiji started in South Africa where at the beginning of this century he launched a civil disobedience movement against the maltreatment meted out to Asian settlers. In .1916, he returned to India and took up the leadership of the national freedom struggle. Gandhiji launched many movements to force the British to concede India its independence. The Most well-known being: ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’ (1920), ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’ (1930), and Quit India Movement (1942). In 1930, Gandhiji also led the famous `Dandi March’ for breaking the salt laws. Gandhiji also worked hard for the upliftment of the Harijans, the name given by him to the untouchables. Gandhiji declared untouchability a sin against God and man.

Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869, at Porbandar in Gujarat. After finishing his early education in India, he sailed to England to study law. Gandhiji returned from England in 1891  and qualified as a barrister. In 1894, Gandhiji went to South Africa in connection with a lawsuit. Gandhiji wrote his famous autobiography under the title My Experiments with Truth. Gandhiji always stood for communal harmony, but he himself was shot dead by a religious fanatic Nathu Ram Godse on 30th January 1948. The whole of the world. mourned his death.


Essay No. 08

Mahatma Gandhi – The Father of The Indian Nation

Mahatma Gandhi was the Father of the Indian Nation. He led the country in the struggle for freedom. His sacrifices and sacred life impressed the people of this country and the world. He believed in simple living and high thinking. He used to live in simple Khadi and take Goat’s milk. He was a pure vegetarian. He had faith in God. He read out the Bhagwat Gita and followed the lines (as) laid down in that great volume written by the ancient and learned seers. He studied the Ramayana as well and thus was attracted towards the principles of lofty spiritualism. He knew that the performance of duty was quite necessary.

It is indeed very sad that our country saw the martyrdom of this great patriot at the hands of an Indian. But he lived and died for his own principles of life. He wanted the people of all the religions to live peacefully with one another. He treated all the human beings as the children of God. He therefore preached the gospel of the brotherhood of mankind.

Shri Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. Gandhiji received higher education in England and there also be remained as a pure vegetarian.

When he completed his studies, he returned to his country and worked as a lawyer. He went back to South Africa where he took part in the non-cooperation movement of the Indians and other people of Asiatic Origin. He was arrested along with his wife.

Thus, after helping the Indians in South Africa and taking part in many movements Gandhiji returned to India in 1914 after 20 years’ stay in South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi started the Satyagrah Ashram in India and took the vow of truth. He believed in non-violence. He started helping the textile workers of Ahmedabad in 1918. Gandhiji started taking part in the non-co-operation movement against the British. He had started the famous Dandi March. Gandhiji was arrested many times and stayed in jail.

In 1942, he led the famous Quit India Movement. The slogan ‘Britishers leave India’ echoed from every nook and corner of the country. He was thrown behind the bars. Gandhiji was the moving spirit behind the Congress organisation and the freedom movement. It was under his guidance that the country became free. In 1947, India became free, after centuries of slavery. The people heaved a sigh of relief but the country was divided into two Dominions – Indian Union and Pakistan.

Besides this, the country got another setback. On January 30, 1948, he was assassinated when offering prayers at Birla Hall. The words ‘Hey Ram’, escaped his lips thrice before he breathed his last. One of the reasons for resentment against him was that he had asked the Indian Government to give Rs. 55 crores to Pakistan as their due on certain accounts. The whole nation mourned his death. People all over the world were moved over the ironic tragedy.

Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader. He had his own principles of life. He believed in selfless service. He upheld moral principles. He followed the path of truth and non-violence throughout life.

He wanted to create an ideal society by removing untouchability. He wanted to establish a society based on the Panchayati Raj. He favoured the establishment of cottage industries. He did not believe in the caste system.

Mahatma Gandhi died, but he has become immortal. He is respected all the world over. His principles are known as Gandhism.

His Samadhi is at Raj Ghat in New Delhi. The people from different countries visit his Samadhi in a large number every day and day pay him their homage.

He is the guiding spirit of the Indian Government. He was a philosopher and politician. He was a saint and a non-violent fighter. The whole world respects him as a great man, who served the whole of humanity.

Essay No. 09

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) was the one who created a historical principle of non-violence. His full name was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi. He adopted this principle to achieve political independence and social progress for India. His political career started in South Africa.

He launched many movements to compel the British to leave India. He led the famous `Dandi March’ for breaking the ‘Salt Law’. He worked for the upliftment of the Harijans. He tried hard to unite the Hindus and the Muslims. He talked about Gram Swaraj and encouraged small-scale cottage industries. Non-violence, truth, simplicity, and brotherhood were his ideals. He is the personality of the millennium.

