Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Charles Darwin” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Charles Darwin” great author complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Charles Darwin

(1809 – 1882)

Charles Darwin was a British naturalist, who revolutionised the science of biology by his demonstration of evolution by natural selection. Darwin’s on The Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation Of Favoured Races In The Struggle of Life, was published on November 24, 1859, and sold out immediately. Darwin was born in Shrewsbury on February 12, 1809. In 1827, he started theology studies at Christ’s College, Cam-bridge. His love to collect plants, insects, and geological specimens was noted by his botany professor John Stevens Henslow. He arranged for his talented student a place on the surveying expedition of HMS Beagle to Patagonia.

The voyage took five years, from 1831 to 1836. Darwin returned with observations he had made in Teneriffe, the Cape Verde Is-Lands, Brazil, the Galapagos Islands, and elsewhere. During the voyage he had contracted a tropical illness, which made him a semi-invalid for the rest of his life. By 1846 Darwin had published several works based on the discoveries of the voyage and he became secretary of the Geological Society (1838-41). From 1842 Darwin lived at Down House, Downe. In 1839 he had married his cousin Emma Wedgwood, and when not devoting himself to scientific studies, he led the life of a country gentleman. In the 1840s Darwin worked on his observations of the origin of species for his own use. Darwin’s great work, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection was heavily attacked because it did not support the depiction of creation given in the book of Genesis. Darwin’s argument that natural selection – the mechanism of evolution – worked automatically, leaving little or no room for divine guidance or design. All species, he reasoned, produce far too many offspring for them all to survive, and therefore those with favourable variations – owing to chance – are selected. At Darwin’s hands evolution matured into a well-developed scientific theory, Nyhich have been a constant target of religious or pseudo-scientific attacks. However, Darwin himself did not at first explicitly apply the evolutionary theory to human beings. However, T.H. Huxley published in his Man’s Place in Nature (1863) an application of the theory and Darwin followed him in The Descent Of Man, and Selection In Relation To Sex (1871) and Expression Of Emotions In Man And Animals (1872), which showed the similarities between animals and man in the expression of emotions and was the start of the science of ethnology.

Darwin’s voyage with the Royal Navy’s H.M.S. Beagle is recorded in the Journal of Researches (1836), a blend of scientific reporting and travel writing. Darwin died in Down, Kent, on April.19, 1882 and is buried in Westminster Abbey.


The main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *