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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Maria Montessori ” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Maria Montessori 


Italy : Founder of a new educational system

Born : 1870        Died : 1952

You must have come across Montessori schools for small children. They carry the name of Dr. Maria Montessori, who propounded a new and innovative method for teaching children. She believed that education should be such that it is attractive as well as interesting for child aspirants. In this method, the children are allowed to develop their physical and mental faculties through fine arts, play and other curricular activities. Innumerable schools that follow her methods are now engaged in teaching the children according to their aptitude and psychology all over the world.

Maria Montessori was born in Italy in the year 1870. She belonged to a well-to-do family and took the degree of M.D. from the University of Rome. She was barely 24 at that time. Later, she served in the academic level at this university. She worked in the direction of finding a suitable educational system for mentally retarded children. She did extensive research on the subject. She tried her system in various schools and found it to be very practical. Thereafter, she travelled to many countries for the propagation of her methods. She visited India too. Montessori was deeply influenced by the Theosophy and died in Holland in 1952.

Montessori laid stress on practical education. She opined that a children’s physical, psychological, moral and social conditions should be kept in mind for their proper development. She devoted her life to impart suitable education to the mentally weak and handicapped children to bring them on par with normal children. She suggested many appliances that could help children in understanding complex things. Reward and punishment are excluded from the system. Her prominent books are: Montessori Method, The Secret of Childhood, Child Training, The Discovery of the Child and Education for a New World.


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