Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Emily Dickinson” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Emily Dickinson” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Emily Dickinson

(1830 – 1886)

Emily Dickinson was an American lyrical poet, and an obsessively private writer — only seven of her some 1800 poems were published during her lifetime. Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, to a family well-known for educational and political activity. Her father, an orthodox Calvinist, was a lawyer and treasurer of Amherst College, and also served in Congress. She was educated at Amherst Academy (1834-47) and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (1847-48). Around 1850, Dickinson started to write poems, first in fairly conventional style, but after ten years of practice she began to give room for experiments: After the Civil War Dickinson lived a secluded life, her letters reveal knowledge of the writings of John Keats, John Ruskin, and Sir Thomas Browne. Two candidates have been presented: Reverend Charles Wadsworth, with whom she corresponded, and Samuel Bowles, editor of the Springfield Republican, to whom she addressed many poems.

After Dickinson’s death in 1886, her sister Lavinia brought out her poems. She co-edited three volumes from 1891 to 1896. Despite its editorial imperfections, the first volume became popular. In the early decades of the twentieth century, Martha Dickinson Bianchi, the poet’s niece, transcribed and published more poems, and in 1945 Bolts Of Melody essentially completed the task of bringing Dickinson’s poems to the public. The publication of Thomas H. Johnson’s 1955 edition of Emily Dickinson’s poems finally gave readers a complete and accurate text. Emily had a few friends and acquaintances from day to day. One of these aquaintances was Thomas: Wentworth Higginson whom she sent a few pieces of her poetry ‘to. He rejected her poems, but he was eventually the first to publish her work after her death. Emily only had a six or seven of her poems published during her lifetime—and those without her consent. The number is argued over because one poem was published more than once.

Dickinson’s works have had considerable influence on modern poetry. Her frequent use of dashes, sporadic capitalization of nouns, off-rhymes, broken metre, unconventional metaphors have contributed her reputation as one of the most innovative poets of 19th-century American literature. Later feminist critics have challenged the popular conception of the poet as a reclusive, eccentric figure, and underlined her intellectual and artistic sophistication. Many scholars have tried to understand and theorize why Emily decided to seclude herself in her home and write about the most intimate experiences and feelings of life.

It was after her death that her poems were discovered. It is estimated that Emily wrote over 1700 poems. Emily died in 1886.


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