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Essay on “India as a Nuclear Power” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.


India as a Nuclear Power

Essay No. 01

India has taken great strides in recent years as a nuclear power. Indian nuclear scientists now can compete favourably with the best of the world in the field. The nuclear strength of India came of age with the Pokharan nuclear explosion in the desert area of Rajasthan. It was a clean explosion which marked a great advance of India into the nuclear age. But our use of atom is dedicated for peaceful purposes only. The test at Pokharan was also a step towards using nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. This underground experiment was carried out on May 18, 1974.

Indian Atomic Energy Commission was founded in 1948. Since then atomic research in India had been making a steady progress, and its culmination came in Pokharan experiments. It surprised the world is no small measure. Dr. Homi J. Bhabha’s contribution in this successful underground explosion was by all means great. He was the founder father of the Atomic Energy Programme in India. As a result of his untiring efforts the first Atomic Reactor called Apsara was established at Trombay in Bombay. The nuclear research and experiments done here have increased India’s prestige in the world as a nuclear power to be reckoned with. The Pokharan test made an indelible impression on the political powers of the world, and specially on the countries of the Nuclear Club. It broke the monopoly of the club. With it India became the proud sixth number of the exclusive club. With this historic event India came to be envyed by many countries like Pakistan and China. The world did not believe India when the then Defence Minister Mr. Jagjivan Ram declared in 1971 that India was studying nuclear energy for underground experiments for peaceful purposes. Our explosion helped in maintaining the balance of power in the region. It is worthy of note that there was no fallout of the explosion done by India. The technical know how of Indian nuclear scientists is really wonderful. They can produce an atom bomb in no time if there were any need. But India is determined to use atom only for peaceful purposes. The dangers of nuclear bombs may be well understood by the tragic experience of the two Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki way back in 1945. Mankind can never forget this nuclear catastrophe. And yet world’s nuclear armaments stockpile is enough to destroy the whole world many times over. But the very stockpile of nuclear arms, the different countries possess, has made them realize that in case of an atomic war there would be neither a victor nor a vanquished. This realization has made an atomic war out of question. What once Sir Winston Churchill had said is really remarkable. He said, “If you want peace be well prepared for war “. This comment seems to have been the guiding principle behind this stockpile of nuclear weapons.

The peaceful use of atomic energy are several. It can help us in solving of so many of our problems. It can help us a lot in building big dams, canals and moving a great chunk of earth from one place to another. With the help of atomic energy mankind can easily overcome the problems of energy, population, lack of food, etc. If properly used, it is a wonderful power on our side. India being a developing country, she needs all her resources for developmental purposes. Making, carrying and exploding of atomic weapons require huge sums of money which India can hardly afford. The policy of India in this regard has all along been that of use of atom for peace only. But it does not mean that India would fail to use nuclear energy for defence and military purposes if forced to do so.

Constant efforts are being made by Indian scientists to make use of atomic energy for many developmental and peaceful purposes. Research and development work on the application of atomic energy is mainly done at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay near Bombay. It has four research reactors and some of the most advanced laboratories, etc., in the world. Besides Atomic Power Station at Tarapur (Bombay) we have Kalpakkam Atomic Power Station in Tamil Nadu, Narora Station in U.P., Kakropara and Rawatbhatta stations in Rajasthan. Besides generating much needed power, these atomic power stations produce plutonium for commissioning and launching of our fast breeder reactors.

India has been successfully using atomic power in the field of seismic research, deep mining production of radio isotopes, metallurgy, vacuum technology, laser, plasma physics, electronics, agriculture biology, etc. There are a number of small heavy water plants in the country. Thus, it is clear that the future of the use of atomic energy, for peaceful purposes, in India is very bright. We are really proud of our nuclear scientists and technologists and their brilliant achievements. It is because of them that we can hold our heads high in the world nuclear community.


Essay No. 02

India as a Nuclear Power

India has made great progress as a nuclear Power. Indian nuclear scientist can compete with best experts and technicians in the Western world. But the Government of India is dedicated to the use of atomic energy for peaceful energy for peaceful purposes. India has no intention to make an atomic bomb for the destruction of mankind.

There are a few countries in the world, which have the know-how for nuclear energy, these form what is known as the”Nuclear Club”. USA, Russia, United Kingdom, France and China are considered members of the Nuclear Club on May 18, 1974 when Indian scientist made their first successful explosion in the Rajasthan Desert near Pokharan. It was an underground explosion. It caused no radioactive fallout because it took place inside the earth. It was of fifteen kilo tons magnitude.

Now on May 11 and 13, 1998 India successfully made her second Nuclear Explosions in Pokharan with far higher intensity than first one. It took the whole world by surprise and immediately Pakistan also followed suit by exploding a nuclear explosion to equal the military might of India. The whole world reacted sharply to the explosion and U.S., even put certain limits on the sanctions of usual aids to this country. India bore this all successfully under the leadership of Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee with the sole aim that India doesn’t want to become an aggressor of any kind but given the prevalent conditions of the region India had no alternative but to boost her war preparedness without any evil designs on any foreign land.

It has always been the policy of India to live and let live but she cannot compromise on her dignity, honour and integrity.


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