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English Essay on “The Role of Women in Modern India” complete Paragraph and Speech for School, College Students, essay for Class 8, 9, 10, 12 and Graduation Classes.

The Role of Women in Modern India

Essay No. 01

The women of India have come into their own. They are playing their roles in all walks of life shoulder to shoulder with men. There are women in Foreign Service, in the Indian Administrative Service, in medicine, in Education, in business, as Company Directors, as computer operators and stenographers, as receptionists, as air hostesses, as politicians, and even the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi, led them to a destination where the sky is the limit.

Now women in service have even become a common sight and they have proved that they possess a good capacity to handle jobs better than men.

It was in the fitness of things that the United Nations Organisation declared 1975as International Women’s Year. At that time Mrs. Indira Gandhi was also the Prime Minister of India and Mrs. Bhandarnaike was the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, another intelligent woman. In India women have been up and doing well in all walks of life, Mrs. Sucheta Kripalani was the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and Mrs. Vijaya Laxmi Pandit was the President of the United Nations Organisation in the early days after independence.

In the olden and golden days of Indian history, when the Aryans came to India, women enjoyed equality with men. Women in ancient India enjoyed a much higher status than their descendants in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. From the earliest days, there had been many notable women in India—poets, scholars, capable administrations, and leaders of religious movements. Lila wati the great mathematician during the time of the Aryans, Ahalyabai Holkar, the excellent administrator of Indore State, and Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi are a few such examples. In the sweep of centuries, under the Muslim domination, Indian women, like the Muslim women, were confined to their household duties, but under the inspiring leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the women of India have regained their confidence and initiative and now they are marching shoulder to shoulder and abreast with their menfolk.

The cause of women was earnestly sponsored by our late Prime Minister Pandit Nehru in the Lok Sabha. and the Hindu Code Bill came to be debated in it, then after a good deal of delay due to stiff opposition of its clauses which were to settle major issues, the greater parts of the Hindu Code Bill were passed and this has given women right to a share in the parental property equally with her brothers.

But that is not the total story. The increasing demand for dowry has led to the tragic phenomenon of bride-burning. Many brides have been burnt with gas stoves under the pretext of natural accidents because they could not bring the adequate dowry demanded by their in-laws. That is the saddest part of the whole story. In that direction, there is a need for the greatest reform. Marriage should be simplified. There should be love marriages. Boys and girls should marry themselves. There should be no dowry. Unless marital relations are improved there can be no equal status for men and women. At the same time, both men and women should realize thus that rights can not suffice until the duties in their parts are realized.

They should remember “there can be no right without duties. The interdependence of man and woman cannot be overlooked and they have essentially to be united in a matrimonial alliance for the propagation of the human race.

The women of India have still to go a long way to claim their rightful position in the polity of India. We are still far off from the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi set before the womanhood of the country. We have some Shakuntalas of the conception of Kalidas and some Sitas of the conception of Valmiki but equality for women is still a great way off. There is no Lib Movement in India as in America but the women’s liberation movement in the USA is seeking sexual equality rather than social equality. In India, women have enjoyed the highest status as goddesses and the ideals of motherhood are very high in India. Our temples ring with slogans like “Jai Mata ki!”

Inspite of all the above-said eulogy for the women the stark reality observed by the United Nations is “Woman constituted half the world’s population, perform nearly two-thirds of the work but have received one-tenth of the world’s income”.

 

Role of Women in Modern World

Essay No. 02

What was a change in women’s status from the Vedic age to the present day? Looking back at history pages of ancient times, we find that women were treated with respect in Indian society. In the Vedic age, women were educated.

However, as society became orthodox, there was the change in their status. They were confined to the four walls of the kitchen and occupied in rearing children. Men became bread earners. The roles of men and women were thus separated. But now the social scene has considerably changed. Women all over the world are being educated in almost every field that men so far dominated.

The knowledge of arts, science, technology, and politics is no longer the privilege of men alone. Every school and college is now conscious of imparting education to girls as it is absolutely essential to educate women in society. If the woman is an educated mother, she can bring up children much better.

Wisdom requires that girls should be sent to school and later to college and encouraged to lead society. It has been said that you educate a man and you educate one person; but when you educate a woman you educate the whole family.’ Her education is most important because she is the first teacher of her child and is it not true that, ‘the hand that rocks the cradle rules the world?’ Today’s women play a vital role. Her image has changed from that of a housewife to a useful person in almost all spheres. She has proved herself as a potential political leader, a radical social reformer, an efficient office manager, and so on.

Her physical weakness is no longer a barrier to getting herself established in the modern world. The recently concluded International Women’s Conference in Beijing, China, discussed various ways and means to make women a better social beings.

It is no longer said, ‘behind every man’s success there is a woman, but the new saying is that, “by the side of every man there is a woman trying to succeed.”

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