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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Ghanshyam Das Birla” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Ghanshyam Das Birla


India : Nationalist and Industrialist

Born : AD 1894                    Died : AD 1983

Ghanshyam Das Birla was a great architect of India’s industrial  growth. He started his career in Calcutta” at the beginning of this century. He set up many industries. He entered the field of business during the days of the First World War, and established himself after the war years. First, he established a cotton mill in Sabzi Mandi, Delhi followed by Keshoram Cotton Mills and Birla Jute Mills around 1920. The Keshoram Mills was set up with the efforts of Andrew Yule. In 1919, with an investment of 50 lacs, the Birla Brothers Limited was formed and thereafter a mill was set up in Gwalior.

Mr Birla realized that political freedom from British rule was imperative for the industrial growth of India. In 1920, he came into contact with Gandhiji. In the decade of the 30’s he set up sugar and paper mills. From 1943 to 1946, with stock exchange gaining ground, Birla Brothers ventured into the areas of cars, cotton, machinery and man-made fabrics. United Commercial Bank was set-up during this period. Prior to this, he had established Ruby, Asiatic Insurance Co and Inland Air Service.

After independence, the Birlas expanded their business and started production in many fields. Near Mirzapur, he, in collaboration with Caesar, an American friend, set up an Aluminium Plant Hindalco in record time. He bought the Century Mill from Sir Chunnilal V. Malta, the cousin of Sir Purshottam Das Thakur Das. He also bought tea estates and started cement and fertilizer factories. He established new style in management. In his birth place Pilani and at many other places he started many educational institutions. To his credit go many temples, planetariums and hospitals. In 1983, he died while in London, but not before seeing his business flourish as one of the top-most establishments in India. During the decades of 70’s and 80’s, Birla Brothers were among the topmost Industrial Houses of India.


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