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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Lenin” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.



Soviet Union : Founder of Communist Russia

Birth : 1870       Death : 1924

Lenin was one of the greatest revolutionaries of the 20th century. He founded the Soviet Union, one of the world’s two most powerful countries today. He organized the peasants and workers of Tsarist Russia for a Communist revolution and in 1917, overthrew the Tsarist regime in Russia. By the 1917 Russian revolution, Lenin gave practical shape to the ideas of Marx and Engles. ‘Lenin’ is the pseudonym that the great Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov assumed for reasons of secrecy. Lenin was under deep influence of Marx and Engles and read their work with deep interest. Lenin started taking part in political events while he was a young student at Kazan University. The Tsarist regime started persecuting Lenin and exiled him to different places. But even while in exile, Lenin continued to guide the revolutionary struggle of the Russian people against the oppressive regime of the Tsar. In 1898, Lenin created a new party, ‘Bolshevik Party’, for bringing about a Communist revolution in Russia. Lenin also edited two papers viz Iskra and Proletary for spreading revolutionary ideas among the Russian working classes. Lenin’s first attempt of a revolution in 1905 proved abortive, but in 1917, the revolutionaries triumphed in seizing power from the Provisional Government. On 7 November 1917, the new Soviet government was formed headed by Lenin. It now addressed itself to the task of socialist reconstruction of the country, private ownership of property was abolished, an eight-hour working day for workers was introduced and workers’ control was established at all factories.

Lenin was born on April 22, 1870 in the Volga town of Simbirsk. His father Ilya Ulyanov was a civil servant. In his revolutionary struggle, Lenin faced many hardships but he never lost faith in the ultimate victory of his cause; Lenin was highly gifted and diligent and showed keen interest in literature, history and languages. He knew many modern European languages including English and French. Lenin passed away on 21 January 1921, in Gorki, near Moscow.


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