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Essay on “Causes of Corruption and Its Remedies” Complete Essay for Class 9, Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Causes of Corruption and Its Remedies


A major cause for the flourishing of corruption is the public misconception about it. People are mostly unaware of the debilitating effects of corruption on development and human rights. They appear to condone corruption rather than fight it out strongly. Cases where the society tends to shelter corrupt individuals instead of exposing them are not scarce now.

The widespread practice of corruption can be attributed, directly or indirectly, to the strength or weakness of the socio-political and legal systems in the country in question. Studies have pointed out that corruption does not flourish in countries with a stronger legal system that incorporates the principles of accountability and transparency. This indicates that the absence of accountability, transparency or existing inefficiency of the law enforcement bodies and the judiciary offer fertile grounds for the growth of corruption.

Corruption is also often “imported” by multinationals, foreign investors, and expatriates. They introduce it at all levels of governments, in order to expedite matters or secure a beneficial outcome. In international negotiations, it has become common to companies to wine, dine, entertain and bribe officials, especially across international borders, to obtain business both illegally and unfairly.

Low pay of officials; absence of incentives for efficient and honest performances; high tax structures/customs duties.’ prevalence of contract systems, practice of offering concessions /waivers; unchecked election expenses; vote-buying; very inefficient management of the queue system; absence of effective information, monitoring systems and above all, the utter lack of collective political and public will and bold initiatives to check the monster, help corruption get entrenched in our systems and harm ordinary citizens and their rights to development and prosperity.

Studies conducted in many countries indicate that some institutions are more prone to corruption than others. The very nature of such institutions involves their employees in making decisions having direct or indirect financial implications for their clients or beneficiaries. This poses the ever-present temptation on the part of employees to secure benefits for themselves. Institutions involved in the collection of government dues and which exercise discretionary powers on the rights and entitlements of people; institutions involved in accepting payments for the governments in return for acquiring goods and service are in the ‘higher possibilities’ list. Another economist has added ‘construction- related institutions’ to the list. Customs authority, Inland Revenue, Investment and Business licensing, Road Transport (issuance of driving Licenses), Rental Houses Administration, Standardization Agency and Municipalities, Police, Judiciary and generally institutions/ departments having discretionary powers and the involvement of monetary interest in the operations of government institutions seem to be corrupt-prone departments. The need of the hour is to bring appropriate remedies to stop the corruption. There should be no hesitation to bring in innovative and meaningful structural reforms in our systems. We should strive to make public functioning transparent and public officials more accountable. Our tax/customs, business transactions have to be simplified and made transparent; opportunities for public officials getting corrupt should be minimized through carefully planned reforms. There should be a beneficial reduction of discretionary Powers of public officials. Benefits of public officials remaining  honest should be increased. Strict, credible and unbiased enforcement of anti-corruption laws should become a normal affair. A through overhaul in civil service, police and other corrupt_ prone institutions/ departments should be made for ensuring  enhanced transparency and accountability in their functioning. Rationalistic curbs on election expenses should be brought in immediately; efficient management of the queue system for public services/benefits should be introduced and there should be relentless battles against unqualified obtaining governmental benefits meant for the needy poor. All these attempts could help create a corruption- free climate conducive for the promotion of civil liberties / human rights wherein a culture of respect for others and others’ rights will flourish. To eradicate corruption, it is always essential to tackle both givers and takers. Such an understanding should be the guiding factor in our attempts to weed out corruption. The givers, in many cases aid, abet and actively induce the takers because of their impatience to wait for their opportunities (in the queue system) or they want decisions/things/services illegally for personal gain or for depriving larger public from lawful benefits and for subversion of national interests. A culture of self-restraint should be inculcated in the minds and actions of the people to desist from paying and taking corruption.


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