Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Samuel Taylor Coleridge” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Samuel Taylor Coleridge” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

(1772 – 1834)

Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born in Ottery St. Mary on 21 October 1772 to John Coleridge, a minister, and Ann Bowden Coleridge. His brother Luke died in 1790 and his only sister Ann in 1791, inspiring Col to write Monody, one of his-first poems, in which he likens himself to Thomas Chatterton. Col married Sara Hutchinson in October of 1795. With his marriage, Col tried very hard to become responsible. His Poems, published in 1797, was well received and it looked like he was on the fast track to fame. In 1798, the famous Lyrical Ballads was published, the collaboration between Col and William which pretty much created the Romantic Movement. Col turned to newspaper work in 1801 to  try and recover financially. In 1804, he left for Malta in hopes of a cure from the warm climate. Here, he spied a bit for his majesty, who wanted Malta as a British port, though officially Col was the temporary Public Secretary. Col had also hoped for a release from his addiction, but this was not to be. He returned to England in 1806, and, plucking up his courage, asked for a legal separation from his wife. Though Sara was furious, the separation happened.

Col was again writing newspaper articles to earn a living, further supplemented by various lecture courses. Most of his remaining work was non-fiction, except for a play or two, and included such works as Biographia Literaria (1817), a work on nearly every-thing. He was still haunted by his failure to break free from opium, however, and to this end he moved into the house of an apothecary named James Gillman, asking Gillman to help cut back his opium dose. Col’s nephew, Henry Nelson Coleridge, published a collection of Col’s conversation called Table Talk, and Col himself was not only publishing new works, like Aids to Reflection (1825), but was reprinting the old in hopes of finally making a real financial contribution to his family. By 1830, he was generally hailed as the finest critic of his day.

Though he’s really only known today for his poetry, though Col’s contributions to the field of criticism and our language were many. Charles Lamb wrote in description of Col in 1817: “his face when he repeats his verses hath its ancient glory, an Arch angel a little damaged. He died, surprisingly peacefully, on 25 July 1834, leaving only books and manuscripts behind.


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