Mahatma Gandhi’s name is on the lips of every Indian. He was the greatest man not only of India but of the world also. He was the father of the nation. We generally call him `Bapujil Mahatma Gandhi was born at Porbandar in Kathiawar (Gujarat) in the year of 1869 on 2nd October. His father was the Diwan of Rajkot and Bikaner State. His mother was a noble, pious and religious lady.

At the age of seven, he was sent to school. At school he proved himself to be only an average boy. He was always regular and punctual in his class. After passing his Matriculation Examination he studied at college. Then he went to England for studying law.

He started his practice in Mumbai. But he did not do well. Then lie went to Rajkot. He was not a successful lawyer. He went to Africa to conduct a big lawsuit in court. There he saw the bad condition of Indians. He put up a brave fight for their rights. He founded Natal Indian Congress. He was prisoned with his friends. In 1914 the Indian Relief Act was passed. This bettered a lot of the Indians.

M.K. Gandhi returned to India. He joined the Indian National Congress. He became its leader. Under his leadership, the Indian National Congress started non-violence and non-co-operation movements to oppose the unjust acts of the British Government. Side by side he did constructive work-the removal of untouchability and the Hindu-Muslim Unity. At last, India got independence on the 15th August 1947.

Gandhiji was a deeply religious man. He taught and practiced truth and non-violence. He lived a very simple & pure life. He had a great love for the poor. He followed the path of truth and Ahimsa. He was a great saint too.

Gandhiji was a great teacher, preacher, thinker, and solider. He will be remembered and respected by the world forever. The finest tribute paid to him was from General Simulate who called him “a since among men.”

On 30 January 1948, in the prayer hall at Birla House, Delhi, he was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic, Nathu Ram Godse. May his soul rest in peace! May his teachings show us the right path and guide human beings to serve the creatures of God.


Essay No. 10

Mahatma Gandhi

Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 at Porbander in Gujarat. His father was Dewan in Rajkot state. After passing his matriculation in 1887, he went to England to study law.

Mahatma Gandhi is called the “Father of the Nation”. In the twentieth century, he had been one of the greatest leaders of the World. He brought independence to the country. His weapons in this war were unique, namely, truth and non-violence. In 1893 he went to South Africa. There he was appalled by the pathetic conditions of coloured people and discrimination against the Indians and South Africans. He fought for their rights. He adopted a new method to fight against the British rulers. He practiced peaceful resistance to racial discrimination. His weapons were Satyagrah (Truth) and Ahimsa (non-violence). After winning the battle in South Africa, he returned to India in 1916.

His aim was to bring independence to the country and build it as a self-reliant nation. He started the nonviolence and non-cooperation movements to achieve the above objectives. He moved the masses with his sincerity, simplicity, and sacrifice. Along with many leaders and countrymen, he was sent to jail several times. Ultimately the Britishers realized that they cannot continue to rule India. They were unable to control the fire of Independence burning in the hearts of the masses. The millions were following the path of Mahatma Gandhi. On his behest, they were ready to lay their lives for the freedom of the country. In August 1947, the Britishers had to retreat and India was declared a free country. But unfortunately, the country was divided into two nations, India and Pakistan. The scene after the Independence was terrible. There was turmoil, chaos, terror, and bloodshed all over. It caused heavy loss of life, character, and property on both sides of the manmade border. Gandhiji was saddened by the communal hatred. He began fast unto death, unless the condition at Neokhali in East Bengal, which was worst affected, was brought under control. Ultimately the peace returned among the Hindus and Muslims. What Gandhiji achieve in his life was a miracle. He lived in the hearts of millions of Indians and was respected by all. He laid great emphasis on banishing untouchability, Hindu-Muslim unity, removal of illiteracy, development of cottage and handloom industries, equality to women, and development of villages and agriculture. He believed that purity of soul can be brought by sacrifice and service to the poor. He practices what he preached. He dedicated all his life to the upliftment of the poor. He personified the principle of simple living and high thinking. He was very sensitive and understanding. He laid his life for the country. On 30th January 1948, the world lost a great leader. Mahatma Gandhi was killed by a fanatic, who did not like his way. There was gloom all over the nation. He was cremated at Rajghat in Delhi.


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  1. Smruti Ranjan Mohanty says:

    Thank you

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